9d key people

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SOL USI.9d updated for 2008

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9d key people

  1. 1. The Civil War SOL US1.9d Lisa Pennington Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
  2. 2. Essential Knowledge <ul><li>Lincoln and Lee were men who represented views of the nature of the United States that were very different, leading to an unavoidable conflict. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Words <ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation: order issued by President Lincoln in 1862 that freed enslaved people in areas controlled by the Confederacy; it made ending slavery a new goal for the North. </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg Address: in 1863, President Lincoln stated that the Civil War was fought to preserve the ideals upon which the U.S. was founded, a government of the people, by the people, and for the people. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Abraham Lincoln <ul><li>Was President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed the spread of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Issued the Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><li>Determined to preserve the Union-by force if necessary </li></ul>http://americancivilwar.com/north/lincoln_bw2.jpg
  5. 5. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Abraham Lincoln <ul><li>Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” </li></ul>http://aboutabrahamlincoln.com/Abraham_Lincoln_photo_portrait.jpg
  6. 6. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Jefferson Davis <ul><li>Was President of the Confederate States of America </li></ul>http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/graphic/large/JeffersonDavis.jpg
  7. 7. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Ulysses S. Grant <ul><li>Was general of the Union army that defeated Lee </li></ul>http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=1007&rendTypeId=4
  8. 8. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Robert E. Lee <ul><li>Was leader of the Army of Northern Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war but chose not to fight against Virginia </li></ul>http://www.old-picture.com/civil-war/pictures/General-Robert-E-Lee-001.jpg
  9. 9. Roles of Civil War Leaders : Robert E. Lee <ul><li>Opposed secession, but did not believe that the Union should be held together by force </li></ul><ul><li>Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on </li></ul>http://www.brotherswar.com/Robert_E_Lee-01.jpg
  10. 10. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson <ul><li>Was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Received his nickname because his men said “he stood like a stone wall” when bullets were fired close to him in battle </li></ul>http://sherpaguides.com/georgia/civil_war/atlanta/Gen_stonewall_jackson_52.jpg
  11. 11. Roles of Civil War Leaders: Frederick Douglass <ul><li>Was a former enslaved African American who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist </li></ul>http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/ellpatke/Images/frederick%20douglass%20old.jpg

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