Education is vital for the overall development of prisoners.
Through education their outlook, habits and total
perspective of life can be changed.
Education of prisoners benefits the society as well as it
leads to their rehabilitation and self-sufficiency.
Education reduces the tendency to crime.
To channelize prisoners’ energies into constructive and creative
Instilling in them a sense of confidence.
Developing amongst them social responsibility and
Fostering amongst them habits and attitudes necessary for
adjusting in the community.
Creating amongst them an awareness of the futility of leading a
criminal life and uplifting them morally, mentally and socially.
Both adult and formal education arrangements have been
made for prisoners.
Educational activities are looked after with the help of
Government resources as well as NGO's participation.
Study Centres of the Indira Gandhi National Open
University (IGNOU), New Delhi and National Institute of
Open Schooling (NIOS), Delhi are established at Tihar
Prisons in which about 2640 & 1900 inmates students are
Computer training centers are also working in the
Prisons for imparting computer education to the
The most important aspect of the education system in
Tihar Jail is that educated prisoners voluntarily teach less
An illiterate person landing in Tihar Jail can look
forward to being literate if his stay is more than a week.
Basic functional literacy
Languages like Hindi, Urdu,
Punjabi, Sanskrit, French, Persian
Capsule computer courses of six months duration
Bachelor of Arts/ Commerce/Preparatory
Diploma in Creative Writing in Hindi/English,
Certificate in Human Rights, Masters in
Tourism/Management/Computers Post -Graduate
Diploma in Distance Education
Vocational classes in English/Hindi typing
2009- Besides giving better living conditions, the Tihar Jail
authorities (South Asia’s largest complex prison) believe
education may help reduce crime and instill prudence among the
A case in point is Nalini Sriharan, imprisoned in 1991 for
assassinating Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minster of India.
She became the first prisoner to get a Master’s degree with
distinction in computer applications (MCA) from the Indira
Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) in 2009, while
serving a jail term!
2011- Tihar jail launches literacy initiative "Padho aur
Padhao" scheme with National Literacy Mission.
2013- For spreading the Gandhian Philosophy, a Gandhi Centre
has been established by Gandhi Smriti and Darshan
Samiti,Government of India at IGNOU ward. More than 500
books on Gandhian philosophy were added to the library.
Some of the inmates who joined the path of 'Reformation
through Education' have been successfully rehabilitated.
There is a proven co-relation between illiteracy, innumeracy and
offending and maximum number of the prisoners are illiterate in India.
Education system in prisons enable the inmates to gain skills and
qualifications which helps them to resettle in the society. A research says
that the prisoners who get education inside the prisons after release are
less likely to re-offend.
In furtherance of this, steps are taken by the government and both adult
and formal education arrangements have been made for the prisoners in
India with the help of governmental resources and NGOs participation.
Study centers of INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY
(IGNOU) and NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OPEN
SCHOOLING(NIOS) were establish in Tihar jail and many other prisons
in India to provide education to the prisoners.
The Indira Gandhi National Open
University, known as IGNOU, is
a distance learning national
university located in IGNOU road,
Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India.
The university was established in
IGNOU, the largest university in the world with 4,000,000 students, was founded to
impart education by means of distance and open education.
This university is providing several graduate, post graduate and diploma courses to the
able prisoners in India.
The university also provides degrees and certificates to the passing candidates after
The National Institute of Open
Schooling (NIOS), is the Board of
Education for Distance education,
under the Union Government of
This institute was established in
The NIOS is a national board that administers examinations for Secondary and Senior
Secondary examinations of open schools similar to the CBSE and the CISCE.
This institute is the largest open schooling system in the world provides various
courses /programs to the prisoners like: Primary, Secondary and Senior Secondary
education, Vocational Education courses and Life Enrichment Programs.
Expenditure on fees for IGNOU / NIOS courses is borne by the Government. Study
material like note-books, pens etc. is also being provided free of cost to inmate
Vocational education (education based on occupation or employment) (also known
as vocational education and training or VET) is education that prepares people for
specific trades, crafts and careers at various levels.
Vocational Training like pen manufacturing, book binding, manure making, screen
printing, envelope making, tailoring and cutting, shoe-making, creative art therapy
etc. are given to the prisoners so that they cant rehabilitate themselves in the society
after their release.
The prisoner's participation in games and sports like volleyball, cricket, basketball,
kho-kho, kabbaddi, chess, carom etc. are organized during winter sports festivals,
which are popularly known in the jail as "Tihar Olympics".
Inter jail cultural meets in which competitions
in music, dance, sher-o-shairi, quawali,
painting, quiz etc. are organized for inmates.
All Religious and National festivals are celebrated by one and all inside the prisons.
On Republic Day and Independence Day National Flag is hoisted in all the prisons.
This is a big occasion which helps the jail administration to convey to the prisoners
that "We Care".
Education of illiterate adolescents and adult prisoners shall be
Because of wide variations in intelligence level and individual interests of
inmates, it is essential to organize diverse educational programs to suit the
needs of the larger groups.
Educational programs should cover subjects which would
help to develop the inmate as affective members of social groups.
Non-Governmental Organizations should be extensively
involved in the educational programs.
Proper check on implementation of governmental policies regarding prison
Media should be allowed to enter inside the prisons.
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