Acos 2008 10 23 Paralympic Research Presentation Oct 2008

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A presentation on Paralympic research agendas to the Australian Centre of Olympic Studies Thursday 23 October 2008

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  • Paralympics The Paralympic Games are the pinnacle *event of the International Paralympic Committee ( http://www.paralympic.org/ ) and the showcase of elite performance for athletes with disabilities. They are considered a ‘parallel’ movement to the *Olympics. The Paralympics are held every four years generally after the Olympic Games, and mostly, in the same host City as the Olympic Games. The Paralympics had their roots in the rehabilitation of injured war veterans in England. The first staging of an international event took place in England at Stoke Mandeville hospital in 1948. The main aims of the first events were rehabilitation and social *integration of people with disabilities. The first Paralympics was held in Rome in 1960 with 400 athletes from 23 countries. The Paralympics include the *disability categories of: Amputee; Cerebral palsy; Intellectual disability; Vision impaired; Wheelchair; and Les autres. At the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games some 4000 athletes from 125 countries competed in 18 sports. Of these sports 14 are common to the Olympic Games with the sports of wheelchair rugby, boccia, goal ball and power lifting being specific to the Paralympics. The Paralympics have grown rapidly since their inception to become part of a global network of sports events. In doing so they have brought an increased visibility and status to people with disabilities by focusing on their abilities. See also: disability, event, integration, Olympics SIMON DARCY, AUSTRALIA - 215 words
  • 1960 Rome 1988 Seoul start of modern 1967 Pan Ams 1968 Tel Aviv and National Games at U of A 1972 Heidleberg / wheelchair design
  • Creation of CFSOD which ultimately lead to the CPC move from spinal to other disability Inclusion of ab in wheelchair basketball Start of integration into NSOs
  • Reflect on how inclusion in Olympics is no longer Reflect on linkages to IOC
  • Note that next VISTA will be held in Vancouver in March 2009, check IPC website for more information
  • Canadian Sport Awards – conflict between wheelchair bball and synchro Tokenism – reflect on Congresses Drugs, doping, cheating in Sydney
  • I just thought this picture of Ben Johnson was funny (it’s from 1990) and it’s Jeff Adams and Ande Viger with him at Centennial Stadium in Etobicoke
  • Future Games 2016 – bid cities starting to showcase Paralympic (ie. Rio, Doha) Atheltes include Pistorius and swimmer that just qualified
  • Acos 2008 10 23 Paralympic Research Presentation Oct 2008

