Technical Overview

Charlie Russel
Microsoft MVP – Windows Server
Windows Server 2008 Administrator's Companion
Web
      Virtualization                     Management
Hyper-V with Live Migration        Power Management               ...
Microsoft’s virtualization vision
    Server virtualization with Hyper-V
    Presentation virtualization with RDS
Hyper-V Management Console
PowerShell command-line interface
System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008
Boot from .vhd
  Enables pre-configuration of virtual and
  physical computers
  Reduces the number of managed images
  Si...
RDS & VDI – an                 Remote Application             Remote Application
integrated solution                  Acce...
Server 2008                    Server 2008 R2

 Terminal Services              Remote Desktop Services
 Terminal Server   ...
Client experience configuration page
Remote Desktop IP Virtualization
Windows Installer RDS Compatibility
Fair Share CPU S...
RemoteApp & Desktop Connections
  RemoteApp & Desktops icons integrated into start menu etc
  Icons refreshed & updated au...
RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution
  Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines,
  out of the box so...
Power management
Streamlined administration
Windows PowerShell remote scenarios
The PowerShell graphical interface
Extendi...
2.8 GHz Dual
                            Core Processor
Core Parking
Adjusting                        P-State Percent Freq...
Management console                Improvements
                                   • Provides support for remote
Server Man...
Server Manager PowerShell cmdlets:
  Get-WindowsFeature
  Add-WindowsFeature
  Remove-WindowsFeature
Leverages PowerShell ...
Using pkgmgr to install Web Server (IIS):
       start /w pkgmgr /iu:IIS-WebServerRole;IIS-WebServer;IIS-CommonHttpFeature...
Fan-Out (1 to Many)
   Send the script
   Select properties – Allows you to
   specify which properties to bring
   back
 ...
Out-GridView
               Graphical PowerShell
                Multi-tabbed
                 interface Integrated
      ...
Advanced functions
Call .NET APIs
Improved debugging
Event log subscription
Write cmdlets in PowerShell script
Script tran...
Net Total 574 PowerShell Cmdlets in R2
(NOT FINAL NUMBER, yada,yada)
http://blogs.msdn.com/powershell/archive/ta
gs/Presen...
Active Directory server role enhancements
   New forest functional level
   PowerShell management
   Microsoft System Cent...
Integrated Best Practice Analyzer
  Validates configuration information
  Enhances infrastructure reliability
  Improves c...
Introducing IIS 7.5
Expanding IIS Manager
Easier Troubleshooting
IIS 7.5 FTP Services
Extensible architecture
More Reliable              More Control                  More Secure                   More Choice
 Increased availability...
Enhanced IIS Manager
  Configuration Editor
  IIS Manager UI Extensions
  Request Filtering
Windows PowerShell Provider
.N...
Auditing changes and application
configuration
Failed Request Tracing for FastCGI
Best Practice Analyzer
Supports New
Web Standards
  FTP over SSL
  USC and UTF8
  IPv6
Virtual Host
Names
Introduced Modularity and Extensibility




Windows Server 2008

Extensions bundled with IIS 7.5


                       ...
Extension                                   RTW   Beta   Future
                                             
FTP Publish...
Performance & Scalability
Failover Clustering in Server 2008 R2
Storage Performance
256 Logical
  Cores




 Reduced overhead
  via Server Core



  High performance
       storage
Improved physical processor and
memory resources
  Runs exclusively on 64-bit processors
  Supports up to 256 logical proc...
The OS as Components
  Install only what you need

Example: Server Core, Branch RoDC
  Role = Active Directory Services
  ...
Monitoring:
clusters, nodes    PowerShell
                                Read-Only
and applications    Provider
         ...
Windows
                                Server 2003



                                                 Windows
          ...
Concurrent
                                   access to a
                                single file system




         ...
I/O Redirected
                                via network
    Routed to
RedundantFailure
    Node Network
               ...
iSCSI Performance Enhancements




Multi-path performance
      optimization
                           Storage Area
     ...
DirectAccess™

