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From labs to cities: Mapping the social impact of ubiquitous technologies
 

From labs to cities: Mapping the social impact of ubiquitous technologies

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    From labs to cities: Mapping the social impact of ubiquitous technologies From labs to cities: Mapping the social impact of ubiquitous technologies Presentation Transcript

    • From labs to cities: Mapping the social impact of ubiquitous technologies Vassilis Kostakos University of Oulu 28 March 2012, University of Zurich, Switzerland UbiOuluThursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 2Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 3Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 4Thursday, March 29, 12
    • University of Oulu Finland • Founded in 1958 • 6 faculties • 16 000 students Rovaniemi ! • 2900 employees University of Oulu ! • Total funding EUR 226 million OULU! • Four research focus areas: ! Vaasa ! – Information Technology Kuopio ! Jyväskylä Joensuu ! – Biosciences and Health Tampere ! Lappeenranta ! – Cultural Identity and Interaction Turku ! Helsinki ! – Environment, Natural Resources and Materials UbiOulu Slide 5Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Active exchange programs Canada! Russia! Bilateral, n2n, ISEP! FIRST, n2n! USA! South Korea! Europe! ISEP! Bilateral, n2n, ISEP! UN-CEP! Erasmus, Nordplus,! Bilateral, n2n! China! Mexico! Bilateral! Japan! Bilateral, ISEP! Bilateral, ISEP! Zambia! Botswana! Hong Kong! South Africa! Bilateral! Brazil! Namibia! ISEP! Senegal! North-South-South! Chile! Singapore! Bilateral, ISEP! Bilateral! Argentina! Australia! Bilateral, ISEP! Bilateral! New Zealand! UbiOulu Slide 6Thursday, March 29, 12
    • • Ubiquitous computing (MediaTeam) • Machine vision • Intelligent systems and security • Biomedical engineering UbiOulu Slide 7Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Impact UbiOulu Slide 8Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Ongoing work Human Computer Interaction, Spatial & Transpatial Social Networks Trust, Privacy, Phishing Urban Mobility & Encounter Epidemiology & Diffusion Social and complex networks Space Syntax PEOPLE Sensing for public transport TECHNOLOGY SPACES Public interactive displays Instrumenting mobile platforms Augmented Spaces Situated Services Delay Tolerant Networks Security and privacy UbiOulu Slide 9Thursday, March 29, 12
    • City-scale lab UbiOulu Slide 10Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Cameras 57" Full HD LCD panel 6 mm safety glass with capacitive touch screen foil NFC/RFID panOULU WLAN AP reader panOULU WSN AP panOULU BT AP Control PC Loudspeaker 500 GB RAID 1 disk UbiOulu Slide 11Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Interaction model Face detection Read UBI-key Touch screen UbiOulu Slide 12Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Interface UbiOulu Slide 13Thursday, March 29, 12
    • panOulu WiFi UbiOulu Slide 14Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 15Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Bluetooth network UbiOulu Slide 16Thursday, March 29, 12
    • 3D Oulu UbiOulu Slide 18Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Which half is real? UbiOulu Slide 19Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Reconstructing movement UbiOulu Slide 20Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Catchment areas UbiOulu Slide 21Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Where is it busy now? UbiOulu Slide 22Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Live demo? Click and pray! UbiOulu Slide 23Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Open to the community: UbiChallenge Ojala, T. and Kostakos, V. (2011). UBI Challenge: Research Coopetition on Real-World Urban Computing. In proceedings of Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia 2011, Beijing, China, pp. 205-208. UbiOulu Slide 24Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Lessons learned UbiOulu Slide 25Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Analysis of user needs Brainstorming Ethnographic studies Storytelling UbiOulu Slide 26Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 27Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 28Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 29Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 30Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 31Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Location, location, location UbiOulu Slide 32Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Kukka, H., Kruger, F., Kostakos V., Ojala, T., and Jurmu, M. (2011). Information to Go: Exploring In-Situ Information Pick-up “In the Wild”. In Proc. INTERACT, pp. 487-504. UbiOulu Slide 33Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Museum Exhibitions Main library Market City services City hall Museum Main square Main cafeteria Train station Bus stop Residential area Main reception Resident area Visitor area Resident area Visitor area Scale: 500 m Scale: 1km UbiOulu Slide 34Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Public scrutiny UbiOulu Slide 35Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Successful services UbiPostcard Hangman Ubinion Hosio, S., Kostakos, V., Kukka, H., Jurmu, M., Riekki, J., Ojala, T. (2012). From School Food to Skate Parks in a few Clicks: Using Public Displays to Bootstrap Civic Engagement of the Young. In Proc. Pervasive 2012, Newcastle, UK. UbiOulu Slide 36Thursday, March 29, 12
