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Open Source Software and Libraries

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Video of this presentation is at: http://www.viddler.com/explore/sirexkat/videos/21/ …

Video of this presentation is at: http://www.viddler.com/explore/sirexkat/videos/21/

An introductory level session that defines Open Source, outlines how it fits in with library philosophies and practice in order to help library staff make informed decisions about Open Source software for their libraries.

Includes:
1. Definition of Open Source
2. Open Source as a licence
3. Open Source as software development method
4. Widely used Open Source Software
5. Who is using Open Source Software?
6. Library Specific Open Source Software
7. Barriers and benefits for Open Source Software.

Presented as a 30 minute session at the VALA 2010 conference "L Plates" session, Melbourne Australia, 8 February 2010.

Published in: Technology, Education

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Transcript

  • 1. Open Source Software
    and
    Libraries
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 2. Kathryn Greenhill
    LibrariansMatter.com
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 3. VALA 2010
    “L” Plates workshops
    Melbourne, Australia
    February 2010
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 4. Where to today?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 5. Where to today?
    Know what Open Source is
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 6. Where to today?
    Understand how Open Source fits in with libraries
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 7. Where to today?
    So you can make informed decisions about Open Source in your library
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 8. Where to today?
    An imperfect analogy
    Open Source definition
    Open Source as a type of license
    Open Source as a software development method
    Open Source software you probably use right now...
    Library specific Open Source software
    Barriers and benefits of using Open Source
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 9. An imperfect analogy
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 10. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 11. Group A does it this way...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 12. Group A does it this way...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 13. Group B does it this way...
    Tomato sauce making, 2006, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AU6c__Q-uL0&feature=youtube_gdata.
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 14. Group B does it this way...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 15. Can you...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 16. Change the recipe if the grandkids want less garlic ?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 17. What if...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 18. You don’t have time to learn how to cook?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 19. What if...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 20. Your grocery budget is cut ?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 21. If your neighbour wants to help with making it...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 22. ...can she?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 23. Could you share what you learned by doing this...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 24. ...with people in developing nations?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 25. Mr Newman vsNonna
    Recipe - Flexibility and control
    Time - Skills cost
    Budgeting - Pre-determined price
    Neighbour - Community effort
    Developing World - Altruism
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 26. As a license
  • 27. Proprietary license
    Pay for license
    Number of users restricted
    No access to Source Code
    Modifications by company based on priorities not determined by individual customer
  • 28.
  • 29. 1. Free Redistribution
  • 30. A bit about “free”
  • 31.
  • 32. free if the source code is free to use, distribute, modify and study
  • 33. FLOSS
  • 34. 1. Free Redistribution
    2. Source Code
  • 35. What is source code?
  • 36. 1. Free Redistribution
    2. Source Code
    3. Derived Works
    4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
    5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
    6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavour
    7. Distribution of License
    8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
    9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
    10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 37.
  • 38. Open Source values and library values
  • 39. 1. Free Redistribution
    2. Source Code
    3. Derived Works
    4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
    5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
    6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavour
    7. Distribution of License
    8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
    9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
    10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 40. 1. Free Redistribution
    2. Source Code
    3. Derived Works
    4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
    5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
    6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavour
    7. Distribution of License
    8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
    9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
    10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 41. 1. Free Redistribution
    2. Source Code
    3. Derived Works
