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Covers the information in VA SOL USII.9.

Covers the information in VA SOL USII.9.

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Usii.9 ppt Presentation Transcript

  • 1. American Domestic Issues in the 20th Century
    SOL USII.9
    Lisa Pennington
    Social Studies Instructional Specialist
    Portsmouth Public Schools
  • 2. Vocabulary
    National Defense Student Loan: established in 1958 to help students attend college; a response to the U.S.-Soviet space race.
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965: supplied federal money to city school districts who lost tax revenues when people moved to the suburbs.
    14th Amendment: guaranteed equal protection under the law and citizenship rights.
  • 3. Vocabulary
    15th Amendment: race cannot be used to deny the right to vote.
    Civil Rights Act of 1964: prohibited employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
    Voting Rights Act of 1965: guaranteed African Americans the right to vote by outlawing literacy tests at election polls.
    24th Amendment: the rights of citizens to vote in federal elections could not be denied because of failure to pay a poll tax.
  • 4. Vocabulary
    NOW: National Organization of Women was created in 1966 to end restrictions on women and to secure equal employment opportunities; part of the Women’s Liberation Movement.
    NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; formed in 1909 as an advocacy group for African Americans.
    Montgomery Bus Boycott: took place in 1955 after Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her bus seat; Supreme Court ruled Alabama segregation laws were unconstitutional.
  • 5. Vocabulary
    March on Washington: people gathered in 1963 to give support to Civil Rights legislation; Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his “I Have a Dream” speech.
    Equal Rights Amendment: proposed in 1972 to guarantee equal rights for women, but it failed to be adopted.
    Section 90 (a) of Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972: no person on the basis of gender will be excluded from participating in or denied benefits of or be subject to any discrimination in any program that receives federal financial assistance.
  • 6. Vocabulary
    Section 844 of the Education Amendment of 1974: discrimination based on gender was prohibited in intercollegiate athletic activities at institutions that received federal financial aid.
  • 7. The Civil Rights Movement
    The Civil Rights Movement resulted in legislation that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race.
    http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=7546&rendTypeId=4
  • 8. Some Effects of Segregation
    Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American students.
    http://www.vahistory.org/massive.resistance/photos/3/Dp0008.jpg
  • 9. Some Effects of Segregation
    Separate public facilities (i.e., restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants)
  • 10. Some Effects of Segregation
    Social isolation of races
    http://www.sitemason.com/files/fwyiD6/hotelclark.jpg
  • 11. The Civil Rights Movement
    Opposition to Plessy v. Ferguson (“separate but equal” was legal)
    http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/landmark/landmarkimages/plessy2.gif
    http://www.stus.com/images/products/con0008.gif
  • 12. The Civil Rights Movement
    Brown v. Board of Education (desegregation of schools)
    The Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board
    of Education integrated the schools. Here, the first day of
    desegregation, on Sept. 8, 1954, at Fort Myer Elementary School in
    Fort Myer, Va.
    http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/10/weekinreview/10liptak.html
  • 13. The Civil Rights Movement
    Martin Luther King, Jr. and his use of passive resistance against segregated facilities; “I have a dream…” speech.
    http://www.medaloffreedom.com/MartinLutherKingHaveaDream.jpg
  • 14. The Civil Rights Movement
    Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott.
    http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/images/br0119s.jpg
    Rosa Parks being fingerprinted after her
    arrest for refusing to give up her seat on the bus.
  • 15. The Civil Rights Movement
    Organized protests, Freedom Riders (helped African Americans vote and work for civil rights, sit-ins, marches.)
    http://img.groundspeak.com/waymarking/display/d31694f7-01d5-43a7-89dc-db608be87c0e.jpg
    Sign reads: On Mother’s Day, May 14, 1961, a group of black and white CORE
    youth on a “Freedom Ride” from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans arrived by bus at
    the Birmingham Greyhound terminal. They were riding through the deep south to test
    a court case “Boynton vs. Virginia,” declaring segregation in bus terminals
    unconstitutional. Here they were met and attacked by a mob of Klansmen. The riders
    were severely assaulted while the police watched, yet the youth stood their ground.
  • 16. The Civil Rights Movement
    Expansion of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    http://www.albany.edu/~naacp/images/naacp-logo.gif
  • 17. The Civil Rights Movement
    Civil Rights Act of 1964.
    What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do?
    It prohibited employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
    http://www.governor.state.az.us/eop/images/CivilRights.jpg
    President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the
    Civil Rights Act of 1964. Notice Martin
    Luther King, Jr. in the background.
  • 18. The Civil Rights Movement
    Voting Rights Act of 1965.
    What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 do?
    It guaranteed African Americans the right to vote by outlawing literacy test at election polls.
  • 19. Women’s Rights
    Women activists were inspired by the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement and took action to gain equality for themselves, particularly in the workplace.
  • 20. Workplace Disadvantages
    Discrimination in hiring practices against women.
    http://www.robrogers.com/gallery/old_favorites/images/best_93/050293%20Glass%20Ceiling.gif
  • 21. Workplace Disadvantages
    Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job.
    What do you think the term “glass ceiling” refers to?
    http://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/image8-2.gif
  • 22. http://www.smh.com.au/ffximage/2007/05/17/wages18507_narrowweb__300x318,0.jpg
    How does this chart illustrate the “glass ceiling” concept?
  • 23. Improved Conditions
    National Organization for Women (NOW)
    http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/6/6b/Logo-sign2.gif
  • 24. Improved Conditions
    Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal athletic opportunities.
  • 25. Improved Conditions
    The Equal Rights Amendment despite its failure, and a focus on equal opportunity employment, created a wider range of options and advancement for women in business and public service.
    http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=27002&rendTypeId=4
  • 26. New Technologies
    After the war, Americans turned their energies to the development of peacetime technologies.
  • 27. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Airline industry: jets.
  • 28. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Automobile industry and interstate highway system.
  • 29. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Entertainment and new media.
  • 30. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Exploration of space.
    http://www.hashemian.com/blog/images/space-exploration.jpg
  • 31. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Computer industry.
  • 32. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Satellite system: telecommunications (pagers, cell phones, television.)
  • 33. Industries Benefiting From New Technologies
    Internet.
  • 34. Impact of New Technologies on American Life
    Increased domestic and international travel for business and pleasure.
  • 35. Impact of New Technologies on American Life
    Greater access to news and other information.
  • 36. Impact of New Technologies on American Life
    Cheaper and more convenient means of communication.
  • 37. Impact of New Technologies on American Life
    Greater access to heating and air conditioning improved the quality of life and encouraged population growth in certain areas of the country.
    http://www.acunit.com/images/heat-pump.jpg
  • 38. Impact of New Technologies on American Life
    Decreased regional variation, resulting from nationwide access to entertainment and information provided by national television and radio programming, Internet Services, and computer games.
  • 39. Influence of Individual Citizens
    Individual citizens have influenced America scientifically, culturally, academically, and economically.
  • 40. Science
    Charles Drew-plasma
    J. Robert Oppenheimer-physics (Manhattan Team Project)
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e0/Nagasakibomb.jpg/300px-Nagasakibomb.jpg
  • 41. Culture
    Frank Lloyd Wright-architecture
    Martha Graham-dance
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Frank_Lloyd_Wright_-_Robie_House_2.JPG
  • 42. Academic
    Henry Louis Gates-historian
    Maya Angelou-literature
    "These yet to be the United States"
     
