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Hacking the public library: from print curators to digital co-creators

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Keynote for Day Two of the V Congreso Nacional de Bibliotecas Públicas in Gijon, Spain, on 4 November 2010. …

Keynote for Day Two of the V Congreso Nacional de Bibliotecas Públicas in Gijon, Spain, on 4 November 2010.

For the videos shown during this presentation, please see: http://librariansmatter.com/blog/output/keynote-for-v-congreso-nacional-de-bibliotecas-publicas-movies-slides-and-written-paper/ .

Here is the abstract:

HACKING THE PUBLIC LIBRARY: from print curators to digital content creators.

Public library staff worldwide are embracing the spirit of hackerdom by taking matters into their own hands and creating their own digital platforms, tools and content to better connect people and information. Libraries are creating online environments that connect the stories of their local communities. They are creating social layers in their catalogues. They are exposing their data to remix and repurposing.

Hacking is a nimble, creative act of using existing elements to better serve a new purpose. Hacking includes the following practices - finding new uses and combinations for existing elements; exhibiting high technical skill and going beyond expectations; playing creatively; building freely on the efforts of others; and, finally, working collaboratively in community

In this keynote, Kathryn Greenhill examines what public librarians can learn from four of our colleagues who are already hacking the public library, and how these hacking principles can be used to repurpose our public libraries as we move from curation and access of content to collaborations with our local communities to produce local digital content.

