Meeting the Needs ofChildren and Families Manohari Maunawa 300639832 ECEP 233Professor Lisa McCaie 6th April 2012
“This is What I Feel “I feel much more empathetic towards the child and themother as both of them have hearing impairments. Theyare vulnerable and the impairment might sometimesmatters to their success negatively. At this point Maria issuccessful as she could escape with her baby from danger,and found their survival. But now again as they have toface unpredictable situation in life. Unfortunately, child’smom is sixteen years and she might have the capacity tobe fallen into a difficult situation as she needs to fulfilimmense responsibilities in life, but there is no additionalhelp to bring up her baby.
She Really Needs Help!!!!! In reality this mother always requires help and assistance to live the life with her four months old infant. She also has the problem of bringing up her child and maintain her family expences.Thus she needs financial assistance too.
The issues concern in the child’slife are; Child’s mother being a teenager and she needs assistance to make her baby’s life successful. Mother has a hearing impairment and it affects her daily routine with a four months old infant. Her impairment should be supported with proper diagnosis, followed up by hearing aids.
Child’s mom is confused of whathappened to her???? Child’s family is lost and they faced an attack, so that the mother must have been in a crucial situation with a poor mental status. She too might be daydreaming of a better life Therefore; the family should be assisted immediately. In reality the family shifted to another region, leaving everything they owned before. Now she faces troubles as she lost her belongings necessary for their daily routine.
She Needs Help as She islonely!!! The child is alone with her mother as she is the only caregiver, and mother became a isolated from her family members and lead a kind of life full of loneliness, with a hearing impairment. Consultations, and home visits are required at this point. When the baby cries at night and the mother sacrifices herself with sleepless nights, wakes up very often as she does not hear the child’s cry. Therefore a certain technique needs to be implemented to get away from the difficulty.
Child’s mother faces difficulties atthe clinic!!! As she cannot get the services of the local clinic as she has hearing impairememt. She needs the service of an interpreter to communicate with the doctor and others. The baby needs to be diagnosed with appropriate hearing tests, suitable for the age.
2.Child’s Needs Child’s hearing impairment can be diagnosed by the the medical experts Get the child tested fir Hearing Impairment and support!
Hearing Tests are Important! In the first few years of life, hearing is a critical important part of kids social, emotional, and cognitive development. Even a mild or partial hearing loss can affect a childs ability to speak and understand language. The good news is, hearing problems can be treated if theyre caught early and ideally by the time a baby is 3 months old. So its important to get your childs hearing screened early and regularly. Hearing impairment is classified from mild to severe(Lisa’s notes)
Get to know What Causes are of Hearing Impairments. Child is diagnosed to be deaf, still the child needs to be diagnosed further to decide by Brain Stem Evoke Response(to find the degree of abnormality of whether he is deaf or not, show him to ENT and get diagnosed to find out defect in conduction(to do the surgery, cochlear implant)) or in the nerve (year phone-hearing aids) If found deafness audiogram(hearing for the frequencies, but for a infant of 4 months cannot be conducted.
Proper Diagnosis is Essential forProper Care ! CHL (conduction hearing loss)that results from obstruction of the auditory canal because of cerumen(wax) or a foreign body. It can be treated by removing the obstruction. Infection is treated by giving antibiotics by an ENT Or an otolaryngologist . SNHL(Sensory Neural Hearing Loss) cannot be medically treated. In mild-to-moderate hearing loss, amplification with hearing aids is used to give the child as much auditory input as possible. Speech therapy may be beneficial. If the child requires special schooling, the school should determine how much speech training is routinely part of the school day.
3.As an ECE I Must be Aware of the Needs We as caregivers have the ability to talk to the parent regarding the hearing impairment of the child as sometimes hearing loss in young children is temporary, caused by a cold or ear infection. Another fact is that many causes of hearing loss in young children can be treated. Age appropriate activities could be planned and implemented such children’s communicating, interpretation of feelings and acquiring cognitive skills and increase use of other senses are obvious in children. In addition they can still live an active, normal lives(Lisa class notes). Plan activities to meet the Infant needs such as physical, cognitive impaired and social skills and so on.
Be Aware to Find out Whetherthe Baby is Heard Find out whether the baby is heard. When the baby is a bit older, between four and six months, she should have some head control. Call her name to see if she turns towards you or reacts to your voice. She might also turn her eyes or head to look for an interesting sound. As hearing and talking are linked, by four months your baby should start to make cooing sounds and other noises.
Modification to PhysicalEnvironment Talk loudly, gradually start sign language. Play music loudly check whether he turns head to the direction of the sound and light signal together Speech therapist’s service Plan activities accordingly
ECE’s always have to MaintainProfessionallism access to a visual language, American Sign Language (ASL), and English as a second language. Child and family receive regular home visits with a Parent Infant Program (PIP) teacher addressing the childs language acquisition in ASL and English, literacy development, and child development interests. Let the interpreters come in as they are available for languages spoken other than ASL and English. Before IPP starts obtain the permission from parent in the form 14(Lisa’s notes)
Get involve in the HearingImpairement Find out from the parents/guardians the degree of the impairment. Understand child’s hearing loss and what that means for the child. Ask the child’s parent or guardian how to use and care for the hearing aid or other special equipment. Support the child socially. Be sure you have the child’s attention before giving Give necessary instructions. Speak in full sentences, at normal speed, to the child’s face—and smile.
