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An intro to
the Internet of Things
Simen Sommerfeldt, NDC Oslo 2014
CTO, Bouvet Oslo
Dataforeningen, HIOA,
Lær Kidsa Koding!
NoNog
Oslo IoT meetup
@sisomm
What the Internet of things is
Some thoughts on how to get
started in the enterprise
What it can be for all of us
Enablers
What the vendors say
Relevant standards
Scare kids on Halloween
http://nspt4kids.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/scared-boy-on-halloween.jpg
A confusing topic
So much information, so much
happening!
http://www.bishopmikelowry.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/drinking-from-the-firehose.jpg
http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/07/the-internet-of-things-keiserens-nye-wearables/
http://sommerfeldt.co/2014/05/01/interne...
http://sommerfeldt.co/2014/05/01/internet-of-things-or-should-we-call-it-the-emperors-new-wearables/
http://e24.no/digital/slik-blir-tingenes-internett/22807160
http://www.aftenposten.no/okonomi/De-lever-i-fremtiden-7552621...
http://dashingduchesses.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/presence-Luddites-textile-mill-2.jpg
An official luddite?
Så hva er “the internet of things?”
The Internet of Things: By the Numbers
B5075212
Slide copied from http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build/2014/2-511
Animation copied from http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build/2014/2-511
“$8.9 trillion
market in
2020, 212
billion
connecte...
“Internet of things: $8.9 trillion
market in 2020, 212 billion
connected things”
- IDC, 2013
http://www.zdnet.com/internet...
“There are actually two different
internet of things”
- Dionne Hinchcliffe
http://www.zdnet.com/is-the-internet-of-things-...
“One is the enterprise-grade
version that has long been in
place and is already helping us
run our companies”
- Dionne Hin...
In the enterprise...
Support for and extension of
Business Processes
using Sensors, Big Data,
Orchestration, Machine
Learning
Microsoft & IBM:
Enterprise-IoT
Cloud-connected
Large
Mobile
Micro
Small
Azure M2M
Device management
Command & Control
Data Analytics
“The other IoT is the emerging
consumer-based cloud of
connected products and services
which has only been happening
in a ...
Advice for enterprise systems
“Involve Customer experience
people, Architects, Partners, s
Sales, CRM, Lawyers, Other
Stakeholders”
- Michele Pelino, Fo...
Security, privacy,
authentication
Operations
In consumer space...
“Everything” gets
connected
We can
orchestrate them
all!
Smart homes
6-Jun-144
What is it the Consumer IoT?
“Does one vendor's product work
with another's? Does a door lock by
one vendor communicate with a
light switch by another ...
Or is it
“The internet AND things”?
“An Electric Heater finds its place”
...sometime in 2030...
•  Home automation
•  Wearables
•  Enterprise IoT
•  Self-driving cars
•  Intelligent cities
•  Infrastructure
...to a big...
Ingrid buys a panel oven
Ingrid on the bus
Ingrid with family
Enablers
Device classification &
Interoperability ??
?
?
?
“On the internet, nobody knows
that you are a toaster”
- Ross Mason, Mulesoft
Protocols
•  XMPP: Presence
•  MQTT: Collection
•  DDS: Distributed objects
•  AMQP: Large volume brokers
•  CoAP: REST Re...
“There is no vendor large
enough to control the IoT, but
there are vendors large enough
to make a mess of it.”
- Patrick T...
Device classification &
Interoperability
Connectivity &
Address space?
?
?
?
Wifi,
Mobile Data,
Bluetooth Low Energy,
ZigBee
Z-wave
Mesh Networks!
IPv4 is running out!
http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/plotvarcum.png
Device classification &
Interoperability
Connectivity &
Address space
Security, Privacy,
Authentication ?
?
