BARANGAY the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward the basic political unit of the Republic of the Philippines
Barangay As A Government Unit andOrganization of Masses As a basic political unit, the barangay serves as a fundamental branch of government in the planning and implementation of policies, plans, programs, projects and activities of the community (LGC 384) A movement wherein collective views of citizenry is mirrored and weighed It is not merely a partner of the people; it obliged the different groups to participate in consultations
THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF THEPHILIPPINES BOOK IIILOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITSSECTION 384Role of the Barangay. - As the basic political unit, theBarangay serves as the primary planning andimplementing unit of government policies, plans,programs, projects, and activities in the community,and as a forum wherein the collective views of thepeople may be expressed, crystallized andconsidered, and where disputes may be amicablysettled.
The Members and their InvolvementPunong BarangayResponsible for implementing all ordinances,resolutions and law in the barangay.Acts as liason between his people and highergovernment officials such as mayors and governors.Organize community programs, facilitate fund raisingactivities and promote the welfare of their community.oversees the overall public services over his jurisdictionBarangay Kagawadmandated to function as the legislative workforce ofthe barangayshould also ensure to provide their constituents withbasic servicesassist the Punong Barangay in performing his or herfunction
Barangay Secretary Keep custody of all records of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly meetings Assist the municipal civil registrar in the registration of births, deaths, and marriagesBarangay Treasurer Keeps custody and is responsible for the Barangay funds and properties Certify as to the availability of funds whenever necessaryLupon Tagapamayapa This Lupon was empowered under the system to mediate, conciliate and/or arbitrate disputes in a barangay to promote the speedy administration of justice
PEACE and ORDER Acts as peace officers in the maintenance of public order and safety. Organize regular lectures, programs, or fora on community problems to maintain peace and order among the residents Organize and lead an emergency group whenever the same may be necessary for the maintenance of peace and order or on occasions of emergency or calamity within the Barangay Provide for the organization of community brigades, Barangay tanod, or community service units as may be necessary
Finance Enact annual and supplemental budget as it may see fit for the improvement of the Barangay and for the welfare of the inhabitants. Provide for the construction and maintenance of Barangay facilities and other public works projects chargeable to the general fund of the Barangay or such other funds actually available for the purpose Hold fund-raising activities for Barangay projects without the need of securing permits from any national or local office or agency
Education Establishment of a non-formal education center in the Barangay whenever feasible, in coordination with the Department of Education. Initiate the establishment of a Barangay high school, whenever feasible Establishment of one public library for every barangay or may also be called Barangay Reading Center as mandated by Republic Act No. 7743
Health Ensures access to basic public health services through the provision of quality Medical and Dental health care. Maintain high standard of services : Services and facilities related to general hygiene and sanitation, beautification, and solid waste collection. Identify, evaluate and control hazards and risks.
Agriculture, Tourism & Infrastructure Provide programs to enhance livelihood skills; Seminars, training, health screening, livelihood skills development, “How-to” sessions and demonstrations. Provide workshops and lectures on specific barangay tourism promotion plans and programs. Plans for the fast development of the community through infrastructure development such as constructing barangay roads and path walks, school buildings, day care centers, barangay health centers, Basketball courts, multi-purpose buildings, water system projects, flood control projects, canals and bridges.
Youth and Sports Gives the youth a chance to be involved in community affairs and provide the government means to inform the youth of its (governments) development efforts. Aims to accomplish numerous projects and programs for livelihood, sports, and culture, including the Youth Development Training program which aims to develop values of service, nationalism, and leadership among the youth to make them more productive leaders. Conduct an annual palarong Barangay which shall feature traditional sports and disciplines included in national and international games.
ORIGIN OF THE WORD BARANGAY The unit of government during the time of our forefathers was called barangay, a derivation from the Tagalog word balangay meaning sailboat, a boat which transported them (the Malays) to these shores. The Malays used the same term to identify the settlements they established near a river or a sea. Each barangay consisted of 30 to 100 families. The barangays did not exist under the authority of other barangay but lived independently in harmony and in relation with one another.
History PRE-HISPANIC PERIOD 900 – 1521 AD Datus/Rajas Independent body HISPANIC PERIOD 1521 - 1898 Barangay Datus stripped of his power Power is centralized in governor general, then alcalde mayor/gobernadorcillos Rajah was renamed cabesa de barangay but just a mere government employee AMERICAN OCCUPATION 1898 - 1946 Barangay became BARRIO INDEPENDENT PHILIPPINES 1946 – Present Current setup of barangay