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Tsl 3113

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Action Research 1-Qualitative vs quantitative

Action Research 1-Qualitative vs quantitative

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  • 1. TSL 3113: Action Research I Group members: Muhammad Akmal Nur Syahirah Rosmalia Siti Norfatin Izzati
  • 2. Contrast Qualitative Approach with Quantitative Approach Item Definition Goals Quantitative Approach Qualitative Approach • Emphasizes numbers, measurements, control & experimentation. • Traditional scientific research. • Emphasizes natural settings, observations, verbal narratives & interpretations. • Emerged from sociology. • Test hypothesis (theory) • Establish facts •Show relationships •Predict •Statically described • Build theory •Develop understanding •Capture naturally occurring behaviour •Describe multiple realities
  • 3. Item Quantitative Approach Qualitative Approach Design •Structured •Predetermined •Formal •Specific •Evolving (emerging) •Flexible •Informal •General Sample •Large •Representative (graph, chart) •Random selection •Small •Non-representative •Purposeful (to solve problem) •Experiments •Surveys •Case studies •Ethnographies Methods
  • 4. Item Data Quantitative Approach •Quantities •Counts •Measures •Instruments •Numbers •Statistics Qualitative Approach •Verbal descriptions •Observations •Documents •Photographs •People’s own words •Narrative

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