?
http://zapmed.com/Downloads/TOAST.jpg
http://thehackernews.com/2011/12/cplc-chief-says-pakistan-safe-heaven.html
http://www.engadget.com/2014/01/17/internet-of-things-hacked-malicious-email-phishing/
http://berntolufsen.vg.no/2014/05/19/rapport-fra-staten-google/
A hotel lobby today,
Tomorrow..
Big Data
Machine Learning
Internet of Things
Do we want this?
Device classification &
Interoperability
Connectivity &
Address space
Security, Privacy,
Authentication Open business
mode...
Vendor lock-in
Device classification &
Interoperability
Connectivity &
Address space
Security, Privacy,
Authentication
User Experience
Op...
“Usability is like a joke. It’s bad
if it needs to be explained”
- Jakob Nielsen(?)
Common for all five:
Open Standards
Open Source
2020? 2030?
Reality check with people from
Linux Foundation, IBM,
Microsoft, Altibox, Eye
Networks and Forrester
“It is happening fast in vertical
businesses or specific markets
because they have regulatory
bodies, protocols and
standa...
“The technology is there. The
consumer version could be
implemented quickly. But
competition, privacy concerns
and mindset...
Consumer products
http://www.homeautomationinfo.com/Drupal/HA_Company_Directory
Lyse Smartly: 130.000 homes?
https://www.smartly.no/hjem#
https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
C++/Java on Andriod, Arduino, iOS,
OS/X, Windows, Linux
http://mashable.com/2014/05/30/chill-bear/
“Siri, turn on the
lights in the living room”
Apple’s Home kit & Health kit
MQTT & Node.red
Starting with IoT @ home or work
Demo
how to do reliable
messaging over
unreliable
networks?
”
“
Image: IBM
http://iot-datamodels.blogspot.no
Pub/Sub with topic paths
http://m.eet.com/media/1171446/0912embmqtt01.png
/container/address/devicetype/unique/status <pay...
Multiple brokers
http://usuaris.tinet.cat/sag/mq_pubsub.htm
IoT-friendly “Tricks”
•  Last will & testament
•  Binary payload
•  3 QoS levels
•  Retained messages
•  2 byte overhead
•...
Mobile: MQTT vs HTTPS
http://mobilebit.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/rest-is-for-sleeping-mqtt-is-for-mobile/
”
“
MQTT might be in your pocket now
MQTT is so simple that my
children instantly could follow
the message flow and suggest
changes
Can combined with REST to
provide notifications
Node.red
6-Jun-141
http://www.infoq.com/resource/news/2014/05/ibm-node-red-qconlondon/en/resources/Node-RED-WS-Tweet-Demo-QCon-London-2014.png
Inputs
Functions
& Social
Storage,
Analysis,
“Advanced”
“Node-RED is an intriguing open source
solution for 'If This Then That' workflows.
I've been able to construct an alerting...
Can use other node.js packages
& be embedded
Missing:
Petri-net style
transitions
http://www.jfsowa.com/ontology/causal.htm
My Original Python Broker:
~20 hrs
Node Red:
1 hr
My own setup
6-Jun-141
And how you can get started
Arduino 1
+ servo shield
Logical level
converter
Raspberry
Pi
Arduino 2SonarBreadboard
power supply
Arduino sketch Arduino sketch
Python scripts
Node.Red
Mosquitto
MQTT server
Minecraft client
Bukkit Server
Scriptcraft wit...
Broker
/container/address/devicetype/unique/status <payload>
/minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE
/container/...
6-Jun-14
! /arduino/2/sonar/Ping: 29
! /minecraft/world/sonar/250,72,211 Ping: 9
! /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/statu...
Presence
detection
Moisture-
meter
RelaysVibration-
sensors
Servos Light-
sensor
Temperature
Noise level
Video-
surveilanc...
Over 18 million licenses sold
Scriptcraft lets you control it
with Javascript
“Gateway drug” for getting
kids interested i...
“Devices”
A skull that detects
if the player is near
A sonar that tells the
distance to a player
Redstone levers
block des...
