1	 Classification of the Antibiotics

b-Lactam antibiotics
Benzylpenicillins Phenoxy­penicillins 	
(oral penicillins)

Pen...
    Classification of the Antibiotics

Cephalosporins Cephalosporins 	
(first generation) (second 	
generation)

Cephalosp...
Classification of the Antibiotics    

I: 	 Indications essentially limited to UTI
II: 	 Widely indicated
III: 	Improved a...
    Classification of the Antibiotics

Lipopeptides

Epoxides

Polymyxins

Daptomycin

Fosfomycin

Colistin
(polymyxin E)
...
http://www.springer.com/978-3-642-18401-7
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9783642184017 c1

  1. 1. 1 Classification of the Antibiotics b-Lactam antibiotics Benzylpenicillins Phenoxy­penicillins (oral penicillins) Penicillinase- resistant penicillins (anti-staphylococcal penicillins) Penicillin G (benzylpenicillin sodium, procaine benzylpenicillin, benzathine peni­cillin) Penicillin V Propicillin Oxacillin Dicloxacillin Flucloxacillin Aminobenzyl­ penicillins Ureidopenicillins (broad-spectrum penicillins) ß-Lactam/ ß-lactamase inhibitors Ampicillin Amoxicillin Mezlocillin Piperacillin Ampicillin/­ sulbactam Amoxicillin/­ clavu­lanate Piperacillin/ tazobactam Sulbactam in free combinations
  2. 2.     Classification of the Antibiotics Cephalosporins Cephalosporins (first generation) (second generation) Cephalosporins (third and fourth generation) Cefazolin Cefalexin (oral) Cefadroxil (oral) Cefuroxime Cefotiam Cefuroxime axetil Cefaclor (oral) Loracarbef Cefotaxime Ceftriaxone Ceftazidime Cefepime Cefixime (oral) Cefpodoxime proxetil (oral) Ceftibuten (oral) Monobactams Carbapenems b-Lactamase inhibitors Aztreonam Imipenem Meropenem Ertapenem Doripenem Clavulanic acid Sulbactam Tazobactam Other substances Aminoglycosides Tetracyclines Quinolones Streptomycin Gentamicin Tobramycin Netilmicin Amikacin Group I: Norfloxacin Tetracycline Doxycycline Minocycline Group II: Enoxacin Ofloxacin Ciprofloxacin Group III: Levofloxacin Group IV: Moxifloxacin
  3. 3. Classification of the Antibiotics    I: Indications essentially limited to UTI II: Widely indicated III: Improved activity against Gram-positive and atypical pathogens IV: Further enhanced activity against Gram-positive and atypical pathogens, also against anaerobic bacteria Lincosamides Azol derivatives Nitroimidazoles Clindamycin Miconazole Ketoconazole Fluconazole Itraconazole Voriconazole Posaconazole Metronidazole Glycopeptide antibiotics Macrolides Polyenes Vancomycin Teicoplanin Telavancin Erythromycin Spiramycin Roxithromycin Clarithromycin Azithromycin Amphotericin B Nystatin Glycylcyclines Echinocandins Tigecycline Caspofungin Anidulafungin Micafungin Streptogramines Ketolides Oxazolidinones Quinupristin/ dalfopristin Linezolid Telithromycin
  4. 4.     Classification of the Antibiotics Lipopeptides Epoxides Polymyxins Daptomycin Fosfomycin Colistin (polymyxin E) Polymyxin B Ansamycins Rifampicin
  5. 5. http://www.springer.com/978-3-642-18401-7

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