Use Different Methods toCommunicate with the Child Use visual cues such as pictures or gesturEncourage the child to let you know when he or she doesn’t understand by using a special signal. If the child doesn’t understand at ﬁrst, rephrase your comment rather than repeating it. If the child uses sign language, learn some simple sign language symbols. Provide opportunities for the child to talk.
Help the Child further Encourage the child to let you know when he or she doesn’t understand by using a special signal. If the child doesn’t understand at ﬁrst, rephrase your comment rather than repeating it. If the child uses sign language, learn some simple sign Use Language symbols. Provide opportunities for the child to talk.
Continuously Communicate withthe Child! Child care givers can experiment on simple types of tests used to diagnose hearing loss depend on the age of the child, it can include: Simple tests, such as shaking a rattle nearby and observing the response (behavioural observation audiometry). Respond to the child with basic needs such as hunger, Talk loudly, and gradually start the sign language Play music loudly and at the same time check whether the child turns his head to the direction of the sound.(Initially this activity can be done using sound and light signals together ) Speech therapist’s service is essential and it could be arranged with the permission of the parent.
Continuously Communicate with the Child! Obtain resource teacher’s assistance and advice to select necessary activities for the child’s improvement. Team meetings with the co-workers to discuss about the child. Arrange parents’ meetings to discuss about the childs strengths and weaknesses, for the purpose of giving much more attention to enhance with skills Discuss with the centre supervisor, about the child’s needs and requirements that caregivers could responsible for. Seek an interpreters service when communication is needed with the child’s mother.
Development Domains and theDegree of Impairement Start practising visual language, American Sign Language (ASL), and English as a second language considering the development domains for a four month old infant with hearing impairment. Arrange the child and family receive regular home visits with a Parent Infant Program (PIP) teacher addressing the childs language acquisition in ASL and English, literacy development, and child development interests
About the Agencies Silent Voice Silent Voice is a not-for-profit charitable organization It is the only organization in the GTA offering community and family-based support to deaf children and adults in American Sign Language(ASL) since 1975. They not only provide social-recreational programs in ASL for deaf children and their hearing brothers and sisters and they teach hearing family members the language of ASL
Silent Voice They are in partnership with other organizations, offer special assistance and outreach services to disadvantaged deaf adults living in the community. The MISSION statement gives the messages that; Silent Voice serves deaf children, Deaf youth and adults, and their families in a sign language environment. They are dedicated to improving communication and relationships between the deaf and hearing in families and in our community. They also recognize the right of an individual within the Deaf community to use the communication method of their choice.
Silent Voice The cost is not mentioned anywhere in their literature and it is an essental service in need. They honour the sanctity and dignity of human life. They consider that the role of family is central to the individual and to society. The role of community is central to the individual and to society. They provide full-time services to the Deaf community. Organized and encouraged development of adult deaforganizations and childrens programs.
Silent VoiceReferrals The teenage mom can be referred by contacting at: 416-463-1104 (Voice) 416-463-3928 (TTY) Availability Not mentioned but the toll free number can be use get information. http://www.silentvoice.ca/
About the AgenciesCanadian Cultural Society of theDeaf Information about the agency: CCSD supports Deaf children and youth at summer camps by providing positive Deaf role models and awards, grants to promote youth exchange programs, special projects CCSD has developed a standardized tool known as ASLICE (American Sign Language Instructors of Canada Evaluation) to assess ASL and LSQ skills for instructors of sign language. Fun gathering place that is open to the public and rooted in the deaf community. It provides education, culture, visual and performing arts.
Canadian Cultural Society ofthe Deaf Deaf Art celebrates and nourishes Deaf life. All artists share the rich, visual world that flows from the human desire to create, to communicate and to imagine. They converse, study, work and play, and when we tell our stories, create poetry, drama and other literature in Signed Languages, and nurture and safeguard Deaf Culture across the generations. Deaf Culture thrives in the places where people gather and share our Signed Languages and our traditions, humour, common interests and experiences. In Deaf schools, Deaf clubs and institutions, through sports, the arts and congresses, they make deep and lasting connections of the people with hearing impairment and the people around them.
ReferralsThe teenage mom can be referred by anybody who wants to help bycontacting at 416.203.2294 voice 416.203.0343 fax 416.203.1086 Availability Not mentioned anywhere but they ask the clients to contact them directly CostThe cost is not mentioned but it always mentions they serve others.http://www.deafculturecentre.ca/public/Default.aspx?I=98&n=CCSD
About the Agencies Aisling DiscoveriesInformation about the agency; The Vision of Aisling Discoveries is to help out the community. In this endeavor they focus attention on the social and emotional wellbeing children and families by means of their community outreach programs and other programs that they enable families to participate.
