Child Friendly School Initiative

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  • 1. What is CFSI?  An initiative of Indian Academy of Pediatrics  Children spend significant portion of their time in schools  School environment has great impact on child’s well being  CFSI is a set of 10 simple criteria that schools should meet in order to promote positive health of children
  • 2. The 10 commandments  No physical punishment  No excess baggage  Safe and proper transportation to school  Hygienic drinking water  Clean kitchen or a place where children can bring and eat house food  Minimum 4 games periods in one week  Properly ventillated and illuminated class rooms  Periodic health checkups and health related lectures  Facility for First Aid in emergency  Adequate number of toilets
  • 3. 1. No physical punishment  Physical punishment has psychological and physical consequences  Responsibility of principal to ensure that no physical punishment is given to students  Child helplines are set up in many metropolitan cities
  • 4. 2. No excess baggage  Heavy school bags can lead to back pain, scoliosis and kyphosis  Bag should not weigh more than 10% of child’s weight  Bag should have 2 broad padded straps  Children should be taught to bend at knees with straight back while taking the bag  Another option – Have a duplicate set of books at home and school
  • 5. 3. Safe and proper transportation to school  Children account for 10% of road accidents  Bus should have 30-50 seats with no extra passenger, 2 fire extinguishers, first aid box  Trained driver and conductor  Bus speed not to exceed 40km/hr  Rickshaws not to carry more than 8 persons
  • 6. 4. Hygienic drinking water  Drinking water should be treated for fecal contamination and bacterial colony count  Water should be tested for chemical and biological contamination  Regular surveillance of drinking water purity  Periodic cleaning of reservoirs, disinfection, leak detection, sanitary survey, and bacteriological survey  Chlorination or use of filters
  • 7. 5. Clean kitchen or a place where children can bring and eat house food  No outside vendors should be allowed near school premises  There should be a separate eating / dining area in the schools  Nutritional and hygienic practices must be followed at all times  The idea of eating together ensures comradeship and secularism amongst children
  • 8. 6. Minimum 4 games periods in one week  It prevents children from becoming a book-worm  Helps in personality development  With increasing interest towards TV, children are losing interest in play  Provision of play field  Properly trained coach  Sufficient time to play - 4 games periods
  • 9. 7. Properly ventilated and illuminated class-rooms  Well ventilated and illuminated class rooms prevent pollution, infection and eye strain and promote efficiency  Each class room should have sufficient doors and windows  Class should accommodate atleast 40 students providing 10 sq ft/child  Rooms should be white washed from inside  There should be adequate sunlight and light should reach students desk from left side to illuminate reading surface
  • 10. 8. Periodic health checkup and health related lectures  Health checkups should be held in school premises  Time spent on each student should be atleast 10 minutes and there should be provision of follow-up  Such health checkups should be held atleast once annually  Children should be screened for vision, hearing, scoliosis, hernia,etc  Regular growth monitoring, Hb for adolescent girls and vaccination should be checked
  • 11. 9. Facility for first aid in emergency  Pupils can become sick / injured and may need atleast preliminary attention by the school teacher  Injuries can be from fall, motor vehicle accidents, near drowning, foreign body, poisoning, colic, etc  All concerned should have first aid knowledge and regular training of new recruits should be done  Better would be the provision of a paramedical trained person  All teachers and staff should be trained to know the ABC of resuscitation
  • 12. 10. Adequate number of toilets  The absence of adequate no. of toilets leads to adverse effects on health and poor hygiene and also leads to pollution  Atleast one urinal per 60 students and one latrine for 100 students although ideal would be one latrine / 25 students  Toilets should have wash basins  There should be more toilets in girl’s schools  Facility for running water rather than stored water ensures cleanliness and hygiene
  • 13. Conclusion  These ten simple guidelines will go a long way in creating a healthy and supportive environment for optimum development of our children.
  • 14. Thank You!