Society and Culture with Family Planning &
HIV/SARS Prevention (SSCI 101)
Leonessa D. Tabios

Lecturer
lgdelarosa@ama.edu....
1. Describe the differences of the three
sociological perspectives
2. Provide specific example/s of the
sociological persp...
Sociological
Perspective
It scrutinizes every
detail of society in the
context of social
interaction, social
issues such a...
Three Major Sociological
Perspectives
Views society as a whole
unit, made up of related
part that work together.

The society is
composed of many
parts, each wi...
Structural
Functionalism
To understand
society we need
to look at both
structure and

function.
Robert Merton used the
following terms to describe
the effects of social elements
to society.
2 types of function
Manifest function – actions that are
intended to help some parts of the
system.
Latent function – have...
Conflict perspective
Views society as a system
composed of different parts or
groups which has interests
that are differen...
Assumptions of
Conflict theory
1. If you have interaction, you have conflict.
2. Conflict and change are normal, inevitabl...
Symbolic
Interactionism
The central idea of this
theory is that symbols are
the key to understanding
how we view the world...
The Looking
Glass Self
By Charles Cooley
Human beings form
their very selves from
the reflections and
responses gained by
...
Lesson 3 4 culture
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Lesson 3 4 culture

  1. 1. Society and Culture with Family Planning & HIV/SARS Prevention (SSCI 101) Leonessa D. Tabios Lecturer lgdelarosa@ama.edu.ph
  2. 2. 1. Describe the differences of the three sociological perspectives 2. Provide specific example/s of the sociological perspectives in the context of Philippine society. 3. Create a story incorporating the concept of sociological perspectives.
  3. 3. Sociological Perspective It scrutinizes every detail of society in the context of social interaction, social issues such as conflict and provide different views of social life. It is the lens that an individual choose to view the scope of society from Sociological perspectives give us a clue as to why events happen.
  4. 4. Three Major Sociological Perspectives
  5. 5. Views society as a whole unit, made up of related part that work together. The society is composed of many parts, each with its own function, according to Durkheim Kinship Religion Economics Politics
  6. 6. Structural Functionalism To understand society we need to look at both structure and function.
  7. 7. Robert Merton used the following terms to describe the effects of social elements to society.
  8. 8. 2 types of function Manifest function – actions that are intended to help some parts of the system. Latent function – have unforeseen consequence that help a system adjust.
  9. 9. Conflict perspective Views society as a system composed of different parts or groups which has interests that are different and conflicting. Karl Marx, the founder of conflict theory, said that human history was founded on struggle.
  10. 10. Assumptions of Conflict theory 1. If you have interaction, you have conflict. 2. Conflict and change are normal, inevitable and ubiquitous (everywhere). 3. Conflict is endemic. 4. There is a scarcity of resources. 5. Human societies consist of varying degrees of inherently unequal elements.
  11. 11. Symbolic Interactionism The central idea of this theory is that symbols are the key to understanding how we view the world & communicate with one another. Sociologist W.I. Thomas (1966) emphasized the importance of definitions and meanings in social behavior and its consequences.
  12. 12. The Looking Glass Self By Charles Cooley Human beings form their very selves from the reflections and responses gained by their earliest behaviors visited upon the "other," or any participant in one's earliest socialization. 3 Main Components 1. One imagines how they appear to others. 2. One imagines the judgment that others may be making regarding that appearance. 3. One develops a self-image via their reflection; that is, the judgments or critique of others.

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