Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone.
- Over 1.5 million Americans have heart attacks every year.
- Americans spend more money on heart disease than any other illness —$80 billion per year.
- More people die of cardiovascular disease than from all other causes of death combined .
What Is Heart Disease?
- Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries.
- Heart attacks and angina pectoris are caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
What Causes Heart Disease?
- Genetics and other things we can’t control
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle)
- Excess stress and tension
How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart?
- Vitamins and Other Supplements
- Eat a low-fat diet (10-30% of calories from fat)
- Avoid foods with cholesterol
- Eat 3 – 5 servings of vegetable group daily
- Eat 2 – 4 servings of fruit group daily
- Eat 6 – 11 servings of grain group daily
- Eat more fish and less red meat
- Type : Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kick-boxing, etc.
- Duration : 20 to 60 minutes
- Frequency : At least 3 times per week
- Intensity : Get heart rate up to 60 to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 – Age in years
Stress Management Guidelines
- Promote informal social activities with family and friends
- Apply relaxation techniques
Substance Management Guidelines
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin)
- Blood thinning drug, e.g., Plavix (Clopidogrel)
- Blood pressure lowering drug, e.g., Lotrel
Recommended Over-the-Counter Drugs
- Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood)
- Vitamin C (antioxidant to prevent arterial wall damage)
- Multivitamins (to improve overall health)
- Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease , Random House, New York, 1990.
- Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners , Better Homes and Garden, Des Moines, 1999.