Aisling DiscoveriesMISSION STATEMENT to provide responsive services in partnership with families and communities to strengthen the social and emotional well-being of children and promote their healthy development. They provide a service connecting with families timely basis and when the need arises in order to make them socially and emotionally strong and accepted persons.
Aisling Discoveries VALUES Their belief in partnership with families and communities where the well-being of children is mostly recognied. They always connect with the families and the community in order to find how they can help children. Their main concern is to help children.
Aisling Discoveries DIVERSITY AND RESPECT They embrace diversity, recognize uniqueness, build on strengths and treat individuals with respect. This agency respects diversity and pays attention to individual needs and requirements and caters for individually. They are not an outdated or traditional organization as they respect new ideas and put them into practice accordingly.
Aisling Discoverieso Family Centre clinical collaboration Aisling Discoveries Child and Family Centre, is publicly funded the Infant-Child Treatment Team (ICT) offers prevention, early intervention, community consultation and treatment programs, including family, group and parent- child interaction counseling, for infants, preschoolers (from birth to age six) and their families. Raising children is a rewarding job, but it also comes with many challenges.
Aisling DiscoveriesFamily Centre They have developed a series of information sheets on various aspects of parenting young children. Clicking on the links is a great opportunity for Parents to read and get ideas online. We hope you will find them helpful.
Family Centre What they do? Aisling Discoveries Child and Family Centre provides service to children from birth to twelve who are experiencing or are at risk of developing social, emotional or behavioural problems. The Centre is committed to promoting and strengthening the emotional and social well-being of children and their families, through a variety of prevention, intervention and treatment services. Families are an important part of the treatment and decision making process. Almost all the services accessible are culturally sensitive.
What they do? The Centre provides a flexible, responsive counselling service for children from 4 to 12 years of age and their families to address specific treatment and service needs. The program goals are to improve the functioning of children and their families by providing appropriate and effective counselling and supportive treatment services and to ensure service coordination and continuity of treatment planning for children and families.
Aisling Discoveries Estimated waiting time: 1 month from initial call for day appointments. Estimated waiting time: 3 months from initial call for evening appointments.
Aisling DiscoveriesAbout Our Services They offer services for children from birth to 12 years of age who have social, emotional or behavioural problems. They are committed to promoting the optimal growth of children and their families in an atmosphere of warmth, trust and respect. They strive to provide the kind of support that’s right for your child and your family, based on current research in what works best.
Aisling Discoveries Most of their programs are offered to families living in the communities of Scarborough and East York. Some of the programs are offered across the City of Toronto. All services are offered free of charge. If the families need help from another agency, they will help them get linked up with the best place.
Aisling DiscoveriesReferrals The teenage mother with hearing impairment can be referred to suitable services by calling the Intake staff at 416-321-5464, extension 233.Cost The cost is not mentionedAvailabilityOffice Hours: Mon-Thurs. 9:00am-7:30pm Fri. 9:00am-4:00pmhttp://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/what_we_do/intro
AgenciesHuman Resources and SkillsDevelopment Canada The Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP) helps Canadians with disabilities and their families save for the future.REQUIREMENTS; Canadian residents under age 60 and are eligible for the Disability Tax Credit (Disability Amount)Eligibility for an RDSP. Earnings accumulate tax-free, until you take money out of your RDSP. Parents or guardians may open an RDSP for a minor. With written permission from the holder, anyone can contribute to the RDSP.
A registered disability savings plan (RDSP) is a savings plan to help parents and others save for the long-term financial security of a person who is eligible for the disability tax credit (disability amount). And remember, you are not alone. Support is available from health professionals, education services and voluntary organizations. Talk to other parents, too, who can share their experiences and offer advice. who lost her family and belongings Lives in a new region of the country. She faces an unfamiliar surroundings and people She has to earn for living
Biblioography Lectures and Handouts-Professor Lisa McCaie http://www.deafculturecentre.ca/public/Default.aspx?I=98& n=CCSD . http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/eyes/hear.html http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/tpcs/rdsp-reei/menu- eng.html http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/disability_issues/disability_savi ngs/index.shtml?gclid=CPP-vffHg68CFUMTNAod-nqN4A http://www.babycenter.ca/baby/health/hearing/ http://www.oraldeafed.org/ Picture(http://www.voicefordeafkids.com/) http://connectability.ca/2011/10/05/hearing-impairments/
4NSURING YOUR CHILDS HEARING AIDS AND FM EQUIPMENT Most home insurance policies do not provide insurance coverage for hearing aids and FM equipment. Check with your individual home insurance company for details and costs of extra Insurance coverage.
Help for the family The Canadian government has disability tax credits, disability tax benefits and other grants that are available for people with disabilities. However obtaining these benefits can be complex and overwhelming. At The National Benefit Authority we make your disability benefits claim process simple and easy. We do all the hard work to make sure you receive every dollar the CRA owes you. The Canadian government has recently added more programs for people with disabilities such as the Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP) and the First-Time Home Buyers Tax Credit. We will ensure that you are eligible for these disability benefits and disability tax credits as well as any future benefits that may be introduced.