Pediatric ICD Registry Next Steps Ralph Brindis, MD, MPH, ACC Stephen Hammill, MD, HRS Kathleen Hewitt, RN, MSN, CPHQ Chri...
What is the NCDR? <ul><li>17 years in Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks and Quality Improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Registry Projects Registries QI   Projects NCDR Management Board NCDR Operations Leadership Team Data Safety Monitoring Bo...
NCDR is… N ational   C ardioVascular D ata R egistry 1998….. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 beyond CathPCI Registry ICD Registry...
Magnitude of SCA in the U.S. 1  U.S. Census Bureau,  Statistical Abstract of the United States :  2001 . 2  American Cance...
CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs 1990s <ul><li>Cardiac arrest due to VF, not due to a reversible cause (effective 1991) </...
The results of SCD-HeFT and MADIT I-II indicate that ICDs are effective for the primary prevention of sudden death.  What ...
Expanded CMS Coverage for Primary Prevention ICDs Registry Hypothesis <ul><li>Are the clinical characteristics, indication...
ICD Data Reporting <ul><li>What will CMS do with the data? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data will be used to determine that servi...
CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>Cardiac arrest due to VF, not due to a reversible caus...
CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>CAD, prior MI, EF 35% or less, inducible sustained VT ...
CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>Non-IDCM, >3 months, Class II-III, EF 35% or less ( Re...
<ul><li>Partnership with The Heart Rhythm Society which is the preeminent professional advocacy society for cardiac arrhyt...
CMS Expands ICD Coverage – ICD Registry Mandated <ul><li>September, 2004: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft CMS Coverage Policy ...
CMS Expands ICD Coverage –  ICD Registry Mandated  <ul><li>May, 2005:   </li></ul><ul><li>National ICD Registry Working Gr...
<ul><li>Registry </li></ul><ul><li>1493 enrolled </li></ul><ul><li>200,580 patient records </li></ul><ul><li>74% are submi...
 
<ul><li>Online data collection tool features include:  </li></ul><ul><li>Access from any web browser </li></ul><ul><li>Sub...
ICD Registry Operations Update <ul><li>Software Vendors  (* indicates certified) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*Axis Clinical Soft...
The First ICD Outcomes Report Launched
The First ICD Outcomes Report Launched <ul><li>Each facility has a choice in which patients they submit to the NCDR. </li>...
Complications Reported
Support <ul><li>Dedicated IT staff </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated Clinical staff </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated Customer Service...
Training <ul><li>Annual User Group Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Training Manual </li></ul...
Focus Towards Innovation and Improvement <ul><li>Streamline data collection = continuum of care v2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>New...
Pediatric ICD Registry: The Challenge <ul><li>Assess and understand the dynamic changes in the diagnosis, treatment, and o...
A Growing Need <ul><li>Information is limited on pediatric patients with or at risk for sudden cardiac death, particularly...
A Growing Need <ul><li>The rapid evolution in medical technology/procedures and the continued growth of the adult populati...
National Pediatric ICD Registry <ul><li>US registry of pediatric patients undergoing implantation of Implantable Cardiover...
Registry Data <ul><li>A review of the ICD Registry Q1 2005 to Q4 2006 data showed that there were 135 pediatric patients o...
Proposal <ul><li>Initial focus would include inpatient data collection for pediatric patients receiving ICD’s for Primary ...
Proposal <ul><li>Multi-center registry that would be web-based, with simple data collection variables.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Proposal <ul><li>Estimated 120 dedicated pediatric care hospitals in the US, an additional 180 hospitals perform procedure...
In Conclusion <ul><li>ICD Registry Steering Committee requests feedback and endorsements to expand the scope . </li></ul><...
If I can ditch them by 4pm I can still play The front nine!! Do I always have to  wear this  Red Dress ? When do we get to...