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  • 1. Hacking the Public Library
  • 2. From print curators to digital creators
  • 3. Kathryn Greenhill November 2010
  • 4. LibrariansMatter.com
  • 5. About inspiration
  • 6. que comienza con...
  • 7. prejuzgado
  • 8. Hacking != Piratería
  • 9. Hacking != Piratage
  • 10. Where to today ?
  • 11. Public libraries need to learn from hackers...
  • 12. ...to nimbly and creatively change …
  • 13. … to meet our users’ needs.
  • 14. 1. Characteristics of hacking
  • 15. 2. Library hacking projects
  • 16. 3. Hacking the public library... from curation to co-creation
  • 17. 1. Characteristics of hacking
  • 18. OR
  • 19. Hackers inspire me
  • 20. MIT HACKERS
  • 21. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • 22. HACKER: A person who enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems and how to stretch their capabilities, as opposed to most users, who prefer to learn only the minimum necessary • (The Jargon File v4.4.7, 2003)
  • 23. HACKER ETHICS
  • 24. 1.Access to computers—and anything which might teach you something about the way the world works—should be unlimited and total.Always yield to the Hands-On Imperative!
  • 25. 2.All information should be free.
  • 26. 3. Mistrust authority—promote decentralization.
  • 27. 4. Hackers should be judged by their hacking, not criteria such as degrees, age, race, sex, or position.
  • 28. 5.You can create art and beauty on a computer.
  • 29. 6. Computers can change your life for the better.
  • 30. •Free information •Access •Treating all equally •Changing lives for the better
  • 31. WHITE HATS and BLACK HATS
  • 32. CSIRAC sings!
  • 33. CRACTRO and DEMOSCENE
  • 34. LIBRARIAN
  • 35. LIBRARIAN + CRACKTRO =
  • 36. HACKING the EVERYDAY
  • 37. Sugar Powered Russian Rocket Szczys, M. (2010, October 3). Hackaday links: October 3, 2010. Hack a Day. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://hackaday.com/2010/10/03/hackaday-links-october-3-2010/
  • 38. Wooden computer case Szczys, M. (2010, October 3). Hackaday links: October 3, 2010. Hack a Day. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://hackaday.com/2010/10/03/hackaday-links-october-3-2010/
  • 39. Lego machine that types on a keyboard Szczys, M. (2010, October 3). Hackaday links: October 3, 2010. Hack a Day. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://hackaday.com/2010/10/03/hackaday-links-october-3-2010/
  • 40. Band made from old computer parts Szczys, M. (2010, October 3). Hackaday links: October 3, 2010. Hack a Day. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://hackaday.com/2010/10/03/hackaday-links-october-3-2010/
  • 41. Cat climbing shelf Pretty Kitty Potty. (2010, March 26). IKEA Hacker. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://ikeahacker.blogspot.com/2010/05/pretty-kitty-potty.html
  • 42. Cat climbing shelf Pretty Kitty Potty. (2010, March 26). IKEA Hacker. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://ikeahacker.blogspot.com/2010/05/pretty-kitty-potty.html
  • 43. Cat climbing shelf in one compact Billy. (2010, February 26). IKEA Hacker. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://ikeahacker.blogspot.com/2010/02/cat-climbing-shelf-in-one-compact-billy.html
  • 44. Hack of a Lack holding Cat. (2010, July 6). IKEA. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from http://ikeahacker.blogspot.com/2010/07/hack-of-lack-holding-cat.html
  • 45. LEARNING from HACKERS
  • 46. “ Everyone could gain something by the use of thinking computers in an intellectually automated world. And wouldn’t everyone benefit even more by approaching the world with the same inquisitive intensity, scepticism toward bureaucracy, openness to creativity, unselfishness in sharing accomplishments, urge to make improvements, and desire to build as those who followed the Hacker Ethic?” (Levy, 2010, p. 37)
  • 47. FIVE PRACTICES
  • 48. 1. Finding new uses and combinations for existing elements
  • 49. 2. Exhibiting high technical skill and going beyond expectations
  • 50. 3. Playing creatively
  • 51. 4. Building freely on the efforts of others
  • 52. 5. Releasing early and often and accepting perpetual beta
  • 53. 6. Working collaboratively in community
  • 54. 2. Library hacking projects
  • 55. OR
  • 56. Library hackers inspire me
  • 57. •Tiny rural library trust •Single branch semi-urban library •Consortium for a province •National library
  • 58. Size does not matterC
  • 59. Attitude mattersC
  • 60. Longer movies LibrariansMatter.com At http://librariansmatter.com/blog/output/keynote-for-v-congreso-nacional-de-bibliotecas-publicas-movies-slides-and-written-paper/
  • 61. Eight minutes each talking about •The project •Hacking •Hacking and libraries •Public libraries as digital content creators
  • 62. 1. Finding new uses and combinations for existing elements
  • 63. Kris DeWinter
  • 64. Provinciaal Bibliotheekcentrum Vrieselhof, Belgium
  • 65. WORDPRESS + AQUABROWSER = PUBLIC LIBRARYWEB PRESENCE
  • 66. OPEN SOURCE BLOGGING SOFTWARE + COMMERCIAL DISCOVERY LAYER = PUBLIC LIBRARYWEB PRESENCE
  • 67. 2. Exhibiting high technical skill and going beyond expectations
  • 68. 3. Playing creatively
  • 69. Paul Hagon
  • 70. National Library of Australia
  • 71. http://ll04.nla.gov.au/
  • 72. http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/flickr/sv-index.php
  • 73. 4. Building freely on the efforts of others
  • 74. Jo Ransom
  • 75. Horowhenua Library Trust
  • 76. Every one U.S. dollar invested by HLT
  • 77. 71 U.S. dollars in programming from others
  • 78. 5. Releasing early and often and accepting perpetual beta
  • 79. 6.Working collaboratively in community
