Luftwaffe Senior Officer   Service College Luftwaffe TARGETING The Only Thing We Feel  When We Kill Is The Recoil
Training Objective <ul><li>Identify the purpose of the targeting process.  </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the definition of a ...
AGENDA <ul><li>Targeting </li></ul><ul><li>D3A </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting & MDMP  </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting Products </...
Targeting <ul><li>Part of the Military Decision-Making Process (MDMP) used to  focus  the Battlefield Operating Systems to...
OR IN SIMPLER TERMS ... ... WITH SO MUCH TO ATTACK AND SO LITTLE TIME (AND SPACE AND ASSETS, etc.)… WHAT DO WE ATTACK WHEN...
An enemy function, formation, equipment, facility or terrain planned for capture, destruction, neutralization or degradati...
<ul><li>Disrupt - Break Apart, Disturb Or Interrupt An Enemy Function. </li></ul><ul><li>Delay  - Slow The Arrival Of A Un...
Targeting Team <ul><li>The KG commander is responsible for the targeting effort.  He typically delegates the overall manag...
Decide Detect Deliver Assess D 3 A Targeting Cycle
DECIDE <ul><li>The decision function determines the priorities that apply to the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What tar...
<ul><li>Tremendous emphasis must be made during Mission Analysis for timeliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Refined throughout proc...
During the initial Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) effort; doctrinal templates are produced to aid in in...
<ul><li>Situation, event and decision support templates  are developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Named Areas of Interest (NAI) ar...
<ul><li>Intelligence collection plan:  - supports the acquisition of HPTs and answers the Commander’s Priority Intelligenc...
<ul><li>HPTL identifies the HPTs for a specific point in the battle in the order of their priority </li></ul><ul><li>Targe...
<ul><li>HPTL are used by the operations, intelligence, and fire support cells as a planning tool in: </li></ul><ul><li>a. ...
<ul><li>Provides the attack manager a ready reference </li></ul><ul><li>with which to evaluate assets abilities that repor...
HPTL ATTACK/SYSTEM TLE/ACQ TIME 13 th  Legion Formation <1 km / 10 min Berry-Bac Air Field 100 km / 2 hrs Antwerp Harbor F...
<ul><li>War-gaming yields several decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Targets will be disrupted, delayed or limited </li></ul...
<ul><li>Addresses what priority HPTs are attacked, when, how and with any restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of colum...
13th RESERVE BN  I  AVN BDE  D  INTENT: ATK RES available in 1 hr Phase/Event:  Attack through the security zone HPTL  WHE...
DETECT <ul><li>Collection Mgr supervises execution of </li></ul><ul><li>collection plan at each level and assists subordin...
<ul><li>Intelligence drives the collection effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on detecting and tracking targets  </li></ul...
<ul><li>Delivery: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maneuver Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naval Surface Fires </li></ul></ul><ul><...
DELIVER <ul><li>Primary objective is the attack of targets IAW AGM </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers are met. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>Attacking of targets must satisfy attack guidance  developed in the decide function and identified / tracked durin...
Combat Assessment <ul><li>Staff conducts Combat Assessment (CA) </li></ul><ul><li>CA determines overall effectiveness of f...
Targeting and the Military Decision Making Process
TARGETING AND MDMP RECEIPT OF MSN/MSN ANALYSIS COA DEVELOPMENT (CONCEPT OF FIRES, COMPARISION & WARGAME) DECIDE DETECT DEL...
<ul><li>Combat Assessment (CA) is the determination of the effectiveness of </li></ul><ul><li>force employment during mili...
COMBAT ASSESSMENT (CA) <ul><li>At the tactical level, commanders use BDA to get a series of timely and accurate snapshots ...
Luftwaffe TARGETING
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Luftwaffe Targeting

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  • Note to instructor . Show Slide 1 and 2. In order to advise your commander on all aspects of fire support, you must understand that successful targeting requires: 1) an understanding of the functions associated with the targeting process 2) the knowledge of the capabilities and limitations of organic and supporting TA and attack systems 3) The ability to synchronize BOS horizontally within their own command posts and vertically with higher and lower echelons.
