BASICS OF COMPUTER & INTERNET

SivaKumar O S
CEO, SysKan TechnoSoft
History of Computer
Common Oriented Machine Particularly Used for Trade
Education & Research – COMPUTER
Father of Computer...
Generation of Computer
First Generation (Vacuum Tubes)
Second Generation (Transistors)
Third Generation (Integrated Chips-...
ARCHITECTURE OF COMPUTER
MAJOR PARTS OF COMPUTER



INPUT
DEVICES

CENTRAL PROCESSING
UNIT (CPU)

MEMORY UNIT

4

SysKan ...
VARIOUS INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICES
Input Devices

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
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Keyboard. (Wired / Wireless/Multimedia)
Mouse.(Wired/Wireless/Op...
MEMORY & TYPES
Based on Its Location



Internal (RAM/ROM) & External Memory (Ext HardDisk / Pen
Drive / Thumb Drive, CD/...
MEMORY Calculations
Binary Digit – 0 or 1 (bit)
4 bits = 1 word
8 bits = 2 words = 1 Byte
1024 Bytes = 1 kilo Byte (kB)
10...
NUMBER SYSTEM
Binary Number System
Octal Number System
Decimal Number System
Hexa Decimal Number System

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
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Sl.No

O...
Analog VS Digital Computer
Normal (Human & Animal)Voice is Analog Signal.
Vibrations are Analog Signal.
Needed devices to ...
Computer Languages






Low Level Language (Machine / Binary Language)
Assembly Language (Mnemonics, Microprocessor L...
SOFTWARES
Software

System

Compiler /
Interpreter
11

Application

Operating
System

Office /
Photo / Video

SysKan Techn...
PUZZLE

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



Assume there are 10 equal size boxes and I am providing
you 1000 Re.1 coin.
You need to put those 1000...
INTERNET
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Tim Berners Lee is the Father of Internet.
He invented World wide web as well as HTML.
Internet is n...
WEB ADDRESS
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URL – Uniform Resource Locator.
http – hypertext Transfer Protocol.
FTP – File Transfer Prot...
Networking Basics
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Types of Networks
LAN – Local Area Network
MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
WAN – Wide Area...
What We Offer
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Robotics Projects

16

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
Our Robotics Projects

17

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
Our Training Services





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Laptop/Smart Phones/ Tablet Service Training.
Android Apps Development Training.
Communi...
19

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
20

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
People Behind Modern Computer & Mobile

21

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
People Behind Modern Computer & Mobile

22

SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
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Basics of computer and internet

