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Basic of web design


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Basic of web Design and Basic Fundamentals of HTML

Basic of web Design and Basic Fundamentals of HTML

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  • 1. Basic of web Design and Basic Fundamentals of HTML Devendra Shukla (Senior web designer)
  • 2. Definition of Web Design Web Design is a skill of creating presentations of content (usually hypertext or hypermedia that is delivered to an end-user through the World Wide Web, by way of a Web browser or either Web-enabled software like Internet clients, microblogging and RSS feeders.
  • 3. Web Design Basics What is a good Web site from a design standpoint?
  • 4. How We Read Text Following normal reading habits, the users eye moves from left to right
  • 5. How We View Screens Looking at a screen, the users eye scans in a more clockwise pattern
  • 6. How Will Your Users Read/View? If a page uses a lot of text, the user will read in a more traditional, left to right manner. If a page has more graphical elements, the user is more likely to take in the whole page.
  • 7. Accepted Relative Areas of Importance
  • 8. Think Before you do anything else, you need to spend time thinking about the 4w’s. What is the purpose of the web page/site? Who is your target audience? What will bring your audience back? Where will your audience be using the site?
  • 9. Research WebSites This is a very important part in the creation of a web site, and usually very useful. Spend time looking at other internet sites, particularlly your competitores You can get any ideas you can use and improve on Sites with lots of animation are not always the best. You must also keep in mind that not everyone has a fast Internet connection.
  • 10. Principles of good web design Visitor-centric, clear purpose Progressive disclosure Displays quickly Browser compatible Intuitive navigation Spelling, grammar, writing Attractive design, easy to read Cultural bias? (Regional? Domestic? International?) No technical problems (broken links, buggy scripts) Search Engine Accessible
  • 11. Creating a Web Site Once you have decided to establish a web site there are three steps to getting it online. 1 - Get a domain name - This is your personal/private address on the Web. 2 - Find a web hosting service- Here is where your website will reside. Free vs Private Web Hosting 3 - Design, build and upload your website - The process of website creation.
  • 12. Creating your Web Site Technologies & Tools Markup Languages  HTML, DHTML, XML, XSLT, etc.... Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) Scripting languages  perl,javascript,php, etc.... Web creation and editing software  Notepad, FrontPage, Coldfusion, Flash, Hotmetal, Site Builder, etc..
  • 13. HTML Fundamentals What is HTML? Telling the browser what to do, and what purpose to use. A series of tags that are integrated into a text document. Tags are ;  surrounded with angle brackets like this  <B> or <I>. Most tags come in pairs  exceptions: <P>, <br>, <li> tags … The first tag turns the action on, and the second turns it off.  Clear text  Ignores white space  Comprised of tags <tag />  Open tags and closed tags
  • 14. HTML Fundamentals Open tags <name attributes/> <hr/>, <br/> <img src=“url” width=‘100px’ height=’60px’/> Closed tags <name attributes> stuff </name> <b>text to be bolded</b> <h1>level 1 heading text</h1> Comments < ! - - comment text -- >
  • 15. The second tag(off switch) starts with a forward slash.  For example ,<B> text </B> can embedded, for instance, to do this:  <HEAD><TITLE> Your text </HEAD></TITLE> it won't work.  The correct order is <HEAD><TITLE> Your text </TITLE></HEAD> not case sensitivity. Many tags have attributes.  For example, <P ALIGN=CENTER> centers the paragraph following it. Some browsers don't support the some tags and some attributes.
  • 16. Tags in head <TITLE>...</TITLE>-- puts text on the browser's title bar. <META>…</META>-- data (information) about data. <HEAD>...</HEAD>-- contains information about the document
  • 17. Tags in Body Let's talk Text Heading: <H1> </H1> Center:<Center> </Center> Line Break <P> ,<Br> Phrase Markups: <I></I> ,<B></B> Create a List  Unordered list : <UL><li>  Ordered list: <OL><li>  Nested
  • 18. Add some Link Use <A href=filename|URL></a>tags How to specify Relative pathnames Kinds of URLs   - news:// -
  • 19. How to make colors changes? Hexadecimal number :  Color names : <Font color=white> Changing the Background color  <BODY BGCOLOR=#19378a> Changing Text color  <BODY BGCOLOR=#19378a TEXT=#ffffff LINK=#ffff66 VLINK=#66ffff> Spot color  <FONT COLOR=#66ffcc>WENT'99</FONT> Image Background  <BODY BACKGROUND=bgimg.gif >
  • 20. HTML – Fundamentals Headings Renders text as a heading, the rendering depending on the level of heading selected. Headings should be automatically spaced from the body text. <h1>Heading 1 level text</h1> <h2>Heading 2 level text</h2> <h3>Heading 3 level text</h3> <h4>Heading 4 level text</h4> <h5>Heading 5 level text</h5> <h6>Heading 6 level text</h6>
  • 21. HTML – Fundamentals Document Structure Unordered list Ordered list <ul> <li>apples</li> <li>bananas</li> <li>grapes</li> <li>strawberries</li> </ul> <ol type=‘i’ start=‘2’> <li>apples</li> <li>bananas</li> <li>grapes</li> <li>strawberries</li> </ol>
  • 22. HTML – Fundamentals Tables <TABLE> <CAPTION ALIGN="bottom">Class Grades</CAPTION> <TR> <TH>Student</TH> <TH>Grade</TH> </TR> <TR> <TD>Tom</TD> <TD>B+</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Sue</TD> <TD>A-</TD> </TR> </TABLE>
  • 23. HTML – Fundamentals Tables BORDER=value ALIGN=left|right|center CELLSPACING=value CELLPADDING=value WIDTH=value|percent
  • 24. HTML – Fundamentals Tables rowspan and colspan
  • 25. HTML – Fundamentals Tables <TABLE BORDER=1 WIDTH="50%" CELLPADDING=5 ALIGN="center"> <TR> <TD colspan=2 align='center'> <font color="red"><b>Student Grades</b></font> </TD> </TR> <TR> <TD><b>Student</b></TD> <TD><b>Grade</b></TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Tom</TD> <TD rowspan=2>A</TD> </TR> <TR> <TD>Sue</TD> </TR> </TABLE>
  • 26. HTML – Fundamentals Tables
  • 27. HTML – Fundamentals Div <div attributes> content </div> attributes ID=“name” STYLE = “style parameters re: CSS”
  • 28. HTML – Fundamentals Div < DIV ID=“fred” STYLE = “POSITION:absolute|relative; VISIBILITY:visible:hidden; Z-INDEX:number; WIDTH:width in pixels; HEIGHT:height in pixels; TOP:pixels from top of page or block; LEFT:pixels from left edge of page or block; PADDING:margin in pixels; other style attributes; “ > content </DIV>
  • 29. HTML – Fundamentals Div
  • 30. HTML – Fundamentals Div <div style="position:absolute; left:100px; top:100px; width:100px; height:100px; background-color:#ffffff; "> </div>
  • 31. Happy Webbing
  • 32. Thank You! Devendra Shukla (Senior web designer)