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Designing a
Home
© PDST Home Economics
Definitions
 Shelter means anything that protects or
shields
 Shelter is a basic physical need which varies
with climate...
A Home
 A home is much more than just shelter it
provides for all our needs.
 Physical Needs: Food, warmth, shelter and
...
Types of Housing
Choice of housing will be restricted by budget and needs.
Choice of housing is influenced by cost, size, ...
Design
 A Design is a plan or
sketch for the making
of something, e.g. a
house, a garment.
Characteristics of good
design...
Features of Design
 Colour
 Shape
 Texture
 Pattern
 Line
Colour
 Colour can effect emotions of people in a
room and the atmosphere in a room.
 Classes of colour:
 Primary: red,...
Colour Wheel
Colour
 A tint is a colour lightened by adding white
 A shade is a colour darkened by adding black
 Warm colours: creat...
Effect of colours
Texture
 Texture refers to how an object feels to the
touch, rough, smooth, hard, soft, cold warm.
 Smooth textures are ...
Texture
Texture
Line
 Line is used to create optical illusions by
appearing to change the shape of something.
 Diagonal lines suggest mo...
Line
Shape
Shape means the
outline of an
object
Basic shapes are
square, circular,
rectangular,
triangular.
Shape
Pattern
 Adds variety
 Needs to be
used carefully
 Over use can
make room fussy
and crowded, a
room without
pattern can...
Pattern
Pattern
Principles of Design
 Balance
 Proportion
 Emphasis
 Rhythm
Balance
 Balance means that all features of
the design work well together,
colour, pattern and texture.
Balance
Emphasis
 Emphasis means
drawing
attention o a
particular
feature in a
room.
 Can be done
using lighting,
colour, patter...
Proportion
 When
furniture and
features in a
room relate to
each in size
and relate to
the size of the
room. http://www.f...
Rhythm
 Rhythm means
the repeated
use of a colour
pattern and
texture in a
room.
 It gives
harmony and
unity to the
room
Considerations when Room Planning
1. Size and shape of the room, make full use of
space.
2.Functions and amount of use.
3....
A well planned room is
 Functional
 Safe
 Comfortable
 Attractive
Well lit
Well heated
Well ventilated
Easy to keep cl...
Floor plan
A)Sketch of a room drawn to scale on graph
paper.
A)Shows position of fixtures, windows, doors,
fireplace, radi...
Decorating a Room
1. Order of work.
2.Decide on colour scheme.
3.Choose floor covering.
4.Remove all furniture and fitting...
Bedrooms
Area Option
Floor Wooden sanded sealed, vinyl (children), carpet.
Walls Paint, wall paper
Furniture Bed, locker, ...
Planning Kitchens
Consider
Size and shape of room.
Layout taking into account work
sequence and work triangle.
Hygiene ...
The work sequence
 The main work in the kitchen is food preparation.
 Food preparation follows a logical sequence.
1 Foo...
Kitchen – work sequence
The work triangle
 The work triangle
involves placing the
fridge, sink and
cooker at the 3
points of an
imaginary triangl...
Designing a home
Designing a home
Designing a home
Designing a home
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Transcript of "Designing a home"

  1. 1. Designing a Home © PDST Home Economics
  2. 2. Definitions  Shelter means anything that protects or shields  Shelter is a basic physical need which varies with climate and other conditions  A house becomes a home when it is occupied by people and their possessions
  3. 3. A Home  A home is much more than just shelter it provides for all our needs.  Physical Needs: Food, warmth, shelter and clothes.  Emotional Needs: Love, security, protection and privacy.  Social Needs: where we learn to interact with others, communicate, share and co-operate.
  4. 4. Types of Housing Choice of housing will be restricted by budget and needs. Choice of housing is influenced by cost, size, location, style Houses: single storey (bungalow), dormer bungalow, storey and a half, two storey, detached, semi-detached, terraced. Apartment/Flat: vary in size and design usually self contained. Bedsit: one room divided into living and sleeping areas, single person. Mobile Home/Caravan: may be permanent or temporary. Sheltered Housing Schemes: purpose built housing for disabled or elderly with caretaker in charge.
  5. 5. Design  A Design is a plan or sketch for the making of something, e.g. a house, a garment. Characteristics of good design are:  Functional  Safe  Durable  Attractive
  6. 6. Features of Design  Colour  Shape  Texture  Pattern  Line
  7. 7. Colour  Colour can effect emotions of people in a room and the atmosphere in a room.  Classes of colour:  Primary: red, yellow, blue.  Secondary: mixing 2 primary colours, green, purple, orange.  Tertiary: mixing a primary and a secondary colour, e.g. blue + green = turqoise.