  1. 1. BASICS OF COMPUTER & INTERNET SivaKumar O S CEO, SysKan TechnoSoft
  2. 2. History of Computer Common Oriented Machine Particularly Used for Trade Education & Research – COMPUTER Father of Computer is Charles Babbage. First Programmer of computer is Lady Novalace. Babbage invented Analytical Engine which is actually a mechanical device used for Complex Calculation purpose     2 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  3. 3. Generation of Computer First Generation (Vacuum Tubes) Second Generation (Transistors) Third Generation (Integrated Chips-IC’s) Fourth Generation (Microprocessors – LSI) Fifth Generation (Microprocessors – VLSI) [All in One PC, Artificial Intelligence] Sixth Generation ( SOC- System on Chip) [Smart Phones, Tablets, Credit Card Size Computers]       3 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  4. 4. ARCHITECTURE OF COMPUTER MAJOR PARTS OF COMPUTER  INPUT DEVICES CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU) MEMORY UNIT 4 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844 OUTPUT DEVICES
  5. 5. VARIOUS INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICES Input Devices       Keyboard. (Wired / Wireless/Multimedia) Mouse.(Wired/Wireless/Optical/ Bluetooth/2 Button/3 Button) Stylus. (Track Pad, Touch Pad, Pen) Touch Input. Motion Sensors. Output Devices       5 Monitor. (VGA, CRT, TFT, LCD, LED) Printer. (Dot-Matrix, Inkjet, Laser Printer) Plotter. 3D Printer. LCD Projectors. SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  6. 6. MEMORY & TYPES Based on Its Location  Internal (RAM/ROM) & External Memory (Ext HardDisk / Pen Drive / Thumb Drive, CD/DVD/BRD, SD Cards ) Based on the Materials  Semiconductor (RAM,ROM,SD Cards / Magnetic (Internal, External Hard disk / Optical Memory CD,DVD,BRD)  Based on the Functionality  Volatile Memory(RAM) / Non –Volatile Memory (ROM & Others)   6 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  7. 7. MEMORY Calculations Binary Digit – 0 or 1 (bit) 4 bits = 1 word 8 bits = 2 words = 1 Byte 1024 Bytes = 1 kilo Byte (kB) 1024 kilo Byte = 1 mega Byte (MB) 1024 mega Byte = 1 giga Byte (GB) 1024 giga Byte = 1 Tera Byte (TB)        7 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  8. 8. NUMBER SYSTEM Binary Number System Octal Number System Decimal Number System Hexa Decimal Number System     Sl.No Octal Decimal Hexa Decimal 1 1 1 1 1 2 10 2 2 2 3 11 3 3 3 4 100 4 4 4 5 101 5 5 5 6 110 6 6 6 7 111 7 7 7 8 1000 10 8 8 9 1001 11 9 9 10 8 Binary 1010 12 10 A SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  9. 9. Analog VS Digital Computer Normal (Human & Animal)Voice is Analog Signal. Vibrations are Analog Signal. Needed devices to convert analog signal to digital signal. Computer can operate and store only in digital data. But it can convert analog to digital and vice versa. Simple example for a digital data is normal switch which can be operated in any one of the two states(ON / OFF) There are some hybrid computers which can operate in Analog as well as digital data like Medical Scanners etc.,        9 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  10. 10. Computer Languages     Low Level Language (Machine / Binary Language) Assembly Language (Mnemonics, Microprocessor Lang) Medium Level Language (BASIC, FORTRAN, C, FOXPRO) High Level Language (C++,C#,VB, JAVA,PYTHON etc.,) Medium /High Level Language 10 Compiler / Interpreter SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844 Low / Machine Level Language
  11. 11. SOFTWARES Software System Compiler / Interpreter 11 Application Operating System Office / Photo / Video SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  12. 12. PUZZLE       Assume there are 10 equal size boxes and I am providing you 1000 Re.1 coin. You need to put those 1000 coins in the boxes in any order you like. Terms & Conditions. You need to fill all the boxes, No box should be empty before giving it to me. I can ask you money in any whole number in two or three times whose sum will not exceed to Rs.1000/ While giving for the money which I ask, you need to give the whole box and not the portion of it. How can you fill? 12 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  13. 13. INTERNET      Tim Berners Lee is the Father of Internet. He invented World wide web as well as HTML. Internet is nothing but the network of network. The term network denotes connection of two or more computers to share the data (like Files) as well as resources. (like Printers, Scanners etc.,) IP Address is the Address to identify any computer connected in the Internet. 13 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  14. 14. WEB ADDRESS         URL – Uniform Resource Locator. http – hypertext Transfer Protocol. FTP – File Transfer Protocol. DNS – Domain Naming System. i.p Address – Internet Protocol Address Domain Names – com, org, net, edu, in, us,uk. www – world wide web. Wired / Wireless Networks. 14 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  15. 15. Networking Basics       Types of Networks LAN – Local Area Network MAN – Metropolitan Area Network WAN – Wide Area Network Network Topologies. Star, Ring, Bus, Tree and Mesh Topologies 15 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  16. 16. What We Offer  Robotics Projects 16 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  17. 17. Our Robotics Projects 17 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  18. 18. Our Training Services      Laptop/Smart Phones/ Tablet Service Training. Android Apps Development Training. Communication Skills Development Training. Computer Software & Languages Training (C,C++,Java and .Net) Raspberry Pi Robotics Projects. 18 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  19. 19. 19 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  20. 20. 20 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  21. 21. People Behind Modern Computer & Mobile 21 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844
  22. 22. People Behind Modern Computer & Mobile 22 SysKan TechnoSoft +91-9944159844

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