  • Luftwaffe Targeting

    1. 1. Luftwaffe Senior Officer Service College Luftwaffe TARGETING The Only Thing We Feel When We Kill Is The Recoil
    2. 2. Training Objective <ul><li>Identify the purpose of the targeting process. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the definition of a target. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify targeting objectives commonly used to describe effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the steps of the Targeting Process </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the definition of a High Value Target (HVT). </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the definition of a High Payoff Target (HPT). </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the types of systems used to detect and track targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the types of systems used to attack targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the key personnel of the Targeting Process </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the primary personnel in the Targeting Team. </li></ul>
    3. 3. AGENDA <ul><li>Targeting </li></ul><ul><li>D3A </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting & MDMP </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting Products </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    4. 4. Targeting <ul><li>Part of the Military Decision-Making Process (MDMP) used to focus the Battlefield Operating Systems to achieve the commander’s intent. </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Process of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying enemy targets to attack/track. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine what acquisition asset to find the target. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the appropriate attack system to be used to capture destroy, degrade or neutralize the targets in question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess if we did the job. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on identifying resources that the </li></ul><ul><li>enemy can least afford to lose. </li></ul><ul><li>Denying these resources to the enemy strips </li></ul><ul><li>him of the initiative; forces him to conform to </li></ul><ul><li>friendly battle plans. </li></ul>
    5. 5. OR IN SIMPLER TERMS ... ... WITH SO MUCH TO ATTACK AND SO LITTLE TIME (AND SPACE AND ASSETS, etc.)… WHAT DO WE ATTACK WHEN DO WE ATTACK HOW DO WE FIND IT HOW DO WE ATTACK IT WITH SYNCHRONIZED FIRES AND MANEUVER DID WE ANSWER THE QUESTION AND ACHIEVE THE COMMANDER'S INTENT?
    6. 6. An enemy function, formation, equipment, facility or terrain planned for capture, destruction, neutralization or degradation in order to disrupt, delay or limit the enemy A Target Is….
    7. 7. <ul><li>Disrupt - Break Apart, Disturb Or Interrupt An Enemy Function. </li></ul><ul><li>Delay - Slow The Arrival Of A Unit (Formation) On The Battlefield. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit - Restrict Where The Enemy Will Pursue A COA </li></ul><ul><li>Damage - used to reflect the subjective or objective assessment of battle damage or to describe nuclear targeting objectives i.e. light, moderate, or severe. </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy – Commander Must Quantify Percentage of target meets destruction criteria </li></ul>- . Targeting Objectives
    8. 8. Targeting Team <ul><li>The KG commander is responsible for the targeting effort. He typically delegates the overall management of the targeting team to the Executive Officer (XO), KG Chief of Staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Key KG Staff Members: </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Operations Officer </li></ul><ul><li>FSCOORD or Fire Support Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting Officer </li></ul><ul><li>Air Liaison Officer </li></ul><ul><li>KG Special Staff Officers: </li></ul><ul><li>Staff weather officer (SWO) </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Liaison Officer (ANV LNO) </li></ul><ul><li>Air defense officer (ADAO) </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Unit intelligence officer </li></ul><ul><li>Naval gunfire liaison officer (NGLO) </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison officers (LNOs) of major subordinate commanders </li></ul>
    9. 9. Decide Detect Deliver Assess D 3 A Targeting Cycle
    10. 10. DECIDE <ul><li>The decision function determines the priorities that apply to the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What targets should be attacked? When? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What TA assets are available to be tasked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the Information processing flow to ensure the right people get it timely. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What attack means should be selected? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The requirement for post attack assessment. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Tremendous emphasis must be made during Mission Analysis for timeliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Refined throughout process. </li></ul><ul><li>The decisions made in this function are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What targets should be a acquired and attacked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where and when the targets will likely be found and who can locate them? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should the targets be attacked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is target damage assessment required? </li></ul></ul>THE DECIDE FUNCTION TARGETING & MDMP