    • >9:% .6(% 1-2$% >% !"#$% !"#$%&$()#*+$(#,-%$( 89=% !-/3"% 89<% 89;% 4#5)"/$% 89:% +,-(*$% !6(373#"5% 0/$% &"($#)*% .))/% 8% 8% 89:% 89;% 89<% 89=% >% >9:% .*%(#-%/0+(#,-%$( Kukka, H., Kostakos, V., Ojala, T., Ylipulli, J., Suopajarvi, T., Jurmu, M., Hosio, S. (2011). This Is Not Classified: Everyday Information Seeking and Encountering in Smart Urban Spaces. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (online first) UbiOulu Slide 37Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Users don’t know what they want !"#$%&$()*+,)*$,+-+.*/+,)*0%#+ >?@$ +,)-.#$ >?A$ !"#$ %0-/1/&2$ >?B$ >?C$ 324&"#$ %&#$ 67&-#47.$ >?D$ 544"$ :-;4$ >$ =>?@$ =>?A$ =>?B$ =>?C$ =>?D$ >$ >?D$ >?C$ >?B$ >?A$ >?@$ =>?D$ %)"/&$ ()*#$ =>?C$ =>?B$ 67&<1$ 50-$ =>?A$ 8)&.9)7$ =>?@$ ! Kukka, H., Kostakos, V., Ojala, T., Ylipulli, J., Suopajarvi, T., Jurmu, M., Hosio, S. (2011). This Is Not Classified: Everyday Information Seeking and Encountering in Smart Urban Spaces. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (online first) UbiOulu Slide 38Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Sustainability 140 880 € Ojala T, Orajärvi J, Puhakka K, Heikkinen I & Heikka J (2011). panOULU: Triple helix driven municipal wireless network providing open and free Internet access. Proc. Communities & Technologies (C&T 2011), Brisbane, Australia, 118-127. UbiOulu Slide 39Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Maintenance & Moderation UbiOulu Slide 40Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Curiosity UbiOulu Slide 41Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Novelty UbiOulu Slide 42Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Interaction blindness Ojala, T., Kostakos, V., Kukka, H., Heikkinen, T., Linden, T., Jurmu, M., Hosio, S., Kruger, F., Zanni, D. (to appear). Experiences from the long-term deployment of multipurpose public interactive displays in a city center. IEEE Computer. UbiOulu Slide 43Thursday, March 29, 12
    • Privacy - Who benefits? that in- t bridgee accessmobility ities forower in es sug- l bene- scale tonetwork opment g econ- en net- nt may ditionalhe most Fig. 2. The relation between social 100 18. H on net- network diversity and socioeconomic Enetwork 90 ( Downloaded from www.sciencemag.org on May 21, 2010 to mea- rank. Diversity was constructed as a 19. P Socio−Economic Percentilevel. The composite of Shannon entropy and 80 20. M during he data Burt’s measure of structural holes, 70 21. D by using principal component anal- 22. Pnes and 60 hbusiness ysis. A fractional polynomial was fit ork has p to the data. 50al ties, a sof direct 40 o 9.4, an a , and a 30 a bgraph) 20 23. T onication 10 n to test cn social −4 −2 0 2 4 teopment Composite Measure of Diversity rof Mul- 24. D In sure of Fig. 1. An image of regional communication diversity and socioeconomic ranking for the UK. We find UbiOuluencom- that communities with diverse communication patterns tend to rank higher (represented from and spatial network diver- Although both social light blue policy implications. In particular, establishing the ( ncome, to dark blue) than the regions with more insular communication. This resultwere strongly correlated with IMD rank sity scores implies that communication causal mechanisms underlying the observed corre- S ousing, diversity is a key indicator of an economically healthy community. [(29) and r copyright material is 44 we found a Slide (r = 0.73 Crown = 0.58, respectively), spondence between network diversity and economicon (25). reproduced with the permission of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office] u ociated weaker positive correlation present using number of development may require additional longitudinal in Thursday, March 29, 12h it was We then compared the IMD rank of each com- entropy associated(r = individual i’s communi- contacts with 0.44) and a negative correlation for social network and economic data (26–28). 25. T
    • UbiOulu Slide 45Thursday, March 29, 12
    • UbiOulu Slide 46Thursday, March 29, 12
    • The end • 3rd Ubi Summer School 2012 – http://www.ubioulu.fi/en/UBI-summer-school-2012 • Researcher in Residence program – http://www.ubioulu.fi/en/UBI-RIR-program – UbiChallenge: http://www.ubioulu.fi/en/UBI-challenge • Special issue of IJHCS on Social Networks and Ubiquitous Interactions (May 2012). • Or just come visit! Vassilis Kostakos - vassilis@ee.oulu.fi UbiOulu Slide 47Thursday, March 29, 12