Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone. <ul><li>Over 1.5 million Americans have heart attacks every year. </li></ul><...
What Is Heart Disease? <ul><li>Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries. </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attacks an...
What Causes Heart Disease? <ul><li>Genetics and other things we can’t control </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>...
How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart? <ul><li>Diet </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul...
Dietary Guidelines <ul><li>Eat a low-fat diet (10-30% of calories from fat) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid foods with cholesterol...
Exercise Guidelines <ul><li>Type : Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kic...
Stress Management Guidelines <ul><li>Promote informal social activities with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Manage y...
Substance Management Guidelines <ul><li>Avoid smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce or omit caffeine </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce a...
Prescription Medications <ul><li>Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin) </li></ul><ul><l...
Recommended Over-the-Counter Drugs <ul><li>Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood) </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin C (antioxidant ...
Bibliography <ul><li>Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease , Random House, New York, 1990. </li></ul><ul><...
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Heart

  1. 1. Rehabilitating Your Heart A Presentation of the Department of Cardiology of the Mount Pleasant Regional Hospital
  2. 2. If You Have Heart Disease, You’re Not Alone. <ul><li>Over 1.5 million Americans have heart attacks every year. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans spend more money on heart disease than any other illness —$80 billion per year. </li></ul><ul><li>More people die of cardiovascular disease than from all other causes of death combined . </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is Heart Disease? <ul><li>Atherosclerosis: hardening and clogging of the arteries. </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attacks and angina pectoris are caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Causes Heart Disease? <ul><li>Genetics and other things we can’t control </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension (high blood pressure) </li></ul><ul><li>Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle) </li></ul><ul><li>Excess stress and tension </li></ul>
  5. 5. How Can You Rehabilitate Your Heart? <ul><li>Diet </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Management </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription Medication </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins and Other Supplements </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dietary Guidelines <ul><li>Eat a low-fat diet (10-30% of calories from fat) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid foods with cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Eat 3 – 5 servings of vegetable group daily </li></ul><ul><li>Eat 2 – 4 servings of fruit group daily </li></ul><ul><li>Eat 6 – 11 servings of grain group daily </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more fish and less red meat </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exercise Guidelines <ul><li>Type : Use large muscle groups (legs): walking, hiking, biking, skating, jogging, dancing, kick-boxing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Duration : 20 to 60 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency : At least 3 times per week </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity : Get heart rate up to 60 to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 – Age in years </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stress Management Guidelines <ul><li>Promote informal social activities with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Manage your time wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to rejuvenate </li></ul><ul><li>Be kind but assertive </li></ul><ul><li>Apply relaxation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Meditate and/or pray </li></ul>
  9. 9. Substance Management Guidelines <ul><li>Avoid smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce or omit caffeine </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce alcohol consumption </li></ul>
  10. 10. Prescription Medications <ul><li>Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin) </li></ul><ul><li>Blood thinning drug, e.g., Plavix (Clopidogrel) </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure lowering drug, e.g., Lotrel </li></ul>
  11. 11. Recommended Over-the-Counter Drugs <ul><li>Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood) </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin C (antioxidant to prevent arterial wall damage) </li></ul><ul><li>Multivitamins (to improve overall health) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for Reversing Heart Disease , Random House, New York, 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners , Better Homes and Garden, Des Moines, 1999. </li></ul>
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