  • 80. 3. Hacking the public library... from curation to co-creation
  • 81. OR
  • 82. Public libraries inspire me
  • 83. ...and I want them to continue
  • 84. WHAT ABOUT THE SHOEBOX ?
  • 85. “ A public library is an organisation established, supported and funded by the community, either through local, regional or national government or through some other form of community organisation. It provides access to knowledge, information, lifelong learning, and works of the imagination through a range of resources and services and is equally available to all members of the community regardless of race, nationality, age, gender, religion, language, disability, economic and employment status and educational attainment “.
  • 86. “ A public library is an organisation established, supported and funded by the community, either through local, regional or national government or through some other form of community organisation. It provides access to knowledge, information, lifelong learning, and works of the imagination through a range of resources and services and is equally available to all members of the community regardless of race, nationality, age, gender, religion, language, disability, economic and employment status and educational attainment “.
  • 87. It provides access to knowledge, information, lifelong learning, and works of the imagination through a range of resources and services and is equally available to all members of the community
  • 88. •Access •Community •Equality •Literacy
  • 89. •Access •Community •Equality •Literacy
  • 90. Usage
  • 91. Usage + Producing
  • 92. Usage + Producing = Produsage
  • 93. ... the production of ideas takes place in a collaborative, participatory environment which breaks down the boundaries between producers and consumers and instead enables all participants to be users as well as producers of information and knowledge, or what I have come to call produsers. Axel Bruns, Blogs, Wikipedia, Second life, and Beyond : from production to produsage (New York: Peter Lang, 2008).
  • 94. These produsers engage not in a traditional form of content production, but are instead involved in produsage - the collaborative and continuous building and extending of existing content in pursuit of further improvement. Axel Bruns, Blogs, Wikipedia, Second life, and Beyond : from production to produsage (New York: Peter Lang, 2008).
  • 95. •Access •Community •Equality •Literacy
  • 96. KETE
  • 97. THREE CHALLENGES
  • 98. • Jo movie 2
  • 99. • Jo movie 2 convergence
  • 100. • Jo movie 2
  • 101. • Jo movie 2generics
  • 102. • Jo movie 2
  • 103. • Jo movie 2 local
  • 104. THANK YOU
  • 105. Media credits • Guignard, T. (2010). Gateway. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/timtom/4661435492/ • Paul Moody, lily looks down the road less traveled, April 5, 2007, Flickr, http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulmoody/447255719/. • Robert. (2007). Old Kennington's Department Store Shoebox. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/smokey_blue/1154105952/ • S, S. (2009). Devotion. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/32834181@N00/4177427393/ • Cindi. (2008). Joann Ransom. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/trucolorsfly/3009942334/ • Kit. (2009). 262: Arrrrrrrrrr! Talk like a pirate day!. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/practicalowl/3933514241/ • Hanson, J. (2010). P5190013. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaredhanson/4622985829/ • Mosman Library (2007) Mosman Voices. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/mosmanlibrary/443248720/ • Cindi. (2008). John Blyberg. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/trucolorsfly/2636007498/ • CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer) Taken by John O'Neill http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CSIRAC-Pano,-Melb.-Museum,-12.8.2008.jpg
  • 106. Media credits • Chad. (2009a). 03/11/09. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/hiddenpeanuts/3348617428/ • Chad. (2009b). 06/03/09. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/hiddenpeanuts/3592497450/ • Fotos_von_Carlos. (2010). Breakpoint 2010. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/42177787@N04/4483964351/ • Schmidt, K. (2006). macronaut hub remix. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/toxi/106722057/ • Chad. (2009). Ms. Pac-Man proposal. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/hiddenpeanuts/3591308306/ • Hagon, P. (2009). Made it. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulhagon/3491273978/ (used with permission of the author) • Image of Kris De Winter (2010) private collection used with permission of the author.
  • 107. Media credits • Foster, G. (2008). David Vs Goliath. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregfoster/2834857578/ • Foster, G. (2008). 2 Against 1. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregfoster/2841912582/ • D, S. (2008). Symmetrical convergence. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/earthwatcher/3109447645/ • Blyberg, J. (2009). Recent Returns Display. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jblyberg/3491558994/ • Blyberg, J. (2010). Information Service Desk Paging Screen Configuration. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jblyberg/5104855713/ • Blyberg, J. (2010). PNS alerts on iPad. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jblyberg/5104464847/ • AUDIO: Recreation of CSIRAC playing “Colonel Bogey March” by Paul Doornbusch http://www.csirac.info/music/3.html Used with permission of the author.

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