    1. 1. Future Paralympic Research Australian Centre for Olympic Studies Associate’s Day Simon Darcy, Ph.D. David Legg, Ph.D. Richard Cashman, Ph.D Thursday 23 October 2008
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>http://www.paralympic.org/release/Main_Sections_Menu/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>MORE ! </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sports and Disability <ul><li>Wheelchair; </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy; </li></ul><ul><li>Amputee; </li></ul><ul><li>Vision impaired; </li></ul><ul><li>Les Autres; </li></ul><ul><li>(Intellectual disability) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Recent Contributions to Scholarship <ul><li>Steve Bailey Athlete First: A History of the Paralympic Movement (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>P. David Howe The Cultural Politics of the Paralympic Movement: Through an Anthropological Lens (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Brittain has been contracted to publish a thematic history of the Paralympic Games (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>PAConsulting Pathway to potential: Ensuring a sustainable Paralympic legacy (2008) </li></ul>
    5. 6. Chapters <ul><li>PART 1: BECHMARKS BEFORE 2000 1. Introduction (Richard Cashman and Simon Darcy) 2. The evolution of the Paralympic Games (Ian Brittain) 3. Paralympic benchmarks before 2000 (Richard Cashman and Simon Darcy) </li></ul><ul><li>PART 2: THE SYDNEY 2000 PARALYMPIC GAMES 4. The benchmark Games (Richard Cashman) 5. Paralympic planning (Simon Darcy) 6. Media and representation (Richard Cashman and Dominique Tremblay) 7. Community (Richard Cashman and Alana Thomson) 8. The delivery of sport (Richard Cashman) 9. Infrastructure (Simon Darcy) 10. The athletes village (Tony Sainsbury) 11. The inclusion and exclusion of athletes with an intellectual disability (Anne Jobling, Ian Jobling and Hayley Fitzgerald) </li></ul><ul><li>PART 3: LEGACY 12. Impacts—national and international impacts (Simon Darcy and Richard Cashman) 13. Paralympic research agendas (Simon Darcy and Richard Cashman) </li></ul><ul><li>Epilogue </li></ul>
    6. 7. Summary of Research Areas <ul><li>The Paralympic movement from a global perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Models of Engagement/Mainstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>Limits of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Olympic / Paralympic relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Community support and education </li></ul><ul><li>The Paralympics, disability and the disabled community </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between the Paralympics and other disability sports events </li></ul><ul><li>Nature and future rationale for Paralympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>Athlete Based issues </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Socio Political Influences on Paralympic Sport </li></ul>
    7. 8. The Paralympics from a Global Perspective <ul><li>Eurocentric </li></ul><ul><li>System Capacity </li></ul>
    8. 9. Models of Engagement <ul><ul><li>Games models – Mainstreaming/segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibition status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ableism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies of inclusion at all levels of sport from grass roots to national sport organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros and cons of infusion vs. separation in academic settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletes without disability competing against those with a disability </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Limits of Technology <ul><ul><li>Pistorius case study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bionics; super-abled, technological advances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyborgs/Transhumanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equity of Technology </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Olympic / Paralympic relationship <ul><ul><li>Closer or further </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are ideals compatible? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros and Cons </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Classification <ul><ul><ul><li>A continuing debate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifying the complex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is minimum disability </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Community support and education <ul><ul><li>Changing social attitudes? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural difference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude vs behaviour </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. The Paralympics, disability and the disabled community <ul><ul><ul><li>Spread? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social construction of disability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Positive and Negative results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of Disability </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Media <ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Paralympic Brand / Fund development </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing potential and effects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is Paralympics treated “equally”? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Infrastructure <ul><ul><li>Impact of Games on City State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Village </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future facility design </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Relationship between the Paralympics and other disability sports events <ul><ul><li>Special Olympics and persons with intellectual disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deafness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ID in Paralympics </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. Nature and future rationale for Paralympic Games <ul><ul><li>Specific to individual Games to provide benchmarks in summer and winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global influences (Economic Crash) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legacies </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Athlete Based issues <ul><ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheating </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. Professional Preparation <ul><ul><li>Coaching / Mgmt / Classifiers / Sport Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence based </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Socio Political Influences on Paralympic Sport <ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War and Human Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Organizations </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Call for Vancouver 2010 Research Applications <ul><li>The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is calling for research applications for all projects that are to be conducted during the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Winter Games, from 12 to 21 March 2010. The IPC Research Application Form, as well as details on the application procedure, schedules, and examples of previously approved research projects are on the IPC website in the Sport Science section . In order to be considered by the IPC, applications must be received by 10 March 2009. All research approved by the IPC must comply with internationally recognized ethical standards and research practices. Funding for research projects must be secured by the research applicants through their institution or a third-party grant. The IPC currently does not provide funding for any research projects. The IPC remains committed to furthering research in all areas related the Paralympic Movement. These areas include examples like research in Paralympic Sport, Disability Sport Classification, Sport Counseling, Assistive Technology, Athletic Identity Marketing and Branding, and Development and Public Awareness. For additional information, please contact: Dr. Peter Van de Vliet Medical & Scientific Director International Paralympic Committee +49 228 2097 290 [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.paralympic.org/release/Main_Sections_Menu/News/Current_Affairs/2008_10_21_a.html </li></ul>
    22. 23. Summary <ul><ul><li>Sport science still requires study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving beyond sport science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential of human ability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural value & change. </li></ul></ul>

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