    12. 12. During the initial Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) effort; doctrinal templates are produced to aid in initial identification of potential High Value Targets. High value targets (HVT) are those assets the enemy commander requires for the successful completion of his mission. IPB and Targeting High payoff targets (HPT) are those HVTs that must be acquired and successfully attacked for the success of the friendly commander’s mission
    13. 13. <ul><li>Situation, event and decision support templates are developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Named Areas of Interest (NAI) are identified to confirm or deny the enemy’s particular Course of Action (COA) </li></ul><ul><li>Decision points, HPTs are identified to better focus on specific critical activities, events or assets. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Observation Plans and Requests for Information (RFI) to ensure critical areas are watched. </li></ul>IPB and Targeting
    14. 14. <ul><li>Intelligence collection plan: - supports the acquisition of HPTs and answers the Commander’s Priority Intelligence Reports (PIR) </li></ul><ul><li>Target Selection Standards (TSS) : addresses </li></ul><ul><li>accuracy or other specific criteria that must be met </li></ul><ul><li>before attacking the target </li></ul><ul><li>Attack Guidance Matrix (AGM): addresses which </li></ul><ul><li>targets will be attacked, how, when, and the desired </li></ul><ul><li>effects </li></ul>Decide Tools and Products
    15. 15. <ul><li>HPTL identifies the HPTs for a specific point in the battle in the order of their priority </li></ul><ul><li>Target value is usually the greatest contributing factor but other considerations may include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>order of occurrence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ability to locate and ID targets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>degree of accuracy of Tactical Attack systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ability to engage and defeat the target </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>resources required to achieve all of the above </li></ul></ul></ul>High Payoff Target List
    16. 16. <ul><li>HPTL are used by the operations, intelligence, and fire support cells as a planning tool in: </li></ul><ul><li>a. Determining attack guidance </li></ul><ul><li>b. Developing the collection plan </li></ul><ul><li>c. Determining when and with what urgency a target should be attacked </li></ul>High Payoff Target PRIORITY CATEGORY DESCRIPTION 1 8 N/CH (TS) Enemy Factories 2 1 C3 (TS) Command and Control Facilities 3 2 FS (TS) Enemy Harbors 4 2 FS Enemy Air Fields 5 1 C3 FBs and Army Bases 6 3 MAN Enemy Formations EXAMPLE: HPTL (KG Gruppe & higher) NOTE: THE LIST MAY HAVE ANY NUMBER OF TARGET PRIORITIES
    17. 17. <ul><li>Provides the attack manager a ready reference </li></ul><ul><li>with which to evaluate assets abilities that report to him. </li></ul><ul><li>Set of criteria applied to enemy activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Determines whether the enemy activity is a target. </li></ul><ul><li>Two categories: targets & suspected targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Targets must meet accuracy and timeliness requirements to be attacked. </li></ul>TARGET SELECTION STANDARDS
    18. 18. HPTL ATTACK/SYSTEM TLE/ACQ TIME 13 th Legion Formation <1 km / 10 min Berry-Bac Air Field 100 km / 2 hrs Antwerp Harbor Fighter/Stukas 200 km / 20 min Amiens Factories Strategic HE111 Bombers 200 km / 20 min Luxembourg Road Network Mixed Force 10 km / 2 hrs TARGET SELECTION STANDARDS MATRIX Mixed Force Fighter/Mixed Force
    19. 19. <ul><li>War-gaming yields several decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Targets will be disrupted, delayed or limited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack options (suppress, neutralize, destroy) selected and when the target is to be acquired and attacked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack system selected based on risk to an asset vs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it’s effectiveness against the target </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These decisions form the basis of the staff’s attack </li></ul><ul><li>guidance recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>FSCOORD, Operations and Intelligence Staff officers develop the AGM. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ground Maneuver Commander approves the AGM </li></ul>Attack Guidance Matrix
    20. 20. <ul><li>Addresses what priority HPTs are attacked, when, how and with any restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of columns for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TGT categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>specific HPTs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when TGTs are attacked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how TGTs are attacked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any restrictions or special instructions for the attack </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staffs can vary the use & structure to meet </li></ul><ul><li>local needs </li></ul>Attack Guidance Matrix
