A small sample from a report to be published shortly.Professional assessments of 6 provide some stark and illuminating information about patterns ofinstitutionalisation. 5 of the group are women and their ages ranged from 28 to 56. The averagelength of time spent in institutions was 19 years, with 3 of the group having spent more than halfof their lives in institutions.People entered the institutions at a very young age, ranging from 14 to 20. Institutionalisedplacements last on average just less than 2 years. On average each person had been in 10different institutional settings, including:• Residential schools (n=3)• Acute hospitals (n=3)• Residential colleges (n=1)• Low secure hospitals (n=6)• Specialist facilities (n=6)• Residential homes (n=5)All six had been victims of abuse, including:• Neglect (n=2)• Sexual abuse (n=6)• Physical abuse (n=5)• Financial abuse (n=1)
In 2010 there were about 11,000 people with learningdisabilities placed in out of area placements.Typical cost was about £160,000 per person, which is justunder £2 billion.In 1968 there were 65,000 people with learningdisabilities in institutions at a total cost of less £2 billion.We have failed to close the institutions - 1 person in 6 arestill living in them - but now they are private institutions.We now spend the same money as we did, but on just asixth of the same people.
Institutions are very unsafe1. Devalued lives - self-expression and personal development threaten institutional thinking2. No freedom or control - it is very hard to be heard when you have no authority3. Impoverishment - economic power is nullified4. Sheltered, but homeless - a home is more than a roof - vital to control privacy and security5. ‘Care’ not support - ‘care’ already assumes the passivity and lower value of the person ‘in care’.6. Disconnected- it is other citizens who report abuse and it is structures of power within institutions that make that harder7. Loveless - the shift to focusing on abuse not crime is a symptom of institutional thinking
Citizenship is vital to safety 1.Direction - Its risky if my life lacks meaning and value 2.Freedom - Its risky if I cannot direct my life, communicate or be listened to. 3.Money - Its risky if I lack money or if I cannot control my own money. 4.Home - Its risky if I cannot control who I live with, my home and my privacy. 5.Help - Its risky if I’ve no one to help me and if I cannot control who helps me. 6.Life - Its risky if I am not a valued member of my community. 7.Love - Its risky to have no friends or family.
1. Human rights - not just services2. Clear entitlements - not confusion3. Early support - not crisis4. Equal access - not institutional care5. Choice & control - not dependence6. Fair incomes - not insecurity7. Fair taxes - not injustice8. Sustainability - local growth