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Pediatric ICD Registry

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  • This graphic visually demonstrates the magnitude of SCA compared to individual cancers and AIDs. There is high awareness of these cancers and AIDs and their contribution to overall death. There has been less awareness in the general public on the number of deaths caused by sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Pediatric ICD Registry

    1. 1. Pediatric ICD Registry Next Steps Ralph Brindis, MD, MPH, ACC Stephen Hammill, MD, HRS Kathleen Hewitt, RN, MSN, CPHQ Christine Lang, RN, MSN
    2. 2. What is the NCDR? <ul><li>17 years in Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks and Quality Improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized, evidence-based data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quarterly benchmark reports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performance Measurement Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Supports P4P and Pay for Reporting Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Platform for Outcomes Research </li></ul><ul><li>Solution of Post-Market Surveillance </li></ul>
    3. 3. Registry Projects Registries QI Projects NCDR Management Board NCDR Operations Leadership Team Data Safety Monitoring Board Scientific Oversight Committee Research & Publications Clinical Support.Team Steering Committee CathPCI Registry CARE Registry ICD Registry Committee structure for each registry Includes 30day outcomes ACTION Registry IC 3 Program Steering Committee ACHIEVE Registry Steering Committee ICD Longitudinal Program Steering Committee Take ACTION Campaign Planning Work Group NCDR-D2B Project Managed by ACTION and CathPCI Steering Committees ambulatory longitudinal longitudinal QualityKIT/ CathKIT TBD QI Subcommittee Version 10/29/07 Advisory Council Industry Federal Health Plans Patients
    4. 4. NCDR is… N ational C ardioVascular D ata R egistry 1998….. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 beyond CathPCI Registry ICD Registry CARE Registry ACTION Registry IC3 CAD Imaging Registry HF Registry PracMgt Registry PAD Registry EP Registry Ped. Registry Congenital Registry Building a true… ICD Long Achieve
    5. 5. Magnitude of SCA in the U.S. 1 U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States : 2001 . 2 American Cancer Society, Inc., Surveillance Research, Cancer Facts and Figures 2001 . 3 2002 Heart and Stroke Statistical Update , American Heart Association. 4 Zheng Z. Circulation . 2001;104:2158-2163. AIDS 1 Breast Cancer 2 Lung Cancer 2 Stroke 3 SCA 4 SCA claims more lives each year than these other diseases combined 450,000 167,366 157,400 40,600 42,156
    6. 6. CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs 1990s <ul><li>Cardiac arrest due to VF, not due to a reversible cause (effective 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous or induced VT, not associated with an acute MI or reversible cause (effective 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Familial conditions at high risk such as LQTS, HCM (effective 1999) </li></ul>
    7. 7. The results of SCD-HeFT and MADIT I-II indicate that ICDs are effective for the primary prevention of sudden death. What we don’t know is if the results reflect the ICD experience in the “real world” outside the confines of the controlled trials. What we don’t know…..
    8. 8. Expanded CMS Coverage for Primary Prevention ICDs Registry Hypothesis <ul><li>Are the clinical characteristics, indications for ICD implantation, and in-hospital procedure related complications of the ICD Registry patients similar to those of patients involved in the primary prevention randomized trials </li></ul><ul><li>(MADIT I-II, SCD-HeFT )? </li></ul>
    9. 9. ICD Data Reporting <ul><li>What will CMS do with the data? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data will be used to determine that services provided are reasonable and necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address hypotheses related to patient characteristics, clinical indications, provider competency, complication variation across implanters, hospitals and device manufacturers. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>Cardiac arrest due to VF, not due to a reversible cause (effective 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous or induced VT, not associated with an acute MI or reversible cause (effective 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Familial conditions at high risk such as LQTS, HCM (effective 1999, ( Registry required ) </li></ul>
    11. 11. CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>CAD, prior MI, EF 35% or less, inducible sustained VT (EP test and ICD implant >4 weeks after MI, ( Registry required ) </li></ul><ul><li>Documented prior MI, EF 30% or less ( Registry required ) </li></ul><ul><li>IDCM, prior MI, Class II-III, EF 35% or less ( Registry required ) </li></ul>
