Nation Report Part 2: Peru


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Nation Report Part 2: Peru

  1. 1. Peruvian Culture Nations Report: Part 2 Irving Simpson 18 May 2011 History 141
  2. 2. Traditional Peruvian Clothing <ul><li>Peru has a variety of indigenous groups, all with differences in their customary styles of clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Many traditional styles of dress are composites of native and European items of apparel </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s skirts, polleras, are variations on European fashion of colonial times and are brightly decorated with regional designs </li></ul><ul><li>Women will wear multiple skirts for the layering effect and up to 15 skirts on special occasions </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes are often produced with contemporary colors and materials with traditional designs and handcrafting </li></ul><ul><li>Two unique items of clothing from Peru and the ancient Andean cultures are popular around the world: poncho and chullo </li></ul><ul><li>The poncho is an outer garment made from a flat piece of fabric with a hole in the middle for the head and meant to keep the body warm and dry, if waterproof, and double as a blanket or ground cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Peruvian ponchos are handwoven and decorated with distinctive designs unique to each district and worn for special occasions </li></ul><ul><li>The chullo is a style of hat with earflaps made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep's wool that provides protection from the harsh Andean weather </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Peruvian clothing is worn to highlight regional differences and foster pride in indigenous heritage </li></ul>Women's traditional dress in the Ausangate region
  3. 3. José Sabogal <ul><li>José Sabogal (March 19, 1888 – December 15, 1956) was born in Lima, Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled extensively in Europe (particularly Italy) and North Africa from 1908 to 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at the National School of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires, Argentina for five years </li></ul><ul><li>Time he spent in Cuzco inspired his interest in the indigenous character of the city and its inhabitants; the paintings attracted attention at a 1919 exhibition in Lima </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Sabogal's heritage was Spanish and not indigenous, he promoted pre-Columbian culture and esthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Sabogal started teaching at Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, Lima in 1920 and served as its director from 1932 to 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>He became a founding figure of a movement within Peruvian art referred to as &quot;Indigenismo&quot; which emerged in the 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indigenismo” characterizes a modernizing shift in Peruvian art and a vindication of Peru’s native heritage and represents an influential social movement throughout Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Heightened colors, emphatic outlines, and the static figures and shapes of Andean landscapes and people typify Sabogal’s work </li></ul><ul><li>His indigenous subjects caused great commotion among Peruvian artists </li></ul><ul><li>Sabogal cofounded the Free Institute of Peruvian Arts and the National Museum of Peruvian Culture towards the end of his career </li></ul>Las Llamas by Jose Sabogal
  4. 4. Mario Vargas Llosa <ul><li>Mario Vargas Llosa was born March 28, 1936 and lived with his mother and her parents until he was ten; at that time, his mother and father were reunited </li></ul><ul><li>Vargas Llosa is one of Latin America's most significant novelists and essayists and a leading author of his time </li></ul><ul><li>He is associated with the literary movement, the Latin American Boom, a group of experimental authors dealing with the changing political landscape of Latin America in the 1960’s and reacting to the reverberations of revolution in Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Critics regard his international impact and worldwide audience as greater than any of the other Latin American Boom writers </li></ul><ul><li>Vargas Llosa has been politically involved throughout his career, having even run for the Peruvian presidency; his political leanings have moved him from left to right, from an affinity with Marxism towards liberalism; he was eventually disillusioned by the Fidel’s Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Many of Vargas Llosa's works are influenced by his personal experiences of Peru, particularly experiences of his childhood and youth </li></ul><ul><li>As he spent more time abroad, at university in Spain, for example, his range expanded and his themes started to include a concern with other parts of the world </li></ul><ul><li>He divides his time between Spain and Peru and travel widely </li></ul><ul><li>Over the course of his career, his focus shifted from the seriousness of literary modernism to the lighter and more comical spirit of postmodernism </li></ul><ul><li>He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010 &quot;for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat&quot; </li></ul>Mario Vargas Llosa in 2010
  5. 5. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Street band from Peru is performing in Tokyo