Charles dickens(2)
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Charles dickens(2) Charles dickens(2) Presentation Transcript

  • Charles Dickens 1812-1870 Loyola Academy English Department English Literature Mr. Simon
  • Family Life
    • Father – John Dickens
    • Mother – Elizabeth Barrow
    • Father was a Navel clerk
    • Financially comfortable and then destitute
    • Parents were sent to a Debtors Prison
  • Dickens’ early years
    • Family imprisoned for debt
    • Young Charles forced to work in shoe factory:
    • Warrens Blacking Factory
    • Mostly self-educated – erratic schooling
    • In 1827, he took a job as a legal clerk
    • He then worked as a reporter in courts and in Parliament
  • Married Life and Family
    • Katherine Hogarth: not a happy woman
    • 9 children
    • Mistress: Ellen Turner- London Actress
    • Spent much of his time in London
    • Not a good family man
    • Settled down to comfortable, married, middle class life
  • Early Writing Career He wrote short humorous sketches with pictures by Boz which became known as Pickwick Papers Became famous in a short period of time and wildly popular among devoted readers awaiting his next installment Gave numerous public readings for $$$, worldwide
  • Success as a Novelist
    • Nickolas Nickleby 1839
    • Oliver Twist 1839
    • The Old Curiosity Shop 1841
    • Barnaby Rudge 1841
    • Martin Chuzzlewitt 1843
    • Dombey and Son 1849
    • David Copperfield 1850
    • Bleak House 1853
    • Hard Times 1854
    • Little Dorritt 1857
    • A Tale of Two Cities 1859
    • Great Expectations 1861
  • Major Themes in Dickens’ fiction
    • Loneliness of childhood
    • Oppression of poverty
    • Uncertainty of love and marriage
    • Indifference of social institutions
    • Sustaining joy of family life
    • Perseverance and sacrifice in face of untold hardships and injustice
    • Many autobiographical links between life and writings of Dickens
  • Themes
    • Docks
    • Aristocracy- wealth, rich, land and power
    • Child labor- Oliver Twist
    • Family life
    • Lost love and unattainable women
    • Dickens’ main characters greatly resemble himself and his life
  • Most famous successful work
    • A Christmas Carol 1843
    • Enduring holiday favorite
    • Amusing elements of supernatural, melodrama, humor, and pathos
    • Extremely optimistic tale of redemption for Ebeneezer Scrooge, archetypal miser
    • Remains a sentimental classic
  • Twilight of Dickens’Career
    • Our Mutual Friend 1865
    • The Mystery of Edwin Drood unfinished when
    • Dickens died suddenly from a stroke in June, 1870
    • His death was mourned by thousands when he was buried at Westminster Abbey five days after his death
  • The Victorian Period
    • Queen Victoria 1819-1901
    • At the age of 18 Victoria inherited the throne, she reigned for 64 years
    • “ The sun never sets on the Queen’s empire”
    • the power and influence of Britain around the world
    • She died a lonely ruler
  • The Industrial Revolution
    • Villagers moved to the cities = factories = jobs= smoke= pollution
    • = backbreaking labor= death vs. luxury side by side with poverty
    • “ It was the best of time; it was the worst of times.
    • Dickens – A Tale of Two Cities
  • London and the Times
  • Dickens and Christmas The first Christmas Card, Tree and Holiday Traditions
  • Dickens legacy and links
    • He remains the foremost 19 th century British writer of fiction
    • Amazing and detailed depiction of lifestyle and issues of a transforming industrial and urban landscape
    • Vivid and dramatic dialogue
    • Profession as court reporter enhanced awareness of social inequities