California: A History


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California: A History

  1. 1. Irving Simpson 8 May 2011 History 141 California: A History Power Point
  2. 2. General George S. Patton Chapter 9 <ul><li>George S. Patton was born in San Gabriel Township, California, what today is San Marino, in 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>He is a third generation Californian </li></ul><ul><li>As a child, he was enthralled by the stories of his father’s friend, Confederate Coronel John S. Mosby </li></ul><ul><li>Patton dreamed of becoming a general himself </li></ul><ul><li>Patton’s relatives were distinguished Southern California residents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Father was Los Angeles District Attorney and the first mayor of San Marino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather was fur trapper in Alta California, second mayor of Los Angeles, and namesake of Mt. Wilson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patton commanded one of the first tank brigades during WW I, ending the War as a coronel </li></ul><ul><li>After illustrious WW II campaigns, Patton returned home to a victory parade in Los Angeles, June 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Patton donated an original copy of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, that he had smuggled home, to the Huntington Library in his hometown of San Marino </li></ul><ul><li>He died in a freak road accident in Germany, December 1945 </li></ul>General Patton in a 1945 Los Angeles parade
  3. 3. Japanese Internment Chapter 9 <ul><li>Ethnic Japanese in California experienced blatant prejudice in first half of the 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>1905 - anti-miscegenation law prohibited marriages between Caucasians and Mongolians (Japanese) </li></ul><ul><li>1924 - Oriental Exclusion Law prevented Japanese from becoming citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Of 112,000 ethnic Japanese on the west coast, 80,000 were U.S. born citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, allowed local military commanders to designate &quot;military areas&quot; as &quot;exclusion zones,&quot; from which &quot;any or all persons may be excluded” </li></ul><ul><li>The entire west coast was determined to an “exclusion zone” </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Order 9102, issued March 18, 1942, created the Civilian War Relocation Authority </li></ul><ul><li>In four months, 110,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans were confined in camps </li></ul><ul><li>100% of the west coast ethnic Japanese were interred, except for a few men in the military </li></ul><ul><li>The exclusion order was rescinded on January 2, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Manzanar Relocation Center was named a National Historic Site in 1992 </li></ul>Manzanar War Recolation Center
  4. 4. Disneyland Chapter 9 <ul><li>During the 1940’s, 50’s, and 60’s Southern California grew dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels, resorts, and expositions represented an important component of Southern California growth and presented an utopian statement about the region </li></ul><ul><li>Walt Disney was inspired by visits to amusement parks with his children </li></ul><ul><li>Disney’s father told stories of working at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893 and the famous Midway, Ferris Wheel, and attractions </li></ul><ul><li>Disney tried to build and amusement park in Burbank near the studio but lacked adequate acreage </li></ul><ul><li>Disneyland located to Orange County, to an area identified by a consultant as an area of high growth and potential </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptually, Disneyland reconciled suburbia as an extension of idealized small-town life and values </li></ul><ul><li>Growth is good and wholesome family life is compatible with a with a technological future </li></ul><ul><li>Disney mythologized the past and made it fun </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pelton Wheel Chapter 10 <ul><li>Lester Pelton – Ohio born mechanic, carpenter, and millwright </li></ul><ul><li>Came to California with the Gold Rush </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest mechanical invention to come out of the California mining period of the mid-1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>Product of intuitive, practical experimentation, not academic study </li></ul><ul><li>Pelton was watching a misaligned water wheel that spun faster than ones in proper order </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than moving with the weight of the water, the wheel is impelled by the momentum of the water striking the wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained first patent in 1880 for a highly efficient water turbine </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration for the spinning turbines used in hydroelectric power generation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stanford University Chapter 10
  7. 7. Telescopes Chapter 10 <ul><li>Wealthy astronomy enthusiast, James Lick, died in 1876 and left funds to build an observatory </li></ul><ul><li>A 36 inch telescope (largest in the world at the time) was established, in 1887, on Mt. Hamilton in Santa Clara County for the benefit of the University of California </li></ul><ul><li>In 1892, an astronomer discovers the fifth moon of Jupiter at the Lick Observatory </li></ul><ul><li>George Ellery Hale, a young, wealthy astronomer, visits the Lick Observatory in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Hale establishes Mt. Wilson Observatory, above Pasadena, first with a 60 inch telescope (1908) and then a 100 inch telescope (1917) </li></ul><ul><li>Palomar Observatory, a 200 inch telescope, built by Hale was the world’s most important telescope from 1949 to 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Hale reforms Throop Polytechnic as California Institute of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Edwin Powell Hubble, working at Mt. Wilson and Cal Tech, makes discoveries about the expansion of the universe </li></ul>Hooker telescope, Mt. Wilson Observatory
  8. 8. Early Film in California Chapter 11
  9. 9. William Saroyan Chapter 11 <ul><li>Born in 1908 in Fresno, California to Armenian immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Father died when Saroyan was three </li></ul><ul><li>He and his siblings were placed in an orphanage in Oakland </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Fresno after five years, reunited with family </li></ul><ul><li>Decided to become a writer after his mother showed him some of his father’s writing </li></ul><ul><li>Much of his writing was drawn from his childhood experiences growing up in the San Joaquin Valley in the Armenian-American community </li></ul><ul><li>Started publishing in newspapers and magazines in the 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>Made his breakthrough with the story 'The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze' (1934) about a struggling writer making his way through Depression-era society </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote many stories, novels, and plays including an international bestseller </li></ul><ul><li>Won a Pulitzer prize and Academy Award </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Half his ashes are in Fresno and half in Armenia </li></ul>William Saroyan, 1940
  10. 10. Group f/64 Chapter11