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Heart

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Transcript

  • 1. Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
  • 2. If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone.
    • Over 1.5 million Americans have heart attacks every year.
    • Americans spend more money on heart disease than any other illness —$80 billion per year.
    • More people die of cardiovascular disease than from all other causes of death combined .
  • 3. What Is Heart Disease?
    • Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries.
    • Heart attacks and angina pectoris are caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
  • 4. What Causes Heart Disease?
    • Genetics and other things we can’t control
    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
    • Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle)
    • Excess stress and tension
  • 5. How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart?
    • Diet
    • Exercise
    • Stress Management
    • Substance Management
    • Prescription Medication
    • Vitamins and Other Supplements
  • 6. Dietary Guidelines
    • Eat a low-fat diet (10-30% of calories from fat)
    • Avoid foods with cholesterol
    • Eat 3 – 5 servings of vegetable group daily
    • Eat 2 – 4 servings of fruit group daily
    • Eat 6 – 11 servings of grain group daily
    • Eat more fish and less red meat
  • 7. Exercise Guidelines
    • Type : Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kick-boxing, etc.
    • Duration : 20 to 60 minutes
    • Frequency : At least 3 times per week
    • Intensity : Get heart rate up to 60 to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 – Age in years
  • 8. Stress Management Guidelines
    • Promote informal social activities with family and friends
    • Manage your time wisely
    • Take time to rejuvenate
    • Be kind but assertive
    • Apply relaxation techniques
    • Meditate and/or pray
  • 9. Substance Management Guidelines
    • Avoid smoking
    • Reduce or omit caffeine
    • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • 10. Prescription Medications
    • Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin)
    • Blood thinning drug, e.g., Plavix (Clopidogrel)
    • Blood pressure lowering drug, e.g., Lotrel
  • 11. Recommended Over-the-Counter Drugs
    • Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood)
    • Vitamin C (antioxidant to prevent arterial wall damage)
    • Multivitamins (to improve overall health)
  • 12. Bibliography
    • Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease , Random House, New York, 1990.
    • Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners , Better Homes and Garden, Des Moines, 1999.

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