What’s the difference between Barnsley & Athens? • Population of Barnsley - about 250,000 • Population of Athens at peak of its achievements - about 250,000 • Do we see ourselves as a weak, dependent, needy community? • Or, as a gifted, rich and diverse community that needs to fulfil its potential? • Are we citizens or subjects?
Citizenship is undermined by passivityand this is reinforced bythe current welfare settlement: • Services as gifts - not as rights or entitlements • No duties - passive recipients, no expectations or contribution • Services controlled from above - no personalisation • Services isolating people from community • Standardisation - community innovation discouraged
Local government has already shown the way:the development of personalisation• Flexible entitlements - not services• Partnership between services and citizens• Services accountable to local people• People playing a fuller role in community life• Local services and local enterprise
Different is possible - now... • Personalisation was created subversively by local people and local government • Local leaders led the way in developing good practice • There is often more slack in how systems work than we realise • Central government often plays Bottom-up catch up Change
We could shift to a citizenship model • Fair tax system for all • Minimum income and housing rights - an entitlement for all • Individual Budgets for all people who need extra help and advice • Core local services - free to all
What difference would citizenshipmake to councils?1. Clarify local rights and duties for all citizens2. Define core universal free services3. Extend individual budgets (all social care, healthcare, some education and other forms of personalised support)4. Clarify authority of local community bodies5. Create opportunities for local innovation6. Support local citizens to achieve national entitlements7. Open up local democratic process8. Seek more authority locally - reduce reliance on centre
But we will need to be very smart• The UK has most centralised welfare system in the world• Westminster-centric media circus• Cuts target local government• Politicians and media scapegoat local government• We have got used to our dependence on Whitehall• Lack of constitutional checks on centralisation
Where does all the money go? • As a proportion of state spending there is £900 million missing from Barnsley’s economy. • Benefits biggest expenditure - no local control • NHS largest service - no local control • Education - now centrally controlled • Employment support - centrally commissioned
What are ouroptions?1. Accept current relationship and trends - adapt to the assault on local democracy2. Innovate within current structures - create new citizenship- focused model of local government as model for future reformed system3. Challenge current relationship - reassert the role of local government - find allies for real localism - build new policy position - advocate for local citizens rights4. Do all 3 of the above at the same time...
1. Government policy is confused: but ripe with opportunities • Total Place - requires local government leadership • Health Reforms - integration of PHBs into ASC model • Localism - consistent with neighbourhood approach • Big Society - consistent with local community partnerships • Personalisation - can be extended to healthcare, children, education, criminal justice, employment...
2. Systems don’t innovate: people with problems do • Build on existing innovation - some of the best innovations already exist in our communities • Shift resources down - identify more areas to extend personalisation • Integrate deeper - create genuine points of integration - earlier • Learn & network - share ideas quicker, celebrate achievements • Share responsibility - share the problem with the community
3. Central bodies rarely give away power: power must be taken • Connect to other places - learn and develop with like-minded leaders • Develop evidence - ask the right questions, gather data, share stories • Create a new policy position - define the constitutional changes necessary to support real localism • Long-term thinking - be strategic and seek sustainable reform • Build an alliance for real localism - develop a leadership cohort
Ask new questions.Focus on citizenship.1. Purpose - Do our lives have meaning?2. Control - Can we make our own decisions?3. Money - Can we pursue our own projects?4. Home - Do we belong to our communities?5. Needs - Do we get the help we need?6. Gifts - Are we sharing our gifts?7. Responsibile - Do we take responsibility?