The British Government, Religionand literature, and Science of the th 17 Century
“King Charles I ofEngland”-Anthony VanDyck 1635
The Stuart DynastyThe Stuart Dynasty began in The Dynasty was 1603 right after the end of considered doomed, the Tudor Dynasty with the unlucky, and unhappy. death of Queen Elizabeth. Lasted from 1603 - 1714The Dynasty had First ruler of the dynasty economic problems was King James I. mainly due to the Thirty Ruled from 1603 – Years War, especially 1625. during King Charles I.
The Stuart DynastyThe dynasty continued After Parliaments victory with King Charles I in King Charles was 1625. beheaded, and his family was exiled. It wasnt untilHad conflicts with 1660 that his son Charles II succeeded the throne parliament, mainly with religious beliefs, and During this tie the belief caused the English Civil of Divine right of Kings War in 1642. was observed. It is the Parliament won. idea that the right to the thrown was given by God.
ReligionAlmost no religious All through Europe freedom. Many set out religious diversity to America to freely caused the Thirty Years express religious War. (1618 - 1648) beliefs.England was primarily The war ended in 1648 Anglican (Catholic), with The Peace of and Puritan was Westphalia. Allowed forbidden. Calvinists, Catholics and Lutherans.
LiteratureA new revision of the William Shakespeare was bible, the King James I very popular. Version was created in 1611. Issac Watts, a hymnAbraham Cowley was a writer, wrote hundreds popular English poet of the of religious hymns time. Most famous for because he felt a great Upon the Blessed Restoration and Return of need for new forms of His Sacred Majesty religious expression. Charles the Second. An ode to the reestablishment of King Charles II.
Shakespeares Twelfth Night Act I, Scene IIf music be the food of love, play on; Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting, The appetite may sicken, and so die. That strain again! it had a dying fall: O, it came oer my ear like the sweet sound, That breathes upon a bank of violets, Stealing and giving odour! Enough; no more: Tis not so sweet now as it was before. O spirit of love! how quick and fresh art thou, That, notwithstanding thy capacity Receiveth as the sea, nought enters there, Of what validity and pitch soeer, But falls into abatement and low price, Even in a minute: so full of shapes is fancy That it alone is high fantastical.- Orsino
ScienceDuring this time, Issac Newton Hans Lippershey scientific and publishes his invents the first astronomical Mathematical refracting telescope discoveries were Principles of in 1608. emerging. Natural Physiology in 1687.1620, first human- 1629, steam turbine Johannes Kepler powered submarine created by Giovanni published The New created by Cornelis Branca. Astronomy in 1609, Drebbel which introduced elliptical astronomy.