Verbs• Verbs are the most important words in a sentence• Every sentence must have at least one verb• Verbs can change in several ways• They can be in the past, present or future tense• I run, I will run, I ran, I am running, I was running, I will be running
• They can also change depending on who is doing the action I run You run He runs I am You are He is We are
Active and passive verbs• This is another way in which verbs can change.• They can be in the active or the passive voice.• Many verbs can be used in both forms.
Sentences containing active verbs are clear and easy to understand.In these sentences the verb is active.• The dog bit the man.• The family watched Coronation Street.• David telephoned Emily. In these sentences the subject of the sentence performs an action.
The dog bit the man.In this sentence the dog is the subject. The sentence is about him.The verb is bit.The man is the person who has the action done to him. This is called the object of the sentence.
The man was bitten by the dog.• This sentence is in the passive voice.• The person who has the action done to him becomes the subject.• He does not do the action (Man bites dog would be rather unusual).• The action is done to him.
Clues to help you spot a passive verb.• Look for the words by or by the in the sentence.• Here are some more passive sentences.• Coronation Street was watched by the family.• Emily was phoned by David.• The computer was repaired by the engineer.
To change sentences from passive to activeThe computer was The engineer repaired repaired by the engineer. the computer. Look for the verb Find the person or thing doing the action (the word by gives you a clue) Make that person or thing the subject of the sentence. Describe what he or she does. Finish the sentence by saying who or what they do it to.
Passive to Active.• The disco was The parents organised organised by the the disco. parents.The goldfish was eaten The cat ate the goldfish. by the cat. Active sentences are usually shorter and easier to understand.
To change sentences from active to passiveGoldilocks ate the The porridge was eaten by porridge. Goldilocks.Find the verb.Find the person or thing having the action done to itMake that person or thing the subject of your sentence.Change the verb so that the subject is having the action done to it.Use by or by the to finish the sentence.