9e key events

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SOL USI.9e updated for 2008

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9e key events

  1. 1. Civil War SOL US1.9e Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
  2. 2. Essential Knowledge <ul><li>Location and topography were critical elements influencing important developments in the Civil War, including major battles. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Words <ul><li>Topography: the features of an area such as landforms, elevation, and bodies of water. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>The firing on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, began the war. </li></ul>http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=4507&rendTypeId=4
  5. 5. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>The first Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) was the first MAJOR battle; the Confederate forces won. </li></ul>http://americancivilwar.com/bullrun.jpg Bull Run battle field
  6. 6. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war. Many freed slaves joined the Union army. </li></ul>http://www.classbrain.com/artteenst/uploads/emancipation-proclamation.jpg http://images.virtualology.com/images/5135.jpg
  7. 7. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>The Battle of Vicksburg in 1863 divided the South; the North controlled the Mississippi River. </li></ul>http://kms.kapalama.ksbe.edu/projects/2002/civilwar/battle20/images/jb_0519_vicksburg_1_e.jpg
  8. 8. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>In 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg became the turning point of the war; the North repelled Lee’s invasion. The Confederacy suffered such great losses at this battle that Lee’s army would never have the strength to invade the North again. </li></ul>http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/july/battle-gettysburg-1500.jpg
  9. 9. Major Battles and Events <ul><li>Lee’s surrender to Grant at the Appomattox Court House in 1865 ended the war. </li></ul>http://updatecenter.britannica.com/eb/image?binaryId=91475&rendTypeId=4 http://www.civil-war-journeys.org/images/Appomattox%20Court%20House.jpg
  10. 10. Influence of Location and Topography on Critical Developments in the War <ul><li>The Union blockage of southern ports (i.e., Savannah, Charleston, and New Orleans) </li></ul><ul><li>Control of the Mississippi River (Vicksburg) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle locations influenced by the struggle to capture capital cities (Richmond and Washington, D.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>Control of the high ground (Gettysburg) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Influence of Location and Topography on Critical Developments in the War http://www.loc.gov/teachers/preview/lessons/brady/samples/images/bheather.jpg The destruction in Richmond. Harbor artillery in Charleston. http://www.old-picture.com/civil-war/Charleston-Artillery-Harbor.htm http://www.old-picture.com/civil-war/Shermans-Burning-Atlanta-Troops.htm Sherman’s troops destroying rail lines in Atlanta.

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