SIGN LANGUAGESISKA HAYATIMELIA NESTI AYUELSI AMIZASARTIKA SYAMERGEBY FITRIA ADRIAN
A sign language interpreter is a trainedprofessional who facilitates communicationand conveys all auditory and signedinformation so that both hearing and deafindividuals may fully interact.
Sign Language is a language thatincorporates mime, and picture-like images to express and conveyabstract ideas and concepts.Also, it uses space and movementto convey meaning.
SIGN LANGUAGE INTERPRETING Sign language interpreting is provided for deafor hearing-impaired people who cannotunderstand the original speech. In the past those working with deaf people wereintent on teaching them to speak and signlanguage was frowned on. Nowadays, sign language is recognized as alanguage in its own right. Sign language usesgestures of the hands and the rest of the bodyincluding the face. Fingerspelling is used to supplement signing
facial expression, headmovements, and eye gaze are themedia that can be done tointerpret with sign language
While watching another personsign, it is appropriate to focus onthe signers face.
Fingerspelling is mainlyused to give names ofpeople, places, andidentify brands or movietitles.
You should always useyour dominant hand tosign. If you areambidextrous, choose onehand as your dominanthand and be consistent.
Fingerspelled loan signs are two tofive letter, commonly used wordsthat have their own unique patternsof movement. These movements aredifferent from regular fingerspelling.
When you see afingerspelled word you shouldtry to see the shape andmovement pattern of theword rather than try to seeeach letter.
When you fingerspell aword try to keep youhand slightly to the rightof your face and belowyour chin. Avoidbouncing each letter.
Fingerspelling is not a substitutefor a sign. Itdescribe, gesture, draw. Fingerspelling should be used as a lastresort.
To answer a question with anegative response, shake headnot, sign “no”, answer thequestion with the correctinformation, or sign “none” canbe done.
Some strategies to help you communicatewith sign language:1. Let people know you can sign2. Let people set the communication pattern tobe used3. Avoid talking (voicing) in the presence of aDeaf person without signingAvoid “eyedropping” on other people signing
SIGN LANGUAGE HAND FORMATIONSHand shapeHand locationHand movementHand orientation
HELPFUL GUIDANCE TO BE REMEMBEREDWHILE USING INTERPRETING SERVICES: Speak DirectlyBecause the interpreter is in theclassroom to facilitate communication forboth the listener and instructor, speak directlyto listener/receiver and maintaincommunication with the listener/receiver. Theinterpreter may request clarification from youand/or the receiver to ensure accuracy of theinformation conveyed.
Spell Out Technical Words.It is helpful to have technical terms orjargon relating to a particular discipline orconcept to be spelled or written out, either onthe chalkboard, an overhead projector, aclass handout, or with some other visual aid.
Speak at a Reasonable Pace.Interpreters normally interpret with a timelag of one or two sentences after thespeaker because interpreters must firstprocess the information before relaying it.Speak naturally at a modest pace, keeping inmind that the interpreter must listenandunderstand a complete thought beforesigning it.
Repeat or Paraphrase Questions andResponses.When questions are asked, be sure torepeator paraphrase questions before a responseis given. Likewise, responses should also berepeated or paraphrased.
OTHER POINTERS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING Expectations Universal Design for Learning Guided Notes on the Web Collaboration