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  • 1. Chil en Infect &A ed by dr ed ffect HIV A / IDS Youth Advocate Program International 4545 42nd St. NW, Suite 209 Washington DC 20016, USA www.yapi.org
  • 2. HIVA / IDS W tDo Y Know ha ou ? What is HIV? What is AIDS? "Hel kids under a a A is ping st nd bout IDS t mostimpora t I do. Some kids he t nt hing How is the disease transmitted? l t pr end t tit notha ike o et ha s ppening in t w l Byl t t knoww t he ord. eting hem has r lygoingon, I mightsa e someones eal v life." In what part of the world is Hydeia L. Broadbent HIV/AIDS most prevalent? AIDS patient and activist. Who is vulnerable to contracting HIV/AIDS?
  • 3. HIVA / IDS T ms t Know er o  HIV: the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a retrovirus that attacks the cells of the immune system. HIV is transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids (eg. exposure to infected blood, during sexual activity with an infected individual, by sharing needles). It can also pass from an infected mother to her child. HIV is the virus that eventually causes AIDS.  AIDS: an Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome diagnosis is made when symptoms that indicate the disease (primarily a decrease in the number of immune system cells in a person’s bloodstream) are identified by a doctor in a HIV- positive person.
  • 4. HIVA / IDS T ms t Know er o CRC: the Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international treaty that recognizes the human rights of the children, defined as persons up to the age of 18 years. It ensure the rights to survival, development, protection and participation of all children without discrimination. CSEC: “[Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children] comprises sexual abuse by the adult and remuneration in cash or kind to the child or a third person or persons. The child is treated as a sexual object and as a commercial object.” (World Conference Against CSEC)
  • 5. HIVA / IDS Ba F ct sic a s Every minute five people around the world between the ages of 10 and 24 are infected with HIV. There are 2.5 million children under the age of 15 living with the disease worldwide. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the majority of new infections occurs among young people between the ages of 15 and 24. Of the 3 million who died of AIDS in 2003, 500,000 were children. The total number of children orphaned by AIDS – 13.2 million as of 2001 – is expected to more than double by 2010.Source: UNAIDS. <www.unaids.org> (April 29, 2004).Source: UNAIDS, “AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2003,” p.3.Source: UNICEF, “Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis,” p.6 [publication on-line] www.unicef.org/publictions/pub_youngpeople_hivaids_en.pdf (February 17, 2004).Source: UNAIDS, “AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2003,” p.3.Source: UN Special Session on HIV/AIDS. “Fact Sheet.” 2001.
  • 6. HIVA / IDS W e ae Chil en a ed byHIVA her r dr ffect / IDS? Source: UNAIDS/WHO
  • 7. HIVA / IDS W do chil en ha e HIVA hy dr v / IDS? Most children under 15 who have HIV/AIDS are infected through their infected mothers – that is, through mother child transmission.  this occurs during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding after birth. Sexual activity (the main route of disease transmission) starts in adolescence for most people worldwide.  Young people who are uninformed about HIV/AIDS transmission risk becoming infected. Poverty, lack of education, lack of medical resources, and the commercial sexual exploitation of children also help spread HIV/AIDS among children worldwide.
  • 8. HIVA / IDS W chil en ae mosta ed? hich dr r ffect  Adolescent girls and young women are at a disproportionately high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS.  Girls are physiologically more vulnerable to infection.  Gender-based inequities mean “girls and women are more likely to be poor and powerless,” hence are more vulnerable to sexual exploitation and HIV/AIDS infection.  Violence against girls in the form of forced or coerced sex, or CSEC also increase their chances of becoming infected.  Children who live on the streets.  Children who inject drugs.
  • 9. HIVA / IDS Howae chil en a ed? r dr ffect Children with HIV/AIDS have weaker immune systems and are more susceptible to other illnesses. Children with HIV/AIDS may be stigmatized and/ or rejected from their families and communities.  this discrimination fosters ignorance about HIV/AIDS and stigma against testing for, treating the disease. This in turn makes it difficult to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. Children are orphaned when their parents die from HIV/AIDS.
  • 10. HIVA / IDS W tis beingdone t hel ha o p? NGOs and governments are working together to educate the public about HIV/AIDS and to direct individuals to clinics that offer free HIV testing. Researchers continue their efforts to find better treatments to help those with AIDS – and ultimately, a cure.  however, new medicines are often too expensive for poor countries.  intellectual property rights also block the production of more affordable, generic medicines. Some governments have increased funding and adopted legislation that help children with AIDS.
  • 11. HIVA / IDS R p a Discussion eca nd  How can HIV/AIDS be transmitted? How“Cae forus a a us – w ae alhuma r nd ccept e r l n do children contract HIV?beings. W ae nor l W ha e ha W e r ma. e v nds. eha e feet W ca w l w ca t l w ha e v . e n ak, e n ak, e vneeds j l e ev yone el – don’tbe a a ust iv er se fr id  Who is most vulnerable? ofus – w ae alt sa e r l he me!”  How can you prevent yourself from Nkosi Johnson 13 International AIDS Conference th contracting HIV?  How do you think people would react if you had HIV/AIDS?  What are the stigmas attached to HIV/AIDS?  What could organizations and governments do to help AIDS orphans?
  • 12. HIVA / IDS W tCa Y Do? ha n ou E t yourself about HIV/AIDS. ducae Cont ct local, state, and national a politicians for support for HIV/AIDS.  Write letters asking for their opinion on HIV/ AIDS. T l to your parents about HIV/AIDS. ak  Educate the adults in your life! A ocae for HIV/AIDS awareness! dv t  Begin a social awareness/human rights club.
  • 13. HIVA / IDS F M e Infor t or or maion AIDS.org UNAIDS www.aids.org www.unaids.org Center for Disease Control UNICEF www.cdc.gov www.unicef.org/aids AIDS Alliance for Children, Youth Youth Advocate Program & Families International www.aids-alliance.org www.yapi.org Population Services International www.youthaids.org