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Image segmentation is one of the important tasks in computer vision and image processing. Thresholding is ...
Image segmentation is one of the important tasks in computer vision and image processing. Thresholding is
a simple but most effective technique in segmentation. It based on classify image pixels into object and
background depended on the relation between the gray level value of the pixels and the threshold. Otsu
technique is a robust and fast thresholding techniques for most real world images with regard to uniformity
and shape measures. Otsu technique splits the object from the background by increasing the separability
factor between the classes. Our aim form this work is (1) making a comparison among five thresholding
techniques (Otsu technique, valley emphasis technique, neighborhood valley emphasis technique, variance
and intensity contrast technique, and variance discrepancy technique)on different applications. (2)
determining the best thresholding technique that extracted the object from the background. Our
experimental results ensure that every thresholding technique has shown a superior level of performance
on specific type of bimodal images.
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