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Appendix 17B New Zealand power point presentation.ppt

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Transcript

  • 1. Country Report New Zealand June 2004
  • 2. LEGISLATIVE & REGULATORY INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Legislation
    • Transport, Work Safety & Emergency Regulations
    • The Regulatory Authority
    • National Coordination
    • International Cooperation
  • 3. LEGISLATION
    • Current legislation (Radiation Protection Act) dates from 1965
    • Several deficiencies when compared with Basic Safety Standards and GS-R-1
    • New legislation has been drafted and is going through machinery of government
    • May pass onto Parliamentary Agenda in 2005 or 2006
  • 4. TRANSPORT, WASTE SAFETY & EMERGENCY REGULATIONS
    • Transport requirements established in radiation safety legislation (adopting ST-1)
    • Waste safety & emergency regulations invoked through Codes of Safe Practice as condition of licence
    • 15 Codes in use; 8 under development
    • Proposed new Act will directly empower Codes
  • 5. REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • The RA is the National Radiation Laboratory (NRL)
    • 32 FTEs
    • Revenue:
      • 25% Crown Grant
      • 15% Fees
      • 60% Third Party
    • ISO 9000 (2000) and ISO 17025 accredited
    • Major provider of radiation safety services (eg. PDS, calibrations, environmental analysis)
  • 6. INTERNATIONAL & NATIONAL COORDINATION
  • 7.  
  • 8. REGULATORY ACTIVITIES
    • Licensing of use
    • Consents to import & export
    • Register of inventory of sources
    • Compliance monitoring
    • Non-compliance & enforcement
    • Assessment & verification of radiation safety plans
    • Safety assessments & measurements
    • Communication (pamphlets, information sheets, The Source , NRL Matters, www.nrl.moh.govt.nz )
    • Enforcement (under s. 24 of the legislation)
  • 9. CONTROL OF OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES
    • Personal monitoring required by law (also undertaken voluntary)
    • Over 3000 monitored persons
    • Film & TLD devices
    • Trunk & extremity monitoring
    • Service also delivered in South Pacific & Australia
    • Frequent involvement in intercomparison studies (incl. IAEA)
    • ISO 17025 accredited
  • 10. CALIBRATION FACILITIES
    • Therapy level Co-60
    • Protection level Cs-137
    • X-ray exposure range (10–320 kVp)
    • Graphite cavity ionisation chamber primary standard (Co-60)
    • Free air chamber primary standard for medium energy x-rays (50-250 kVp)
    • Secondary standard chambers for exposure to Cs-137
    • Absorbed dose to water for Co-60
    • Frequent involvement in intercomparison studies (incl. IAEA).
  • 11. CONTROL OF MEDICAL EXPOSURE
    • Vocational licensing of dentists, radiologists
    • Specialised licensing of other medical specialists (nuclear medicine, cardiology, orthopaedics, etc)
    • Dedicated Codes of Safe Practice
      • C3: Unsealed Radioactive Materials & Medical Diagnosis
      • C5: X-rays & Medical Diagnosis
      • C6: Chiropractic Diagnosis
      • C7: Dental
      • C10: Podiatry
      • C12: Irradiating Apparatus & Medical Therapy
      • C13: Sr-90 Ophthalmic Applicators
      • C14: Sealed Radioactive Materials & Brachytherapy
    • Legal requirement to report incidents, misadministrations, etc
  • 12. CONTROL OF PUBLIC EXPOSURES
    • NRL specifies limits for disposal of radioactive materials (land burial, liquid effluent, gas discharge & incineration)
    • Food monitoring & certification
    • Drinking water standards
    • Atmospheric particulate radioactivity monitoring
    • Radon surveys
    • National waste management strategy & facility
  • 13. TRANSPORT SAFETY
    • NRL is national competent authority
    • ST-1 enacted into law (2000)
    • NRL maintains oversight of national transport emergency response plan
    • NRL is responsible for border control, documentation, and packaging
    • NRL holds regular training programmes for carriers, port & airport personnel, central agencies
  • 14. EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    • NRL maintains the multi-agency response plan, including radiological terrorism
    • Agencies include hospitals, fire, police, defence, health protection officers, civil defence (and Department of Prime Minister)
    • Licensees expected to manage low level emergencies, especially where there is no risk to public
    • Health Protection Officers (30 nationally) provide first point of call response
    • HPOs trained, equipped by NRL
    • NRL provides high level response including waste management, remediation & health physics oversight