View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops crossed the 38 th parallel in a surprise attack on Seoul. They hoped to take the capital quickly. South Korea was ill prepared for the attack, and the move stunned the United States, who had no immediate plan of action.
By June 30 th , President Truman allowed General MacArthur to move two divisions (which consist of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers) into South Korea. MacArthur argued that he needed ground troops because bad weather made strategic bombing difficult, and only highly trained U.S. troops could run the heavy U.S. artillery.
http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/img/graphics/1143_l.jpg It was during the Korean War that US troops served in the first integrated units.
MacArthur devised a plan to capture Incheon (near Seoul) and cut off North Korea’s supply route. This plan was carried out in September of 1950. By September 27 th , the North Korean army was pushed out of Seoul and Syngman Rhee was restored to power.
MacArthur continued to try to antagonize the Chinese, against the wishes of the U.S.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff were afraid MacArthur would create a much larger conflict (possibly WWIII) and they decided to dismiss him. He was fired on April 11, 1951. The public did not agree with Truman, and MacArthur was welcomed home as a hero.
http://www.trumanlibrary.org/korea/111-SC-348438.jpg General MacArthur (center) observes the Incheon invasion.