Population
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,038
On Slideshare
2,539
From Embeds
499
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 499

http://chatt.hdsb.ca 489
http://www.slideshare.net 10

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Population
    • Demography: study of human population
    • 4 reasons why populations change:
    • Births (+)
    • Deaths (-)
    • Immigration (+)
    • Emigration (-)
  • 2.
    • Factors that affect population growth
    • Birth Rates
    • Death Rates
    • Infant Mortality Rates
    • Fertility Rates
    • Migration
    Population Growth
  • 3.
    • Birth rate (BR)
    • # of births per 1000 people/year
    • Death rate (DR):
    • # of deaths per 1000 people/year
    • Infant mortality rate (IMR):
    • # of infants per 1000 births who die b/4 the age of 1.
    • Canada’s is 6.8 deaths/1000 births
  • 4.
    • Fertility Rates (FR):
    • Average number of live births for women of childbearing age (15-45 years)
    • FR in Canada is 1.7 births per women
    • Global low – Germany with 1.4
    • Global high – Malawi with 7.7
  • 5.
    • Migration
    • Emigration:
    • people leaving a country
    • Immigration:
    • people moving into a country
  • 6. Population Density
    • People per square km (km 2 )
    • Total population =
    • total area (km 2 )
  • 7. Practice!
    • Canada’s Population in 2007
      • 32,976,000
    • Canada’s land Area in square square km
      • 9,093,507
      • 32976000 =
      • 9093507
  • 8. Factors Influencing Population Patterns
    • Accessibility
    • Climate
    • Soils
    • Jobs
    • Markets
    • service
  • 9.
    • Canada’s density is 3.3 people per km 2
    • USA’s pop. density is 29.5
    • Hong Kong’s pop. density is 6436
    • China’s pop. Density is 139
    Canada Compared to the World
  • 10. Population Distribution
    • Pattern of the population
    • i.e. different age groups don’t have the same # of people
    • Canada doesn’t have an evenly distributed population
  • 11. Patterns of Population Distribution
    • L inear (along highways, railways, water) ‏
    • D ispersed (scattered)
    • C oncentrated (all cities)
  • 12. Where do we live?
    • Mostly in southern Canada
    • Why?
    • Warmer climate (grow crops, good soil)
    • Water (great lakes)
    • Close to the USA
      • 72% live within 150 km’s of the USA
      • 85% live within 300 km’s of the USA
  • 13. Why People Migrate?
    • 1. Push Factors – reasons for leaving a country
    • Poor education
    • Bad government
    • No opportunity (job loss)
    • High taxes
    • War
    • No food
    • Poor health care
  • 14.
    • 2. Pull Factors – reasons for entering a country
    • Relatives
    • Jobs/opportunities
    • Climate
    • No war
    • Better health care
  • 15. Barriers To Migration
    • Obstacles that discourage or even stop a person from immigrating
    • Immigration requirements
    • Distance
    • Cost of immigration
  • 16. Where do Immigrants Settle
    • Ont. (T.O.), B.C. (Vancouver), Quebec (Montreal), Alberta
    • Ont. & B.C. are above the national average
    • Why?
    • Provide familiar services & products (jobs)
    • Cultural groups (China Town, Little Italy) –feels like home
    • Language
    • Religious and cultural organizations
  • 17. How To Get In?
    • Federal government has the last word
    • Rating system / point system (out of 100, 67 points gets you in ‏ )
  • 18. Dependency Load
    • Proportion of the population that must be supported by working adults
    • 3 stages:
    • Children (0-15 years)‏
    • Working adults (16-64 years)‏
    • Older adults (65+)‏
  • 19.
    • If there’s a lot of kids and seniors, the dependency load will be high, because they don’t work.
    • Canada’s dependency load is around 30%
  • 20. Overpopulation
    • Environment is unable to support the present population
    • Problems
    • Food
    • Waste
    • Less work, more poverty
    • Not enough space (more high rises)
    • Resources used up
    • There is enough food to feed everyone (several pounds/day)
  • 21. Baby Boom
    • b/n 1950-1964
    • Boom of babies
    • Most births in 1959
    • Very optimistic about the future (unemployment was done, war was over)
    • Why did it end?
    • Contraceptive (pill)
    • Vietnam