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Germany Life and People: an Introduction

Germany Life and People: an Introduction



A Short Introduction about Germany - facts and figure, life and people

A Short Introduction about Germany - facts and figure, life and people



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    Germany Life and People: an Introduction Germany Life and People: an Introduction Presentation Transcript

    • Germany A Brief Introduction of Life & People Christine Bartsch & Dr. Hora Tjitra www.SinauOnline.com
    • Content History Geography Government Culture
    • Facts  Capital (and largest city): Berlin  Official languages: German  Population: (Dec. 31, 2006) estimate 82,314,900 (14th)  Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)  Time zone: CST- 7/ Summer: CST-6  Internet TLD: .de  Calling code: +49  Germany is  on the European continent  and in the European Union
    • History - from 843 till 1933 Martin Luther, 1483–  843-1806: Holy Roman 1546 initiated the Protestant Reformation Empire (1618-1648: Thirty Year´s War)  1814-1871: Restoration and Revolution (Fall of Napoleon; 1814 Founding of the German Foundation of modern Confederation; 1866: North German Germany in Versailles-France, Federation) 1871. Bismarck is at the center  1871-1918: German Empire in a white uniform. (1914-18: World War I; 1918 German Revolution)  1919-1933: Weimar Republic (Great Depression)
    • History - from 1933 till 1945 1933.Jan: Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany, Nazi Reich Adolf Hitler and 1933.Feb: Reichstag was set on fire - Benito Mussolini > totalitarian State in Yugoslavia 1938: Policy of expansionism 1939: „Blitzkrieg“ and beginning of World War II 1945: Occupation of Berlin trough the Red Army World War II and the Nazi genocide were responsible for about 35 million dead in Europe. Berlin in ruins after World War II, Potsdamer Platz 1945
    • History - from 1945 till 1990 1945: Four military occupation zones 1949: F, UK and US established the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), the Sowjet Zone the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) Allied occupation zones in 1946  1961: Berlin Wall was build  1981: Unexpectedly easing of border restrictions The Berlin Wall in front of the  1990: German reunification Brandenburg Gate shortly after the opening in 1989
    • Geography - Neighbours Denmark Netherlands Poland Belgium Luxembourg Czech Republic France Austria Switzerland
    • Geography - Terrains Alps scenery in Bavaria  Mountains: the Alps highest - Zugspitze 2,963m  Water: 357,021 km²: 349,223 km² - land; 7,798 km²  Seas: North-east - Baltic Sea; north-west - North Sea  Rivers: Rhine, Danube and Elbe Altitude levels
    • Geography - Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Min Temp. -3 -3 1 4 8 11 13 13 9 6 2 -2 °C Max Temp. 2 3 8 13 19 22 24 23 19 13 7 3 °C Rain Days / 15 16 14 11 8 7 7 9 10 12 14 15 month  Northand north-west - oceanic; South and south east - continental. Max: 30°C
    • Government Chancellor President Horst Angela Merkel Köhler Federal Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic Angela Merkel between the G8
    • States  16 States (Baden Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg Vorpommern, Niedrsachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thüringen)  Subdivided into 439 Districts The Reichstag (Berlin) of the German parliament
    • Economy Germany is the largest national economy in Europe, the third largest by nominal GDP in the world, and ranked fifth by GDP (PPP) Rank Order - GDP (purchasing power parity) CIA Factbook 2005. Retrieved 2006 Germany was the world's leading exporter of goods in 2006 Frankfurt is a major financial centre and a global aviation hub
    • Infrastructure The ICE 3 trainset  Important transportation hub:  Extensive motorway (Autobahn) network  High-speed trains: train speed - 160 km/h to 300 km/h; Deutsche Bahn Hamburg Harbour is the second-largest in Europe
    • Post and Phone  The postal system in Germany is nearly the same as in China  Public pay phones: Deutsche Telecom (DT) phonecards - denominations of € 5, € 10, and € 15 from: post offices, newsagents, tourist offices, public transport offices
    • Shopping ALDI: cheap  Shops in cities: open Monday but good food to Saturday from 10am to 7pm  Larger department stores and supermarkets: till 8pm  Smaller stores: till 6pm  After hour shopping: petrol stations, train stations  Bakeries: some hours on Sunday  In some places: extra payment for bags KAUFHOF: expensive food, for specialities
    • Traffic Traffic rush hour: between 7- 9am, 5 - 7pm Don´t cross streets when it ´s not green at the traffic light
    • Money  Credit cards: petrol stations, large shops and major hotels  American Express, Diners Club, predominating MasterCard and Visa  Money Charge: banks, post offices, airport, train station
    • Castles Königsstein Rothenburg Neu Schwanstein Potsdam
    • Cities Berlin Munich Dresden Hamburg
    • Culture Blaues Pferd I, 1911 by Franz Marc Ludwig van Beethoven Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Albert Einstein
    • Philosophy Immanuel Kant Karl Marx (1724–1804) (1818-1883) Friedrich Nietsche (1844-1900)
    • Sports Michael Schumacher has won seven F1 championships and is one of the highest paid athletes of all time The Allianz Arena is host to Bayern Munich and was a venue for the 2006 FIFA World Cup
    • Drink Thirteen wine regions, number one of German wine exports: Riesling 1500 beer breweries
    • Cuisine A typical cheese and cold meat buffet served at private festivities German Bread German sausages A Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte (Black Forest gateau)
    • Do´s and Dont´s ◊ Stand up to shake hands with someone you meet. ◊ Flowers: Give an uneven number when you visit someone. ◊ Servers will appreciate a tip that is appropriate to how you were treated and how you enjoyed your dining experience. ◊ Cross your knife and fork if you take a break, parallel them if you are done. ◊ You have to order water extra and pay extra.
    • Vielen Dank Any comments & questions are welcome Contact me at hora_t@sianuonline.com www.SinauOnline.com @ Tjitra, 2010 26