    12. 12. CMS (Medicare) Coverage for ICDs Expanded Coverage, 1/27/05 <ul><li>Non-IDCM, >3 months, Class II-III, EF 35% or less ( Registry required ) </li></ul><ul><li>CRT candidates, Class IV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( Registry required ) </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Partnership with The Heart Rhythm Society which is the preeminent professional advocacy society for cardiac arrhythmia professionals and patients, and the primary information resource on heart rhythm disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>HRS represents more than 4,200 specialists in cardiac pacing and electrophysiology in 78 countries Its mission is to improve the care of patients by promoting research, education and optimal health care policies and standards. </li></ul>
    14. 14. CMS Expands ICD Coverage – ICD Registry Mandated <ul><li>September, 2004: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draft CMS Coverage Policy indicates interest in ICD Registry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>October, 2004 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CMS names Heart Rhythm Society to lead National ICD Registry Working Group. Working Group (ACC, HRS, HFSA, registry experts, private insurance co, device manufacturers, AHA) advises CMS on ICD Registry issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>January, 2005: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CMS Announces and Implements new expanded ICD coverage policy with new mandated registry requirement (QNET) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why CMS required data submission? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical trials (MADIT I-II, SCD-HeFT etc) results were promising but not definitive. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional data may allow CMS to broaden policy. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. CMS Expands ICD Coverage – ICD Registry Mandated <ul><li>May, 2005: </li></ul><ul><li>National ICD Registry Working Group submits recommendations to CMS </li></ul><ul><li>June, 2005: NCDR ICD Registry Launches! </li></ul><ul><li>October, 2005: CMS Announcement that ICD Registry sponsored by ACC/HRS will be the official ICD Registry replacing QNET </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 2006 : QNET sunsets, ICD Registry becomes the sole data repository for hospitals across the US. </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Registry </li></ul><ul><li>1493 enrolled </li></ul><ul><li>200,580 patient records </li></ul><ul><li>74% are submitting all pts. premier </li></ul><ul><li>26% CMS limited </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>2007 support from WellPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital fee $1,895 </li></ul><ul><li>Analytic & Reporting Services </li></ul><ul><li>In May UHC added ICD Registry participation for sites with EP Labs </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions underway with BCBSA </li></ul><ul><li>Provide data to CMS for reimbursement </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>ICD Longitudinal Study – TBD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding Industry and Payors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YALE CRO/Analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performing analysis for FDA </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Online data collection tool features include: </li></ul><ul><li>Access from any web browser </li></ul><ul><li>Submit data to the NCDR™ </li></ul><ul><li>Data completeness reminders </li></ul>
    18. 19. ICD Registry Operations Update <ul><li>Software Vendors (* indicates certified) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*Axis Clinical Software, Inc.; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emageon (formerly Camtronics Medical Systems); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Cedaron Medical, Inc.; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GE Healthcare; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goodroe Healthcare Solutions, LLC: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Heartbase; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent Business Solutions; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*LUMEDX; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philips Medical Systems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TenFold Corporation; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Velos, Inc. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. The First ICD Outcomes Report Launched
    20. 21. The First ICD Outcomes Report Launched <ul><li>Each facility has a choice in which patients they submit to the NCDR. </li></ul><ul><li>Each ICD Registry participant will receive two reports—an ICD Premier report and a CMS Limited report. These reports contain data on different populations of patients. </li></ul>
    21. 22. Complications Reported
    22. 23. Support <ul><li>Dedicated IT staff </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated Clinical staff </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated Customer Service staff </li></ul><ul><li>Professionally-Driven </li></ul>
    23. 24. Training <ul><li>Annual User Group Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Training Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Webinars </li></ul><ul><li>NCDR Online </li></ul>
    24. 25. Focus Towards Innovation and Improvement <ul><li>Streamline data collection = continuum of care v2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>New online query tools </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time reporting </li></ul>
