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Covers the information in VA SOL USII.5.

Covers the information in VA SOL USII.5.



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Usii.5 notes Usii.5 notes Presentation Transcript

  • USII.5: Late 19 th Century to World War I Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
  • Vocabulary
    • Yellow journalism : publishing of exaggerated and/or made up news stories to attract readers and influence their ideas.
    • Imperialism : practice of establishing and controlling colonies.
    • Dollar Diplomacy : U.S. policy in the early 1900’s of investing money in Latin American countries in the hopes that more stable governments would develop.
  • Vocabulary
    • Gunboat Diplomacy : policy of making a show of force to prevent both Latin American instability and European interference in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The Spanish American War
    • The United States emerged as a world power as a result of victory over Spain in the Spanish American War.
  • The Spanish American War
    • Economic interests and public opinion often influence U.S. involvement in international affairs.
  • Reasons for the Spanish American War
    • Protection of American business interests in Cuba.
    • What kinds of businesses was the U.S. trying to protect?
    • (coffee and sugar)
  • Reasons for the Spanish American War
    • American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain.
    • Why do you think Americans supported the Cuban rebels?
  • Reasons for the Spanish American War
    • "WARSHIP MAINE WAS BLOWN UP . . . HAVANA . . . FEB. 15 . .."
    • 16 February 1898, State Journal
    • Rising tensions as a result of the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
  • Reasons for the Spanish American War
    • Exaggerated news reports of events (yellow journalism)
  • Results of the Spanish American War
    • The United States emerged as a world power.
    • How did the United States emerge as a world power? Who did they defeat?
  • Results of the Spanish American War
    • Cuba gained independence from Spain.
  • Results of the Spanish American War
    • The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.
  • Results of the Spanish American War
  • Results of the Spanish American War Cuba Puerto Rico Philippines Guam
  • Vocabulary
    • Roosevelt Corollary : policy that extended the Monroe Doctrine and said the U.S. had the right to force countries in the Western Hemisphere to pay their debts in order to prevent European interference.
    • Rough Riders : a group of cowhands, college students, and African American soldiers who fought with Teddy Roosevelt in the Spanish American War, who charged San Juan Hill.
  • Vocabulary
    • Big Stick Diplomacy : Teddy Roosevelt’s belief that if you show that you are strong, no one will pick on you. “Big Stick” equaled a big navy.
    • Monroe Doctrine : President Monroe’s U.S. policy that no future European colonization could take place in North or South America.
  • The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    • Asserted the United States right to interfere in economic matters of nations in the Americas.
    • Claimed the United States right to exercise international police power.
  • The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    • Advocated Big Stick Diplomacy (building the Panama Canal)
    • How is the Roosevelt Corollary an example of the United States’ new position as a world power?
  • Vocabulary
    • Nationalism : feelings of loyalty and pride people have for their country.
    • Alliance : group of countries that share allegiance to each other through treaties.
    • Imperialism : nations built colonies in varied areas of the world which created resentment in other nations.
    • Lusitania : British passenger ship sunk by German u-boats in 1915. Americans were among the 1,200 who died.
  • Vocabulary
    • Balance of power : groups of countries that have equal power.
    • U-boats : German submarines.
    • Zimmerman note : document that showed that Germany was trying to make an alliance with Mexico in 1917.
    • Sussex Pledge : promise by Germany during WWI not to sink passenger or merchant ships.
  • Vocabulary
    • Treaty of Versailles : 1919; ended WWI.
    • League of Nations : peace keeping plan developed by Woodrow Wilson in 1920. It was point 14 of the 1918 Fourteen Points speech to Congress. It consisted of a General Assembly of representatives of countries who were required to protect one another’s territories against attack.
  • Vocabulary
    • Isolationism : the U.S. should not become involved in foreign affairs, nor should the U.S. allow other countries to become involved in our affairs.
    • Self-determination : people should decide for themselves what nation they belong to.
    • Reparations : money paid by defeated nations as payment for wrongs, damages, or injuries suffered by other nations during a war.
  • U.S. Involvement in World War I
    • The United States involvement in World War I ended a long tradition of avoiding involvement in European conflicts and set the stage for the United States to emerge as a global superpower later in the 20 th century.
    • There were disagreements about the extent to which the United States should isolate/separate itself from world affairs.
  • Reasons for U.S. involvement in war
    • Inability to remain neutral. (1917)
    • German submarine warfare: the sinking of the Lusitania . (1915)
    • U.S. political and economic ties to Great Britain.
  • Reasons for U.S. Involvement in war
    • The Zimmerman Telegram
    • This document showed that Germany was trying to make an alliance with Mexico in 1917.
    • Why was the telegram a threat to the U.S.? How is that threat depicted in the cartoon?
  • Major Allied Powers
    • Great Britain
  • Major Allied Powers
    • France
  • Major Allied Powers
    • Russia
  • Major Allied Powers
    • Serbia
  • Major Allied Powers
    • Belgium
  • Central Powers
    • Germany
  • Central Powers
    • Austria-Hungary
  • Central Powers
    • Bulgaria
  • Central Powers
    • Ottoman Empire
  • Allied Powers vs. Central Powers /~worldwarone/WWI/TheGeographyOfTheGreatWar/images/Figure19-Page22-sm.jpg
  • U.S. Leadership as the War Ended
    • At the end of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson prepared a peace plan known as the Fourteen Points that called for the formation of the League of Nations, a peace-keeping organization.
  • U.S. Leadership as the War Ended
    • The United States decided not to join the League of Nations.
    • Why did the U.S. decide not to join the League of Nations? Who did join? Is it really a peacekeeping organization if not all nations have joined? The opening session of the League of Nations.