  8. 8. Colour Wheel
  9. 9. Colour  A tint is a colour lightened by adding white  A shade is a colour darkened by adding black  Warm colours: create warm atmosphere, use in small amounts, red, orange, pink.  Neutral colours: often used as background for other colours, black, white and shades of these, shades of cream and beige are also used as neutrals.  Pastel colours: these are pale soft shades of blue, green, yellow, pink, used in bedrooms and nurseries.
  10. 10. Effect of colours
  11. 11. Texture  Texture refers to how an object feels to the touch, rough, smooth, hard, soft, cold warm.  Smooth textures are hygienic, cold, reflect light and noise.  Rough textures are warmer, softer, cosy, harder to clean, absorb light and sound.
  12. 12. Texture
  13. 13. Texture
  14. 14. Line  Line is used to create optical illusions by appearing to change the shape of something.  Diagonal lines suggest movement and are dramatic.  Horizontal lines make objects look wider.  Vertical lines make objects look thinner and taller.  Curved lines gentle and relaxing
  15. 15. Line
  16. 16. Shape Shape means the outline of an object Basic shapes are square, circular, rectangular, triangular.
  17. 17. Shape
  18. 18. Pattern  Adds variety  Needs to be used carefully  Over use can make room fussy and crowded, a room without pattern can be boring.
  19. 19. Pattern
  20. 20. Pattern
  21. 21. Principles of Design  Balance  Proportion  Emphasis  Rhythm
  22. 22. Balance  Balance means that all features of the design work well together, colour, pattern and texture.
  23. 23. Balance
  24. 24. Emphasis  Emphasis means drawing attention o a particular feature in a room.  Can be done using lighting, colour, pattern, shape.  Adds interest to a room.
  25. 25. Proportion  When furniture and features in a room relate to each in size and relate to the size of the room. http://www.flickr. com/photos/how nowdesign/
  26. 26. Rhythm  Rhythm means the repeated use of a colour pattern and texture in a room.  It gives harmony and unity to the room
  27. 27. Considerations when Room Planning 1. Size and shape of the room, make full use of space. 2.Functions and amount of use. 3.Position of fixtures, windows, furniture, fireplace, radiators. 4.Aspect (direction window faces) effects amount of natural light and warmth. 5.Enough storage & furniture for functions of room without being cluttered. 6.Traffic flow, movement of people around the room.
  28. 28. A well planned room is  Functional  Safe  Comfortable  Attractive Well lit Well heated Well ventilated Easy to keep clean
  29. 29. Floor plan A)Sketch of a room drawn to scale on graph paper. A)Shows position of fixtures, windows, doors, fireplace, radiators. A)Furniture drawn to scale can be cut out and moved around on the sketch to find best location.
  30. 30. Decorating a Room 1. Order of work. 2.Decide on colour scheme. 3.Choose floor covering. 4.Remove all furniture and fittings. 5.Carry out necessary repairs. 6.Sand and wash all surfaces allow to dry well. 7.Cover any surfaces that need protection. 8.Decorate in order of ceiling, woodwork, walls. 9.When décor is dry put down floor covering and arrange furniture.
  31. 31. Bedrooms Area Option Floor Wooden sanded sealed, vinyl (children), carpet. Walls Paint, wall paper Furniture Bed, locker, bookcase, desk, chair storage unit or wardrobe, dressing table, chest of drawers. Soft furniture Curtains, blinds, duvet covers, rugs, lampshades, Lighting Window, central fitting, bedside, desk, mirror. Ventilation Window Heating Radiator or portable electric heater
  32. 32. Planning Kitchens Consider Size and shape of room. Layout taking into account work sequence and work triangle. Hygiene and safety. Ventilation, heating, lighting. Enough storage and work surfaces.
  33. 33. The work sequence  The main work in the kitchen is food preparation.  Food preparation follows a logical sequence. 1 Food storage 2 Food preparation. 3 Cooking food 4 Serving food  Kitchen units and equipment should be laid out with this sequence in mind.
  34. 34. Kitchen – work sequence
  35. 35. The work triangle  The work triangle involves placing the fridge, sink and cooker at the 3 points of an imaginary triangle.  This arrangement reduces the amounts of walking involved in preparing food and therefore saves time and energy.
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