“Devices”
Code: make the skull move
Sommerfeldt surveilance system?
http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/10/an-internet-of-things-demo-using-
raspberry-pi-arduino-minecraft-and-mqtt/
github.com/sisomm/iot-concepts
6-Jun-141
Thanks to...
•  Loek Vredenberg & Andy Piper @ IBM
•  Joe Speeds @ Linux Foundation
•  Arif Shafique @ Microsoft
•  Michel...
Questions?
Thanks
Some links
Andy S-C on IoT @TED: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9nrm8q5eGg
http://mobilebit.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/rest...
MQTT servers
•  IBM MQ Series
•  Mosquitto
•  Eclipse Paho
•  Eurotech Everywhere
Device Cloud
•  Xively
•  eMQTT
•  m2m.i...
•  Mule
•  Fuse ESB
•  WSO2
•  IBM Websphere ESB
•  Talend
ESB’s
Security
•  Username/Password
•  SSL connections
•  ACL for topics
•  Client authentication (Certificates)
•  Encrypt mess...
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
An introduction to the Internet of things
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An introduction to the Internet of things

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First off, I describe how we can divide IoT (Internet of Things) in two versions: The Enterprise and for Consumers. After that, I describe what the IoT can really be in the future (read http://sommerfeldt.co/2014/05/01/internet-of-things-or-should-we-call-it-the-emperors-new-wearables/), using Illustrations that my 7 yo. daughter made for me. I then talk about the necessary enablers for this. I also show what the different vendors are offering in the space, and the most prominent protocols and standards. In the second part, I show how you can make your own home automation system using MQTT and node.red - two interesting IoT-related offerings. This is partly described here: http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/10/an-internet-of-things-demo-using-raspberry-pi-arduino-minecraft-and-mqtt/

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Transcript of "An introduction to the Internet of things"

  1. 1. An intro to the Internet of Things Simen Sommerfeldt, NDC Oslo 2014
  2. 2. CTO, Bouvet Oslo Dataforeningen, HIOA, Lær Kidsa Koding! NoNog Oslo IoT meetup @sisomm
  3. 3. What the Internet of things is
  4. 4. Some thoughts on how to get started in the enterprise
  5. 5. What it can be for all of us
  6. 6. Enablers
  7. 7. What the vendors say
  8. 8. Relevant standards
  9. 9. Scare kids on Halloween http://nspt4kids.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/scared-boy-on-halloween.jpg
  10. 10. A confusing topic
  11. 11. So much information, so much happening!
  12. 12. http://www.bishopmikelowry.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/drinking-from-the-firehose.jpg
  13. 13. http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/07/the-internet-of-things-keiserens-nye-wearables/ http://sommerfeldt.co/2014/05/01/internet-of-things-or-should-we-call-it-the-emperors-new-wearables/
  14. 14. http://sommerfeldt.co/2014/05/01/internet-of-things-or-should-we-call-it-the-emperors-new-wearables/
  15. 15. http://e24.no/digital/slik-blir-tingenes-internett/22807160 http://www.aftenposten.no/okonomi/De-lever-i-fremtiden-7552621.html “says Norwegian Expert”
  16. 16. http://dashingduchesses.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/presence-Luddites-textile-mill-2.jpg An official luddite?
  17. 17. Så hva er “the internet of things?”
  18. 18. The Internet of Things: By the Numbers B5075212 Slide copied from http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build/2014/2-511
  19. 19. Animation copied from http://channel9.msdn.com/Events/Build/2014/2-511 “$8.9 trillion market in 2020, 212 billion connected things” Huge numbers - IDC, 2013
  20. 20. “Internet of things: $8.9 trillion market in 2020, 212 billion connected things” - IDC, 2013 http://www.zdnet.com/internet-of-things-8-9-trillion-market-in-2020-212-billion-connected-things-7000021516/
  21. 21. “There are actually two different internet of things” - Dionne Hinchcliffe http://www.zdnet.com/is-the-internet-of-things-strategic-to-the-enterprise-7000030068/
  22. 22. “One is the enterprise-grade version that has long been in place and is already helping us run our companies” - Dionne Hinchcliffe http://www.zdnet.com/is-the-internet-of-things-strategic-to-the-enterprise-7000030068/
  23. 23. In the enterprise...
