Counselling in hiv
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Counselling in hiv

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this is all about the HIV AIDS. the stages of counselling is presented in this.

this is all about the HIV AIDS. the stages of counselling is presented in this.

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Counselling in hiv Counselling in hiv Presentation Transcript

  • Counselling in HIV/AIDS
  • HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This is because of the following reasons. They are: O an increased number of sexual partners O IV drug use O anal intercourse O any sex (oral, anal or vaginal) without condoms O alcohol and other drug use (sex is more impulsive and use of condoms less likely if under the influence of alcohol or other drugs) O tattoos and body piercing with contaminated (unsterile) needles or instruments
  • Why counselling is needed? O To improve the patient’s understanding about the disease and its management O To improve the medication adherence behaviour and improved therapeutic outcomes O To adopt healthy lifestyles O To improve the quality of life
  • Areas to counsell O Before doing the test (pre-test) O After the test (post-test) O Crisis counselling. O Adherence counselling
  • Pre test O This is the counselling that is given to the person who is willing to test for hiv Steps in counselling O Making the patient comfortable O Reason for testing O Concepts and misconceptions O Clarifications about HIV and AIDS O Health education O Clarify about the test O Practicalities of the test O Coping mechanism O Confidentiality O consent
  • Post test (Positive) O Breaking the news O Medical plan O Plan for the future O Reduction of high risk behaviour O Networking O Support the patient
  • Crisis Counselling A person who is HIV positive will face many crises in life. He/she needs to be counselled. O The patient should decide the best option for their situation. O The patient should report back to the counsellor and tell about the progress that he/se is making.
  • Adherence Counselling O It involves change in behaviour so that the patient is disciplined and conditioned to take medication O It should start from the time the diagnosis of HIV is made.