    21. 21. 13th RESERVE BN I AVN BDE D INTENT: ATK RES available in 1 hr Phase/Event: Attack through the security zone HPTL WHEN HOW EFFECT REMARKS 13 th Legion I LW N COORD W/ NC RISTA/OPS P GS N PLAN IN INITIAL PREP Antwerp P Stuka N PLAN IN INITIAL PREP A GS S AVN OPS Brussels EXAMPLE ATTACK GUIDANCE MATRIX Normally only three Immediate (I) allowed on AGM Attack Guidance Matrix
    22. 22. DETECT <ul><li>Collection Mgr supervises execution of </li></ul><ul><li>collection plan at each level and assists subordinates. </li></ul><ul><li>TA assets gather information and report - some produce valid targets – others require further processing. </li></ul><ul><li>Targets (actual or suspected) that are ID’d but not attacked are tracked IAW the attack guidance matrix (AGM) </li></ul><ul><li>Attack systems are tasked IAW with AGM </li></ul><ul><li>and TSS as targets are developed </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Intelligence drives the collection effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on detecting and tracking targets </li></ul><ul><li>Key Personnel determine accurate, identifiable and timely requirements for the collection systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Collection essential in identifying, and tracking targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Detect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground Maneuver Elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luftwaffe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kriegs-Marine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FB Personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AB Personnel </li></ul></ul>DETECT
    24. 24. <ul><li>Delivery: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maneuver Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naval Surface Fires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luftwaffe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infantry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Ops Para/Glider Forces </li></ul></ul>Systems - Detect and Deliver (Supporting Gruppe and below)
    25. 25. DELIVER <ul><li>Primary objective is the attack of targets IAW AGM </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers are met. </li></ul><ul><li>The tactical solution (the selection of attack systems or combination of systems) leads to a technical solution </li></ul><ul><li>The technical solution identifies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specific attack unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>type of ordnance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>time of attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coordination </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>Attacking of targets must satisfy attack guidance developed in the decide function and identified / tracked during the detect function </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers identified </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical and technical decisions are made to </li></ul><ul><li>include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>time of attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>desired effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>attack system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>number and types of munitions and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>response time </li></ul></ul>TARGETING: DELIVER
    27. 27. Combat Assessment <ul><li>Staff conducts Combat Assessment (CA) </li></ul><ul><li>CA determines overall effectiveness of force employment during military operations </li></ul><ul><li>CA is composed of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Munitions effects assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-attack recommendation </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Targeting and the Military Decision Making Process
    29. 29. TARGETING AND MDMP RECEIPT OF MSN/MSN ANALYSIS COA DEVELOPMENT (CONCEPT OF FIRES, COMPARISION & WARGAME) DECIDE DETECT DELIVER ASSESS CDR’s GUIDANCE COA APPROVAL/OPORD PRODUCED (SCHEME OF FIRES) EXECUTION HVT HPT
    30. 30. <ul><li>Combat Assessment (CA) is the determination of the effectiveness of </li></ul><ul><li>force employment during military operations </li></ul><ul><li>CA is composed of three elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Munitions Effects Assessment (MEA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-attack recommendation </li></ul></ul>COMBAT ASSESSMENT
    31. 31. COMBAT ASSESSMENT (CA) <ul><li>At the tactical level, commanders use BDA to get a series of timely and accurate snapshots of their effect on the enemy. </li></ul><ul><li>As part of the targeting process, BDA helps to determine effectiveness of the plan and if a re-strike is necessary. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Luftwaffe TARGETING

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