Meet the author of T HE T RAGEDY OF R OMEO & J ULIET William Shakespeare About the Author
About the Author That is a lot of writing!
Shakespeare was born in Stratford,
England in 1564, but no one knows
the actual day of Shakespeare’s birth!
He wrote 37 plays as well as 154
sonnets, but Shakespeare never
published any of his plays!
Shakespeare is considered the
greatest writer in the English
Surprisingly, Shakespeare's family
Stratford London Illiterate means they could not read or write! Imagine that! Look at the map. It gives a good idea where Stratford is located.
“ All the World’s a Stage”
The first Globe Theatre was built in 1599 during the Elizabethan age. It was round shaped with the roof partly covered.
People did not go to plays at night because there was no electricity. The only source of light for the stage was the sun; this is why the middle of the theater was open to the sky.
In order to better understand Shakespeare’s plays play, it is good to understand some of the terminology Shakespeare uses in the writing of his plays . The language is called Elizabethan English, named after Queen Elizabeth the I. ere ~ the old English word for before hence ~ the old English word for here swear’st ~ the old English word for swear thee, thy, thou ~ are old English words for y o u thine ~ the old English word for your wert ~ the old English word for were wherefore ~ the old English word for why Elizabethan English
Theme A theme is the main idea of the story, or the message the author wants the reader to understand. The message is usually about life, society or human nature. In The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet, there are many themes… Shakespeare wanted the reader to understand a lot about people. While there are many themes in the play, love, hate, and fate play important roles. hate love fate
Romeo and Juliet lived in Verona with their families. Today, because of the popularity of William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet , many tourists come to Verona to see the Casa di Giulietta or The House of Juliet. No one really knows if this was Juliet’s house, but a statue of Juliet stands in the courtyard. Verona, Italy
The Streets of Verona Many of the characters in the play fight in the streets of Verona. In fact, a lot of fighting takes place there. In spite of its medieval churches and ancient squares, today’s Verona is quite a modern and industrial city.
Sometimes in a play characters talk to themselves out loud and some talk for quite a long time. When characters do this, it is called a soliloquy . Shakespeare often uses the soliloquy in his plays to let a character to express their private thoughts and feelings. These speeches are performed when the character is alone on the stage. Soliloquies are a way for the audience to connect and better understand that character. Like the soliloquy, the aside is on stage, but away from the other characters. The actor either speaks an aside to himself or secretively to another character. Sometimes the actor speaks directly to the audience. A clever device really! Soliloquies and Asides
Blank verse is poetry that doesn’t rhyme. It is written in iambic pentameter. For example: “ They are the faction O conspiracy Sham’st thou to show thy dang’rous brow by night” (2.1.77-79). Blank Verse . . . . . . Aristocratic and or important people typically speak in blank verse. . . . . Pentameter means the iambic pattern is repeated five times in the line. Iambic pentameter is when an unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed syllable.
1. Foreshadowing hints about what is a) watched b) about to be read c) about to happen c) about to happen 2. Shakespeare’s plays can usually be divided into _____ parts a) 5 b) 4 c) 3 a) 5 3. The resolution occurs when the unfinished parts of the play are a) started b) resolved c) nurtured b) resolved Comprehension Check Directions: select the best answer to each question
1. Identify the characters in the story Bloom’s: knowledge, comprehension Objectives
The Characters Romeo Juliet Romeo is the main character in the play who is full of passion and romantic feelings. He rushes into things before thinking them through. Juliet is also a main character in the play. She is only 13, but does not act like a child. A very strong-willed character, Juliet and falls for Romeo instantly . These two are the most important characters in the novel.
The Nurse Friar Lawrence The nurse is Juliet’s nanny. She is a real character who loves and cares for Juliet as if Juliet were her own daughter. The friar is Romeo’s counselor and friend. He is good and kind, and hopes that, by marrying Romeo to Juliet, the long time family feud will end. The Characters
Many years ago a feud broke out between two of Verona’s noble families: the Capulets and the Montagues.
The feud was so bad that their family members killed each other whenever they met - even the servants joined in. Eventually, no one could remember what started feud.
The story is about two young lovers who meet, marry, and die all within a week. Their deaths end the feud.
Shakespeare tells us right from the start that Romeo and Juliet are going to die, but he does not tell how.
The Prologue Shakespeare tells the entire story in the first 14 lines of the play! What do you think could have caused this feud? What tragedy could have caused the deaths of these two young lovers? Verona
Two Capulet servants were in the town of Verona. They saw two Montague servants. One insulted the other and a fight broke out.
Tybalt joined the fight and tried to drag in Benvolio. Soon, half the town of Verona was fighting in the streets, including Lord Capulet and Lord Montague.
The Prince of Verona was tired of the feuding and warned the two families that, if they fought again, they would pay with their lives.
Meanwhile, Romeo’s parents were worried about him. His cousin Benvolio found out that Romeo was in love with Rosaline, but she did not return his feelings.
Act I, scene 1 – A Fight Breaks Out The Prince was like a mayor, governor or police chief. He made the rules and you obeyed them! “ Do you bite your thumb at us sir?” (Shakespeare) In Shakespeare’s time biting a thumb at someone was an insult. Now that’s what you call a brawl!
Paris visited Juliet’s tomb. Romeo arrived at the tomb with his servant, Balthasar.
Balthasar stayed behind. Paris tried to stop Romeo from opening the tomb. They fought, and Romeo killed Paris.
Romeo entered the tomb. He was surprised at how beautiful Juliet looked. He kissed her, took the poison and died.
The friar arrived. Juliet awakened asking for Romeo. The friar tried to get Juliet to leave, but she saw Romeo.
Juliet saw that Romeo had taken poison. She tried to drink some, but the vial was empty. She took Romeo’s dagger and killed herself. Hearing of her son’s death, Lady Montague died.
The friar explained what happened. The families agreed to end the feud.
Act 5, scene 3 – Dead End! Don’t forget, this was supposed to be Paris’s wedding night. Romeo was not thinking straight. No one except the nurse and the friar knew that Romeo and Juliet were married. Romeo was bound to be a little upset. Well, come on! Shakespeare told you at the very beginning of the play that Romeo and Juliet were going to die. Who is ultimately to blame for the deaths of Romeo and Juliet?
Identifying Characters in The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet Romeo: Son of Lord and Lady Montague Juliet: Lord Capulet: Lady Capulet: Lord Montague: Lady Montague: Character Chart What actions tell about the character love-sick, reckless, romantic, whiny, impulsive
Ultimately, Romeo and Juliet are to blame for their own deaths. However, other characters play a role in their deaths. Fill in the blanks below with the role each person plays in the deaths of the two young lovers. As a sample, the first one is done for you. Who Would You Blame? Lord Capulet~ Juliet’s father. While he loves his daughter, he forces Juliet into a marriage that she does not want. He thinks he is doing what is best, but this causes Juliet to take matters into her own hands. Lady Capulet~ Lord Montague~ Lady Montague~ The Friar~ The Nurse~ Mercutio~ Benvolio~ Tybalt~ Count Paris~ The Prince~ The Servants~