    4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code
    5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
    6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavour
    7. Distribution of License
    8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
    9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software
    10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 42. As a development method
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 43. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 44. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
    http://source.android.com/submit-patches/workflow
  • 45. Original created
    Codebase released
    Versions controlled
    Bugs tracked
    Testing
    Documentation
    Keeps developing
  • 46. Key ideas of FLOSS development
    Release Early, Release Often
    Many eyes make all bugs shallow
    Peer review
    Developer/User relationship
  • 47. An example - Koha
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 48.
  • 49. http://www.ohloh.net/p/koha
  • 50. USD 8 332 671
    http://www.ohloh.net/p/koha
  • 51.
  • 52. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 53. Map provided as a service of Library Technology Guides. Data from lib-web-cats. http://www.librarytechnology.org/map.pl?ILS=Koha. Marshall Breeding (accessed 1 February 2010)
  • 54. Map provided as a service of Library Technology Guides. Data from lib-web-cats. http://www.librarytechnology.org/map.pl?ILS=Koha. Marshall Breeding (accessed 1 February 2010)
  • 55. Cost comparison for Horowhenua Library Trust
    http://library-matters.blogspot.com/2009/12/cost-effectiveness-of-open-source-for.html
  • 56. Cost comparison for Horowhenua Library Trust
    http://library-matters.blogspot.com/2009/12/cost-effectiveness-of-open-source-for.html
  • 57. USD 8 332 671
    http://www.ohloh.net/p/koha
  • 58. Oversimplified picture
  • 59. You are already using OSS
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 60. LinuxOperating System
  • 61. ApacheWeb Server
  • 62. MySQLDatabase
  • 63. phpProgramming Language
  • 64. FirefoxWeb browser
  • 65. Who else uses FLOSS ?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 66. Denmark (April 2011)
    National Library of Australia
    Library of Congress
    The White House
    Google
    Albany Senior High School, Auckland
    Northeast Kansas Library System
  • 67. FLOSS tools for productivity
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 68. Open OfficeWordprocessor, spreadsheet, database, presentations, drawing, equations
  • 69. WordpressContent Management
  • 70. DrupalContent Management System
  • 71. Media WikiWiki
  • 72. GIMPImage Manipulation
  • 73. dimdimWeb conferencing
  • 74. ZimbraEmail system
  • 75. PidginInstant Messaging
  • 76. AudacityAudio editor
  • 77. VLCMedia player
  • 78. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 79. Have you ever changed the way you do something in your library...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 80. ... because of what your library software could not do?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 81. FLOSS tools for libraries
  • 82. Library Management Systems
  • 83. Library Management Systems
    PHPMyLibrary
  • 84. Library Management Systems
  • 85. Discovery layers
  • 86. Federated Search
  • 87. Digital resources management
  • 88. Digital resources management
  • 89. Journal publishing
    Open Journal Systems
  • 90. Statistics
  • 91. Citation Management
  • 92. Library toolbar
  • 93. So...what’s stopping us?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 94. Skills
  • 95. Eric Lease Morgan’s list of Skills for libraries using Open Source
    Collections
    Organization
    Preservation
    Public service
    Relational databases
    XML
    Indexing, and programming.
  • 96. Cost
  • 97. Perceived accountability
  • 98. Centralised IT
  • 99. Maturity of products
  • 100. Consortia
  • 101. Proprietary software monopolies
  • 102. What users have at home
  • 103. Cloud computing and SAAS
  • 104. Closed hardware
  • 105. What would we gain by using FLOSS?
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 106. Skills
  • 107. Flexibility
  • 108. Control
  • 109. Nimbleness
  • 110. Accountability
  • 111. Budgetarycontrol
  • 112. Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 113. All software needs...
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 114. ...to fit the purpose and the organisation
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 115. Thank you
    Kathryn Greenhill http://librariansmatter.com
  • 116. Media credits
    Slide 1 Cindy Seigle, Crawling With Amish, July 2, 2009, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/cindy47452/3682949582/
    Slide 4 Paul Moody, lily looks down the road less traveled, April 5, 2007, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulmoody/447255719/.
    Slide 10 Joey Rozier, Mom's Spaghetti Sauce, November 20, 2005, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrjoro/65708536/.
    Slide 14 Tomato sauce making, 2006, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AU6c__Q-uL0&feature=youtube_gdata.
    Slide 31 Beer Girt http://www.flickr.com/photos/vermininc/3224518385/ Uploaded to Flickr on January 25, 2009 by Vermin Inc
    Slide 31 EFF_icon_spch http://www.flickr.com/photos/hughelectronic/2246983607/ Uploaded to Flickr on February 7, 2008 by hughelectronic
    Slide 31 Perhaps the cutest kitten in the world. http://www.flickr.com/photos/clevergrrl/218312595/ Uploaded to Flickr on August 18, 2006 by Clevergrrl
    Slide 37 Brian Herzog, Free as in Library, October 8, 2009, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/herzogbr/3993439584/.
    Slide 43 Peg, new desk, August 2, 2005, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/julep67/32444335/