  24. 24. Support for and extension of Business Processes using Sensors, Big Data, Orchestration, Machine Learning
  25. 25. Microsoft & IBM: Enterprise-IoT
  26. 26. Cloud-connected Large Mobile Micro Small Azure M2M Device management Command & Control Data Analytics
  27. 27. “The other IoT is the emerging consumer-based cloud of connected products and services which has only been happening in a significant way in the last 2-3 years” - Dionne Hinchcliffe http://www.zdnet.com/is-the-internet-of-things-strategic-to-the-enterprise-7000030068/
  28. 28. Advice for enterprise systems
  29. 29. “Involve Customer experience people, Architects, Partners, s Sales, CRM, Lawyers, Other Stakeholders” - Michele Pelino, Forrester Research
  30. 30. Security, privacy, authentication
  31. 31. Operations
  32. 32. In consumer space...
  33. 33. “Everything” gets connected
  34. 34. We can orchestrate them all!
  35. 35. Smart homes 6-Jun-144
  36. 36. What is it the Consumer IoT?
  37. 37. “Does one vendor's product work with another's? Does a door lock by one vendor communicate with a light switch by another vendor, and do you want the thermostat to be part of the conversation?” - Patrick Thibodeau http://www.citeworld.com/article/2155401/internet-of-things/the-abcs-of-the-internet-of-things7.html?page=1
  38. 38. Or is it “The internet AND things”?
  39. 39. “An Electric Heater finds its place” ...sometime in 2030...
  40. 40. •  Home automation •  Wearables •  Enterprise IoT •  Self-driving cars •  Intelligent cities •  Infrastructure ...to a bigger whole?
  41. 41. Ingrid buys a panel oven
  42. 42. Ingrid on the bus
  43. 43. Ingrid with family
  44. 44. Enablers
  45. 45. Device classification & Interoperability ?? ? ? ?
  46. 46. “On the internet, nobody knows that you are a toaster” - Ross Mason, Mulesoft
  47. 47. Protocols •  XMPP: Presence •  MQTT: Collection •  DDS: Distributed objects •  AMQP: Large volume brokers •  CoAP: REST Request/Response M2M •  Alljoyn: M2M Mesh network/device bus
  48. 48. “There is no vendor large enough to control the IoT, but there are vendors large enough to make a mess of it.” - Patrick Thibodeau http://www.citeworld.com/article/2155401/internet-of-things/the-abcs-of-the-internet-of-things7.html?page=2
  49. 49. Device classification & Interoperability Connectivity & Address space? ? ? ?
  50. 50. Wifi, Mobile Data, Bluetooth Low Energy, ZigBee Z-wave Mesh Networks!
  51. 51. IPv4 is running out! http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/plotvarcum.png
  52. 52. Device classification & Interoperability Connectivity & Address space Security, Privacy, Authentication ? ? ?
  53. 53. http://zapmed.com/Downloads/TOAST.jpg
  54. 54. http://thehackernews.com/2011/12/cplc-chief-says-pakistan-safe-heaven.html
  55. 55. http://www.engadget.com/2014/01/17/internet-of-things-hacked-malicious-email-phishing/
  56. 56. http://berntolufsen.vg.no/2014/05/19/rapport-fra-staten-google/
  57. 57. A hotel lobby today, Tomorrow..
  58. 58. Big Data Machine Learning Internet of Things Do we want this?
  59. 59. Device classification & Interoperability Connectivity & Address space Security, Privacy, Authentication Open business models ? ?
