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    Heart Heart Presentation Transcript

    • Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
    • If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone.
      • Over 1.5 million Americans have heart attacks every year.
      • Americans spend more money on heart disease than any other illness —$80 billion per year.
      • More people die of cardiovascular disease than from all other causes of death combined .
    • What Is Heart Disease?
      • Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries.
      • Heart attacks and angina pectoris are caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
    • What Causes Heart Disease?
      • Genetics and other things we can’t control
      • Smoking
      • Obesity
      • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
      • Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle)
      • Excess stress and tension
    • How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart?
      • Diet
      • Exercise
      • Stress Management
      • Substance Management
      • Prescription Medication
      • Vitamins and Other Supplements
    • Dietary Guidelines
      • Eat a low-fat diet (10-30% of calories from fat)
      • Avoid foods with cholesterol
      • Eat 3 – 5 servings of vegetable group daily
      • Eat 2 – 4 servings of fruit group daily
      • Eat 6 – 11 servings of grain group daily
      • Eat more fish and less red meat
    • Exercise Guidelines
      • Type : Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kick-boxing, etc.
      • Duration : 20 to 60 minutes
      • Frequency : At least 3 times per week
      • Intensity : Get heart rate up to 60 to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 – Age in years
    • Stress Management Guidelines
      • Promote informal social activities with family and friends
      • Manage your time wisely
      • Take time to rejuvenate
      • Be kind but assertive
      • Apply relaxation techniques
      • Meditate and/or pray
    • Substance Management Guidelines
      • Avoid smoking
      • Reduce or omit caffeine
      • Reduce alcohol consumption
    • Prescription Medications
      • Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin)
      • Blood thinning drug, e.g., Plavix (Clopidogrel)
      • Blood pressure lowering drug, e.g., Lotrel
    • Recommended Over-the-Counter Drugs
      • Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood)
      • Vitamin C (antioxidant to prevent arterial wall damage)
      • Multivitamins (to improve overall health)
    • Bibliography
      • Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease , Random House, New York, 1990.
      • Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners , Better Homes and Garden, Des Moines, 1999.