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P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
P1b The Universe SJT
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P1b The Universe SJT

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AQA GCSE Physics Unit 1b: The Universe

AQA GCSE Physics Unit 1b: The Universe

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  • 1. Radiation and the Universec.Origins of the Universe Mr S Thompson
  • 2. Evidence about the origins of the universe…
  • 3. Source of light “Spectra”
  • 4. helium If you pass the light through a gas something different is seen… Some wavelengths of light are absorbed by the gas – an “absorption spectrum”.
  • 5. Before helium After If the light source is moving away the absorption spectra look a little different… helium
  • 6. Before After The absorption lines have all been “shifted” towards the longer wavelength end (red end)… This is called red shift. The faster the light source moves the further its light will be “shifted” A similar effect happens with sound – this is called “The Doppler Effect”
  • 7. This is the BIG BANG theory Light from different stars and from the edge of the universe also shows this “red-shift”. This suggests that everything in the universe is moving away from a single point.
  • 8. Red shift summary Light from other galaxies has a longer wavelength than expected. This shows that these galaxies are moving away from us very quickly. This effect is seen to a greater extent in galaxies that are further away from us. This indicates that the further away the galaxy is, the faster it is moving.
  • 9. Red shift summary This evidence seems to suggest that everything in the universe is moving away from a single point, and that this process started around 15 billion years ago. This is the big bang Theory.
  • 10. Observing the Universe Ground-based telescopes Space-based telescopes Consider different types of telescope: Advantages: Cheap and easy to access/maintain Disadvantages: The atmosphere and weather will affect the quality of the images. Advantages: High Quality images Disadvantages: High Cost. The atmosphere and weather will affect the quality of the images.

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