     Tremors of your network
    cause kings to disappear.
    Your open mouth in anger
    makes nations bow in fear.
    Your bombs can change the seasons,
    obliterate the spring.
    What more do you long for?
    Why are you suffering?
    You control the human lives
    in Rome and Timbuktu.
    Lonely nomads wandering
    owe Telstar to you.
    Seas shift at your bidding
    your mushrooms fill the sky
    Why are you unhappy?
    Why do your children cry?
    They kneel alone in terror
    with dread in every glance.
    Their rights are threatened daily
    by a grim inheritance.
    You dwell in whitened castles
    with deep and poisoned moats
    and cannot hear the curses
    which fill your children's throats.
    -Maya Angelou
     
  • 43. Economics
    Bill Gates-computer technology
    Ray Kroc-franchising
    http://www.union.umd.edu/food/images/mcdonalds.jpg
  • 44. Emerging Issues in America
    American foreign policy, immigration policies, energy policies, and environmental policies affect both people in the United States and in other countries.
  • 45. Foreign Policy
    Increase in terrorist activities.
    Incidents of Terrorism Worldwide, 2005
    Incidents of terrorism worldwide: 11,111
    Incidents resulting in death, injury, or kidnapping of at least one individual: 8,016
    Incidents resulting in the death of at least one individual: 5,131
    Incidents resulting in the death of zero individuals: 5,980
    Incidents resulting in the death of only one individual: 2,884
    Incidents resulting in the death of at least 10 individuals: 226
    Incidents resulting in the injury of at least one individual: 3,827
    Incidents resulting in the kidnapping of at least one individual: 1,145
    http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/65489.pdf
  • 46. Foreign Policy
    Conflicts in the Middle East.
    Changing relationships with nations.
    http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/11/07/world/07kurds.xlarge1.jpg
  • 47. Immigration
    Changing immigration patterns (i.e., Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans.)
    More people want to immigrate to the United States than are allowed by law.
    http://www.urban.org/publications/PublicationImages/305184/setfig1.jpg
  • 48. Global Environment
    Policies to protect the environment.
    Global climate change.
    Conservation of water and other natural resources.
    http://nsidc.org/quickfacts/images/iceberg_03.jpg
  • 49. Other Issues
    World health issues (global pandemics)
    http://media.economist.com/images/na/2009w18/Swine-01-05-09.gif