Schengen2

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Schengen2

  1. 1. European Integration Schengen Agreement <ul><li>What is Schengen Agreement? </li></ul><ul><li>Members </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of Schengen </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages of Schengen </li></ul><ul><li>Future of Schengen </li></ul>A monument to the Agreement in Sc henge n , Luxembourg
  2. 2. Schengen Agreement <ul><li>The term Schengen Agreement is used for two agreements concluded deal between European states in 1985 and 1990 about abolition of systematic border controls between the participating countries . </li></ul><ul><li>- Schengen Agreement is named after small Luxembourg village, where was agreement signed. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen is unique international treaty – One of kind on the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Schengen rules apply among most European countries, covering a population over 400 million people. </li></ul>A typical Schengen border (between Germany and Austria).
  3. 3. Schengen Agreement Members <ul><li>As of 21 December 2007 , 24 states and Monaco (treated as part of France) had abolished border controls on persons among themselves, an increase from 15 on 20 December 2007 . </li></ul><ul><li>The nine new countries which entered the Schengen travel area in 2007 were: the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia . </li></ul><ul><li>Two non-EU members - Iceland and Norway. </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland a United Kingdom are members, but they are implementing police and judicial cooperation rules only . </li></ul>Map of members.
  4. 4. Schengen Agreement Advantages of Schengen <ul><li>Unlimited freedom of movement for people between member states. </li></ul><ul><li>Faster travelling – because of no pass and customs duty controls. </li></ul><ul><li>People can cross borders everywhere, not only on borders checkpoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen information system – secure database, which collecting files and dates of stolen cars, criminals, refugees etc... </li></ul>Netherlands – Belgium border at Nassau-Baarle village.
  5. 5. Schengen Agreement Disadvantages of Schengen <ul><li>More stricter border controls on outside borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of non-Schengen states citizens must pay 35 € for special visa. </li></ul><ul><li>Some problems with smuggle and movement of criminals, because of no internal borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Better conditions for illegal refugees movement, if they successfully cross outside border and enter the member state. </li></ul>Schengen outside border between Slovakia and Ukraine.
  6. 6. Schengen Agreement Future of Schengen <ul><li>As of 2008, there are 5 states, reading for implementation Schengen. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned enter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 – Switzerland and Lichenstein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2009 – Cyprus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2011 – Bulgaria and Romania </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future members of European Union, will be probably members in Schengen Agrement (Croatia, Macedonia...) </li></ul><ul><li>Andorra, Vatican and San Marino are de facto in Schengen </li></ul>Green highlighted are candidate states for enter

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