Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Lesson 6 7 society and social structure
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Lesson 6 7 society and social structure

  • 858 views
Published

 

Published in Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
858
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Society and Culture with Family Planning & HIV/SARS Prevention (SSCI 101) Leonessa Tabios Lecturer ldtabios@ama.edu.ph
  • 2. 1. Differentiate the types of society 2. Illustrate the development of power and hierarchy in the society
  • 3. Refers to people who interact within a defined territory and who share a culture the same interest like religious, political, environmental or scientific and other purposes
  • 4. Hunting & gathering society Types of society according to technology based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals  they live in naturally occurring shelters like caves, and overhangs  leaders are rarely supported by hunter-gatherer societies & they had a small number of population  they used simple tools like spear, bow and arrow, and stone knife to gather food or hunt animals
  • 5. Horticultural and pastoral society Types of society according to technology  Horticultural  they use hand tools to cultivate crops  they clear the land through “slash and burn”, plant crops for two to three years and transfer to another place for fertile land  Pastoral  primary means of survival is domesticated livestock  they move seasonally in search of fresh pastures and water for their animals
  • 6. Agrarian societies Types of society according to technology  use of animals and more reliable tools for planting  discovery of metallurgy  the use of the plow increased soil fertility as well as made agriculture more efficient  social institutions like religion and political institutions have been developed to cater to the needs of the growing populations
  • 7. Industrial societies Types of society according to technology  industrialism is the technology that powers sophisticated machinery with advanced sources of energy  discovery of new machines was prompted by the increasing demand of a growing population  it resulted to more developed hierarchies and division of labor  assembly lines, division of labor and new market system emerged  intellectual transformation became a requirement for people who want to be part of the new system
  • 8. Types of society according to technology Postindustrial societies  primary means of subsistence comes from service oriented work  increasing number of service sector or jobs rather than creating goods  specialization is defined  mechanization in manufacturing  information, knowledge and creativity are seen as the new raw materials of the economy
  • 9. Social Structure
  • 10. 1. Distinguish how roles and statuses affect society 2. Illustrate the socialization process
  • 11. Social Structure our manner of interaction and relationship is characterized by social ordering social structure gives us a system of organization and stability in our day to day activities & interaction with people
  • 12.  one’s position in a group or society  actions and behaviors are constrained because of status  status is important in positioning and local people in social structure like priest, mayor, mother, attorney and doctors and others  limitations are sometimes centered on gender, age, and social affiliations  we need to follow what has been approved by society Status set – statuses that a person hold at a given time
  • 13. Types of Status Ascribed status  a position in society because of inheritance or lineage  determined by the relationship of the person to the one who is presently occupying the status  e.g. monarchy - heir to the throne; business corporations – owner of the business (parents); inheritance of their children
  • 14. Types of Status Achieved status  status that is achieved through individual abilities, hard work, and educational merit  can be achieved through competition which society permits and requires in recognizing the individual’s uniqueness and interest  e.g. lawyers, teachers, actors, police, doctors
  • 15. Types of Status Master status  a status that has an exceptional importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life  It is at the core of their social identity and influences their roles and behaviors  Occupation is often a master status because it forms such an important part of people’s identities and affects their other roles
  • 16.  Refers to patterns of expected behavior attached to a particular status  doing the role should be in conformity with the status he/she occupies  the difference: we occupy the status and play a role Role performance  the expected behavior of people who occupy the status  some who occupy the status do not do what is expected of them to do  sometimes there is a conflict on how they should do it and how they actually do it
  • 17. Role Set  a person has many more roles than statuses, as each status typically has multiples roles attached  Robert Merton defines a role set as a number of roles attached to a single status Role Conflict  conflicting expectations arising from multiple roles  it can threaten their ability to focus on the interest of their status  e.g. the role of the president who is pressured to execute the death penalty law but is having conflict because of his/her religious belief
  • 18. Role Strain  this occurs when individuals find the expectations of a single role incompatible, so that they have difficulty performing the role  e.g. A supervisor who is often confronted with difficulties in mingling with his subordinates. Role Exit (by Helen Rose Ebaugh – 1988)  the process by which people disengage from social roles that have been central to their lives  Four-stage model of role exit: 1. Doubt 2. Search for alternatives 3. Action stage or departure 4. Creation of new identity