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Counselling in hiv
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Counselling in hiv

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this is all about the HIV AIDS. the stages of counselling is presented in this.

this is all about the HIV AIDS. the stages of counselling is presented in this.

Published in Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Counselling in HIV/AIDS
  • 2. HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This is because of the following reasons. They are: O an increased number of sexual partners O IV drug use O anal intercourse O any sex (oral, anal or vaginal) without condoms O alcohol and other drug use (sex is more impulsive and use of condoms less likely if under the influence of alcohol or other drugs) O tattoos and body piercing with contaminated (unsterile) needles or instruments
  • 3. Why counselling is needed? O To improve the patient’s understanding about the disease and its management O To improve the medication adherence behaviour and improved therapeutic outcomes O To adopt healthy lifestyles O To improve the quality of life
  • 4. Areas to counsell O Before doing the test (pre-test) O After the test (post-test) O Crisis counselling. O Adherence counselling
  • 5. Pre test O This is the counselling that is given to the person who is willing to test for hiv Steps in counselling O Making the patient comfortable O Reason for testing O Concepts and misconceptions O Clarifications about HIV and AIDS O Health education O Clarify about the test O Practicalities of the test O Coping mechanism O Confidentiality O consent
  • 6. Post test (Positive) O Breaking the news O Medical plan O Plan for the future O Reduction of high risk behaviour O Networking O Support the patient
  • 7. Crisis Counselling A person who is HIV positive will face many crises in life. He/she needs to be counselled. O The patient should decide the best option for their situation. O The patient should report back to the counsellor and tell about the progress that he/se is making.
  • 8. Adherence Counselling O It involves change in behaviour so that the patient is disciplined and conditioned to take medication O It should start from the time the diagnosis of HIV is made.