There were 6 main reasons for the plantations of Ireland
Why did English Monarchs want to plant Ireland?
To extend control over Ireland beyond the Pale
Because the Irish were Catholic , they might side with Catholic Spain and France against England. The reformation made them enemies.
Because the Irish clans and Old English rebelled against the English, the English wanted to make Ireland loyal
It would be cheaper to plant Ireland with loyal settlers than have to repeatedly send armies
They believed the Irish were uncivilized . They believed English customs and laws were superior
They wanted land to enrich themselves and reward their loyal followers
Immediate cause – the O Moores and O Connors attack the Pale Immediate cause –Desmond Rebellions Munster Plantation The Fitzgeralds of Desmond Queen Elizabeth 1 Kerry, Cork, Limerick, Tipperary, Waterford (1/2 million acres Desmond Rebellion backed by the Pope and Spain Defeat and confiscation Undertakers undertake to only rent land to English Protestant settlers and protect them Spread English customs, law and religion The plantation failed Laois and Offaly O’ Moores and O’ Connors Queen Mary Tudor Queen’s County (Laois) Maryborough town King’s County (Offaly) Defeat and confiscation Only 88 families come Unable to protect the land because of low numbers The plantation failed