  60. 60. Vendor lock-in
  61. 61. Device classification & Interoperability Connectivity & Address space Security, Privacy, Authentication User Experience Open business models ?
  62. 62. “Usability is like a joke. It’s bad if it needs to be explained” - Jakob Nielsen(?)
  63. 63. Common for all five: Open Standards Open Source
  64. 64. 2020? 2030? Reality check with people from Linux Foundation, IBM, Microsoft, Altibox, Eye Networks and Forrester
  65. 65. “It is happening fast in vertical businesses or specific markets because they have regulatory bodies, protocols and standards” - Michele Pelino, Forrester Research
  66. 66. “The technology is there. The consumer version could be implemented quickly. But competition, privacy concerns and mindset makes it hard to implement” - Michele Pelino, Forrester Research
  67. 67. Consumer products
  68. 68. http://www.homeautomationinfo.com/Drupal/HA_Company_Directory
  69. 69. Lyse Smartly: 130.000 homes? https://www.smartly.no/hjem#
  70. 70. https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
  71. 71. https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
  72. 72. https://www.alljoyn.org/sites/default/files/alljoyn-alliance.pdf
  73. 73. C++/Java on Andriod, Arduino, iOS, OS/X, Windows, Linux
  74. 74. http://mashable.com/2014/05/30/chill-bear/
  75. 75. “Siri, turn on the lights in the living room”
  76. 76. Apple’s Home kit & Health kit
  77. 77. MQTT & Node.red Starting with IoT @ home or work
  78. 78. Demo
  79. 79. how to do reliable messaging over unreliable networks? ” “
  80. 80. Image: IBM
  81. 81. http://iot-datamodels.blogspot.no
  82. 82. Pub/Sub with topic paths http://m.eet.com/media/1171446/0912embmqtt01.png /container/address/devicetype/unique/status <payload> /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE Wildcards: # entire subtree, + a single level
  83. 83. Multiple brokers http://usuaris.tinet.cat/sag/mq_pubsub.htm
  84. 84. IoT-friendly “Tricks” •  Last will & testament •  Binary payload •  3 QoS levels •  Retained messages •  2 byte overhead •  Small footprint •  Low bandwidth
  85. 85. Mobile: MQTT vs HTTPS http://mobilebit.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/rest-is-for-sleeping-mqtt-is-for-mobile/ ” “
  86. 86. MQTT might be in your pocket now
  87. 87. MQTT is so simple that my children instantly could follow the message flow and suggest changes
  88. 88. Can combined with REST to provide notifications
  89. 89. Node.red 6-Jun-141
  90. 90. http://www.infoq.com/resource/news/2014/05/ibm-node-red-qconlondon/en/resources/Node-RED-WS-Tweet-Demo-QCon-London-2014.png
  91. 91. Inputs
  92. 92. Functions & Social
  93. 93. Storage, Analysis, “Advanced”
  94. 94. “Node-RED is an intriguing open source solution for 'If This Then That' workflows. I've been able to construct an alerting workflow that pulls in data from our monitoring API and generates an alert when some condition is met, in less than two hours” - David Laing http://www.infoq.com/news/2014/05/ibm-node-red-qconlondon
  95. 95. Can use other node.js packages & be embedded
  96. 96. Missing: Petri-net style transitions http://www.jfsowa.com/ontology/causal.htm
  97. 97. My Original Python Broker: ~20 hrs Node Red: 1 hr
  98. 98. My own setup 6-Jun-141 And how you can get started
  99. 99. Arduino 1 + servo shield Logical level converter Raspberry Pi Arduino 2SonarBreadboard power supply
