Reasons for Accidents in the Home
Faulty equipment or wiring
Badly constructed buildings
Careless storage of harmful
Most Common Accidents in the Home
A fatal accident is where someone dies as a
Wipe up spills
Do not over-polish floors.
Rugs should have non-slip back
Avoid trailing flexes
Stairs – well lit
Keep stairs clear
Use stair gates with toddlers
Avoid cluttered floors
Use proper steps when reaching high shelves
Safety with Medicine
Store in original container
Keep in locked press out of reach of
Dispose of out of date medicine
Never use medicine prescribed for one
person for someone else.
Use fire guards
Do not hang clothes near open fire
Do not move portable heaters when lit
Switch off and unplug electrical appliances at
night, do not leave on standby
Never put hot ashes in plastic bins
Never smoke in bed
Never leave chip pans unattended
Use fire blanket or extinguisher to put
out the fire.
Never use water on electrical fire or
Call fire brigade if unable to extinguish
Raise the alarm
Get everyone out of the house closing
windows and doors if possible
Never re-enter burning building
Call fire brigade
Fire safety equipment for the
Aims of first aid:
To preserve life.
To prevent condition
To reassure victim
To provide comfort
In the case of a serious accident
1.Stay calm, act quickly
2.Call or get someone to call for emergency services.
3.Check if patient is conscious.
4.If unconscious check for breathing and pulse, use
CPR if necessary.
In the case of a serious accident
1. If there is a pulse and breathing, check
for bleeding and apply pressure to stop
2. Do not move the patient unless they are in
3. Do not give patient anything to eat or
4. Make patient comfortable, keep them
warm and talk to them until help arrives.
First Aid for Burns and Scalds
A burn is cause by dry heat, a
scald is caused by moist heat
e.g. hot liquid or steam.
1. Submerge area in cool water
until pain eases.
1. Spray with burn spray if you
wish, do not apply lotion or
1. Cover with sterile dressing
If clothing is on fire, pour water on
victim or wrap in blanket to
extinguish the fire.
Do not remove clothes that are stuck
to the wound but cover any
exposed areas with a clean dry
cloth to stop infection.
Treat for shock by raising victim’s
legs and loosening any tight
Cover to protect from heat los
Get medical help
If cut is deep with blood spurting from it, apply
pressure to the cut with a clean pad and get
For less serious cuts:
Wash wound with warm water and antiseptic.
Ensure that there is nothing embedded in the
wound such as dirt or glass
Dry carefully and cover with clean dressing
If the wound is deep, it may need to be
stitched by a doctor.
1. Lean forward
your nose for a
Caused by a blockage in the airways, victim
First aid must be given quickly.
Place the child face down over your knees,
support head with one hand
Slap child 4 times between shoulder blades.
Use Heimlich manoeuvre.
Stand behind victim, clasp hands under rib
cage, pull hands sharply in and upwards,
repeat as necessary.
If victim is unable to move:
Do not move victim unless in danger.
Cover and send for medical help.
Strain or sprain
Apply cold compress to area for 30mins,
Dry and wrap in bandage, rest and elevate.
If in doubt treat as fracture
Anyone feeling faint should sit down and lean
forward so that their head is between their
If person has already fainted they should
remain lying down for 10 mins. before
If a person fails to regain consciousness
within 2minutes get medical help.
1. If substance has been swallowed bring patient to
2. Bring also the container of the substance was in.
3. If victim is unconscious, place him in recovery position
and call ambulance
4. If you are sure what the person has taken is not
corrosive, make the victim vomit and bring a sample of
the vomit to the hospital
5. If poison is corrosive, do not induce vomiting, give milk
Bee Stings –
Wasp stings -
First aid box
Out of reach of
Clean and tidy