Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools SOL USII.4c: Discrimination and Segregation
Essential Understandings Discrimination against African Americans continued after Reconstruction. “Jim Crow” laws institutionalized a system of legal segregations. African Americans differed in their responses to discrimination and “Jim Crow.”
Vocabulary Racial segregation: separation of people based on race. “Jim Crow” laws: an institutional system of legal segregation. Plessy v. Ferguson: 1896 ruling by the Supreme Court that legalized “separate but equal” public facilities for African Americans and thus continued to make discrimination legal.
Vocabulary Poll tax: a tax paid before a person is allowed to vote; similar to a registration fee. Literacy test: to show proof of the ability to read and write as a requirement before voting.
Racial segregation Based on race Directed primarily against African Americans, but other groups were also kept segregated American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924.
“Jim Crow” Laws “Jim Crow” laws were passed to discriminate against African Americans. Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states. Were characterized by unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government. http://literacyrules.com/Black%20History/TheJimCrowLaws-Front.jpg
African American Responses Booker T. Washington Believed equality could be achieved through vocational education; accepted social separation. http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=70963&rendTypeId=4
African American Responses W.E.B. Du Bois Believed in full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans. He believed those rights should be given to African Americans immediately. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/WEB_DuBois_1918.jpg/250px-WEB_DuBois_1918.jpg
Think About It… What is racial segregation? How were African Americans discriminated against? How did African Americans respond to discrimination and “Jim Crow?”