  100. 100. Arduino sketch Arduino sketch Python scripts Node.Red Mosquitto MQTT server Minecraft client Bukkit Server Scriptcraft with MQTT plugin Javascript
  101. 101. Broker /container/address/devicetype/unique/status <payload> /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE /container/address/devicetype/unique/incoming <payload> /arduino/1/incoming SERVOS_MOVE,54,69
  102. 102. 6-Jun-14 ! /arduino/2/sonar/Ping: 29 ! /minecraft/world/sonar/250,72,211 Ping: 9 ! /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status HAS_COMPANY " /arduino/1/incoming LEDS_ON ! /minecraft/world/facetracker/250,72,211/status 0.038844700742, -0.100218465107 " /arduino/1/incoming SERVOS_MOVE,54,69 ! /minecraft/world/lever/-251,71,210/status 0 " /arduino/1/incoming LED,1,0 ! /minecraft/world/lever/-249,71,210/status 1 " /arduino/1/incoming LED,1,1 ! /minecraft/world/skull/250,72,211/status IS_ALONE " /arduino/1/incoming LEDS_OFF ! /minecraft/world/sonar/250,72,211 Ping: 20 ! /minecraft/world/block/-251,70,183/status BROKEN
  103. 103. Presence detection Moisture- meter RelaysVibration- sensors Servos Light- sensor Temperature Noise level Video- surveilance http://hackedgadgets.com/2009/05/20/automated-house-climate-control-whole-home-information-awareness/
  104. 104. Over 18 million licenses sold Scriptcraft lets you control it with Javascript “Gateway drug” for getting kids interested in coding Has an MQTT plugin
  105. 105. “Devices” A skull that detects if the player is near A sonar that tells the distance to a player Redstone levers block destruction alarm A “Facetracker” giving the vector to the player
  106. 106. “Devices”
  107. 107. Code: make the skull move
  108. 108. Sommerfeldt surveilance system?
  109. 109. http://blogg.bouvet.no/2014/03/10/an-internet-of-things-demo-using- raspberry-pi-arduino-minecraft-and-mqtt/
  110. 110. github.com/sisomm/iot-concepts 6-Jun-141
  111. 111. Thanks to... •  Loek Vredenberg & Andy Piper @ IBM •  Joe Speeds @ Linux Foundation •  Arif Shafique @ Microsoft •  Michele Pelino @ Forrester Research •  Jan Pedro Tumusok @ Eye Networks •  Ragnar Anfinsen @ Altibox •  Walter Higgins @ IBM for adding MQTT to scriptcraft!
  112. 112. Questions?
  113. 113. Thanks
  114. 114. Some links Andy S-C on IoT @TED: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9nrm8q5eGg http://mobilebit.wordpress.com/2013/05/03/rest-is-for-sleeping-mqtt-is-for-mobile http://www.slideshare.net/nivertech/zvi-mqtts-foreuc2013 http://jpmens.net/2013/02/25/lots-of-messages-mqtt-pub-sub-and-the-mosquitto- broker/ http://embeddedtek.blogspot.no/2013/02/internet-of-things-sous-vide-cooker.html http://nrkbeta.no/2013/09/18/uendelige-muligheter-med-internett-i-alt/ http://mqtt.org/wiki/doku.php/history http://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/dw/webservices/ws-mqtt/mqtt- v3r1.html#appendix- https://www.eclipsecon.org/na2014/session/securing-internet-things-and-mqtt http://server.dzone.com/articles/controlling-house-50-miles
  115. 115. MQTT servers •  IBM MQ Series •  Mosquitto •  Eclipse Paho •  Eurotech Everywhere Device Cloud •  Xively •  eMQTT •  m2m.io •  RabbitMQ •  Apache ActiveMQ •  Apache Apollo •  Moquette •  HiveMQ •  Mosca •  Litmus Automation Loop
  116. 116. •  Mule •  Fuse ESB •  WSO2 •  IBM Websphere ESB •  Talend ESB’s
  117. 117. Security •  Username/Password •  SSL connections •  ACL for topics •  Client authentication (Certificates) •  Encrypt messages
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