    25. 26. Pediatric ICD Registry: The Challenge <ul><li>Assess and understand the dynamic changes in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of pediatric ICD patients who are at risk for sudden cardiac death and congenital heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a basis for measuring performance, designing quality improvement initiatives, and improving the outcomes of Pediatric ICD patients. </li></ul>
    26. 27. A Growing Need <ul><li>Information is limited on pediatric patients with or at risk for sudden cardiac death, particularly with respect to the use and outcomes of ICD procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation of pediatric data would allow for significant contributions to the knowledge and outcomes associated with pediatric sudden cardiac death. </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of these data would facilitate performance measurement, benchmarking, and quality improvement efforts. </li></ul>
    27. 28. A Growing Need <ul><li>The rapid evolution in medical technology/procedures and the continued growth of the adult population with congenital heart disease suggest that considerable knowledge may be gained from a broad assessment of the Pediatric ICD population. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant need to characterize variability in procedures and impact on patient outcomes. </li></ul>
    28. 29. National Pediatric ICD Registry <ul><li>US registry of pediatric patients undergoing implantation of Implantable Cardioverter defibrillators. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peri-procedural outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-hospital outcomes </li></ul></ul>
    29. 30. Registry Data <ul><li>A review of the ICD Registry Q1 2005 to Q4 2006 data showed that there were 135 pediatric patients originally listed ( <18 yr). Of the listed patients, 94 of those patients were key errors and 41 of those patients were in fact pediatric patients. Of note, the majority of Pediatric patients receiving ICDs are not entered into the ICD Registry at this time since they are not Medicare beneficiaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Following are the ages for the correctly documented implanted pediatric ICD’s in the Registry: </li></ul><ul><li>9 years old (1) </li></ul><ul><li>10 years old (1) </li></ul><ul><li>11 years old (4) </li></ul><ul><li>12 years old (5) </li></ul><ul><li>13 years old (2) </li></ul><ul><li>14 years old (4) </li></ul><ul><li>15 years old (8) </li></ul><ul><li>16 years old (8) </li></ul><ul><li>17 years old (8) </li></ul>
    30. 31. Proposal <ul><li>Initial focus would include inpatient data collection for pediatric patients receiving ICD’s for Primary or Secondary Prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>At this time no longitudinal data would be collected. </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of the pediatric population achieved by expanding current ICD Registry sites and a stand-alone pediatric ICD centers. </li></ul>
    31. 32. Proposal <ul><li>Multi-center registry that would be web-based, with simple data collection variables. </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of data relating to a growing but poorly understood subset population of patients who benefit from ICD implantation procedures that have not been adequately controlled or measured from a quality perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>To date, no registry has successfully collected sufficient data to provide reliable information relating to the broader pediatric population undergoing ICD implantation procedures or real-world procedural outcomes. </li></ul>
    32. 33. Proposal <ul><li>Estimated 120 dedicated pediatric care hospitals in the US, an additional 180 hospitals perform procedures for patients with CHD. </li></ul><ul><li>ICD Registry Steering Committee continue to engage national thought leaders in Pediatric Cardiology and Electrophysiology (PACES) to provide guidance and facilitate recruitment of the leading Pediatric ICD centers in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive communication and recruitment program will be developed to ensure rapid and successful recruitment of target hospitals. </li></ul>
    33. 34. In Conclusion <ul><li>ICD Registry Steering Committee requests feedback and endorsements to expand the scope . </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose to assess prevalence, demographics, management, and outcomes of peds patients undergoing implantation for ICDs for sudden cardiac death. </li></ul><ul><li>Initial focus to include inpatient data collection for Primary or Secondary Prevention. At this time no longitudinal data would be collected. </li></ul><ul><li>Steering Committee members believe implementing will expand the NCDR registry network, and will significantly increase the ability to conduct outcomes research across the continuum of cardiovascular adult and pediatric patient care. </li></ul>
    34. 35. If I can ditch them by 4pm I can still play The front nine!! Do I always have to wear this Red Dress ? When do we get to go to Disney World?
    35. 36. Questions

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