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California: A History


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  • 1. Irving Simpson 8 May 2011 History 141 California: A History Power Point
  • 2. General George S. Patton Chapter 9
    • George S. Patton was born in San Gabriel Township, California, what today is San Marino, in 1885
    • He is a third generation Californian
    • As a child, he was enthralled by the stories of his father’s friend, Confederate Coronel John S. Mosby
    • Patton dreamed of becoming a general himself
    • Patton’s relatives were distinguished Southern California residents
      • Father was Los Angeles District Attorney and the first mayor of San Marino
      • Grandfather was fur trapper in Alta California, second mayor of Los Angeles, and namesake of Mt. Wilson
    • Patton commanded one of the first tank brigades during WW I, ending the War as a coronel
    • After illustrious WW II campaigns, Patton returned home to a victory parade in Los Angeles, June 1945
    • Patton donated an original copy of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, that he had smuggled home, to the Huntington Library in his hometown of San Marino
    • He died in a freak road accident in Germany, December 1945
    General Patton in a 1945 Los Angeles parade
  • 3. Japanese Internment Chapter 9
    • Ethnic Japanese in California experienced blatant prejudice in first half of the 20 th century
    • 1905 - anti-miscegenation law prohibited marriages between Caucasians and Mongolians (Japanese)
    • 1924 - Oriental Exclusion Law prevented Japanese from becoming citizens
    • Of 112,000 ethnic Japanese on the west coast, 80,000 were U.S. born citizens
    • Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, allowed local military commanders to designate "military areas" as "exclusion zones," from which "any or all persons may be excluded”
    • The entire west coast was determined to an “exclusion zone”
    • Executive Order 9102, issued March 18, 1942, created the Civilian War Relocation Authority
    • In four months, 110,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans were confined in camps
    • 100% of the west coast ethnic Japanese were interred, except for a few men in the military
    • The exclusion order was rescinded on January 2, 1945
    • Manzanar Relocation Center was named a National Historic Site in 1992
    Manzanar War Recolation Center
  • 4. Disneyland Chapter 9
    • During the 1940’s, 50’s, and 60’s Southern California grew dramatically
    • Hotels, resorts, and expositions represented an important component of Southern California growth and presented an utopian statement about the region
    • Walt Disney was inspired by visits to amusement parks with his children
    • Disney’s father told stories of working at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893 and the famous Midway, Ferris Wheel, and attractions
    • Disney tried to build and amusement park in Burbank near the studio but lacked adequate acreage
    • Disneyland located to Orange County, to an area identified by a consultant as an area of high growth and potential
    • Conceptually, Disneyland reconciled suburbia as an extension of idealized small-town life and values
    • Growth is good and wholesome family life is compatible with a with a technological future
    • Disney mythologized the past and made it fun
  • 5. Pelton Wheel Chapter 10
    • Lester Pelton – Ohio born mechanic, carpenter, and millwright
    • Came to California with the Gold Rush
    • The greatest mechanical invention to come out of the California mining period of the mid-1800’s
    • Product of intuitive, practical experimentation, not academic study
    • Pelton was watching a misaligned water wheel that spun faster than ones in proper order
    • Rather than moving with the weight of the water, the wheel is impelled by the momentum of the water striking the wheel
    • Obtained first patent in 1880 for a highly efficient water turbine
    • Inspiration for the spinning turbines used in hydroelectric power generation
  • 6. Stanford University Chapter 10
  • 7. Telescopes Chapter 10
    • Wealthy astronomy enthusiast, James Lick, died in 1876 and left funds to build an observatory
    • A 36 inch telescope (largest in the world at the time) was established, in 1887, on Mt. Hamilton in Santa Clara County for the benefit of the University of California
    • In 1892, an astronomer discovers the fifth moon of Jupiter at the Lick Observatory
    • George Ellery Hale, a young, wealthy astronomer, visits the Lick Observatory in 1890
    • Hale establishes Mt. Wilson Observatory, above Pasadena, first with a 60 inch telescope (1908) and then a 100 inch telescope (1917)
    • Palomar Observatory, a 200 inch telescope, built by Hale was the world’s most important telescope from 1949 to 1992
    • Hale reforms Throop Polytechnic as California Institute of Technology
    • Edwin Powell Hubble, working at Mt. Wilson and Cal Tech, makes discoveries about the expansion of the universe
    Hooker telescope, Mt. Wilson Observatory
  • 8. Early Film in California Chapter 11
  • 9. William Saroyan Chapter 11
    • Born in 1908 in Fresno, California to Armenian immigrants
    • Father died when Saroyan was three
    • He and his siblings were placed in an orphanage in Oakland
    • Returned to Fresno after five years, reunited with family
    • Decided to become a writer after his mother showed him some of his father’s writing
    • Much of his writing was drawn from his childhood experiences growing up in the San Joaquin Valley in the Armenian-American community
    • Started publishing in newspapers and magazines in the 1930’s
    • Made his breakthrough with the story 'The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze' (1934) about a struggling writer making his way through Depression-era society
    • Wrote many stories, novels, and plays including an international bestseller
    • Won a Pulitzer prize and Academy Award
    • Died in 1981
    • Half his ashes are in Fresno and half in Armenia
    William Saroyan, 1940
  • 10. Group f/64 Chapter11