BranchCache™

Read-Only DFS for branch security

Serving Up the Virtual Desktop

Protection for Mobile Data
Remote access is now ubiquitous
Comprehensive anywhere access for Windows 7
and Windows Server 2008 R2
  Seamless, always-...
IPv4 Devices
          IPv6 Devices
                                                            Support IPv4 via
         ...
Reduces Wide Area Network (WAN) link
utilization
Completely transparent to the user
Supports end-to-end encryption between...
2. Second client
                                                   downloads identifiers
                                ...
4. Second client
                                                            downloads from
                              ...
Regional
      Datacenter                       Support for read-only DFS

                                               ...
RDS extended to include VDI
Simplified publishing and access
Support for managed & unmanaged clients
Tight integration wit...
Encrypt data on removable drives
Provided by BitLocker Drive Encryption
Store encryption keys in Windows Server
2008 R2 Ac...
Increased server consolidation
Greater administrative control
Rich Web-based experiences
Performance and scalability enhan...
Charlie Russel
                                                                      Microsoft MVP – Windows Server
      ...
RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution
  Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box
  so...
Remote App
                            Servers


                                                        Hyper-V-based
   ...
Hyper-V-based
                                                Remote Desktop




           Remote App
                   ...
Beta
2003   2005   2008   2009    2010




                               RTM
Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It   Ws 2008 R2   Charlie Russel
Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It   Ws 2008 R2   Charlie Russel
Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It   Ws 2008 R2   Charlie Russel
Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It   Ws 2008 R2   Charlie Russel
Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It   Ws 2008 R2   Charlie Russel
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Fy09 Sask Tel Learn It Ws 2008 R2 Charlie Russel

  1. 1. Technical Overview Charlie Russel Microsoft MVP – Windows Server Windows Server 2008 Administrator's Companion
  2. 2. Web Virtualization Management Hyper-V with Live Migration Power Management IIS 7.5 Hot Add/Remove VM Storage PowerShell 2.0 ASP .NET on Server Core Remote Desktop Services AD Administrative Center Web Management Best Practices Analyzer Web Publishing Solid Foundation for Enterprise Workloads Scalability and Reliability Better Together with Windows 7 DirectAccess ™ >64 Core Support BranchCache ™ Componentization Enhanced Group Policies Remote Desktop & App Connections
  3. 3. Microsoft’s virtualization vision Server virtualization with Hyper-V Presentation virtualization with RDS
  4. 4. Hyper-V Management Console PowerShell command-line interface System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008
  5. 5. Boot from .vhd Enables pre-configuration of virtual and physical computers Reduces the number of managed images Simplifies test deployments VHD Boot
  6. 6. RDS & VDI – an Remote Application Remote Application integrated solution Access Access Hyper-V support for RemoteApp & Desktop True multiple virtual desktops Connections monitor support Single discovery, broker RemoteApp & Desktop Multimedia Support & publishing & Web Access & Bi direction audio infrastructure 2D and 3D remoting RD Gateway Security SCVMM Support for DirectX 10.1 Improvements (DXGI 1.1) Platform & Management New API, Connection Broker Extensibility,, Powershell Support, Best Practices Analyzer
  7. 7. Server 2008 Server 2008 R2 Terminal Services Remote Desktop Services Terminal Server Remote Desktop Server Terminal Services Licensing Remote Desktop Licensing (TS Licensing) (RD Licensing) Terminal Services Gateway Remote Desktop Gateway (TS Gateway) (RD Gateway) Terminal Services Session Remote Desktop Connection Broker (TS Session Broker) Broker (RD Connection Broker) Terminal Services Web Access (TS Web Access) Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access)
  8. 8. Client experience configuration page Remote Desktop IP Virtualization Windows Installer RDS Compatibility Fair Share CPU Scheduling Roaming user profile cache management Also: Remote Desktop Client Experience Remote Desktop Services Provider for Windows PowerShell
  9. 9. RemoteApp & Desktop Connections RemoteApp & Desktops icons integrated into start menu etc Icons refreshed & updated automatically Multimedia Support & Audio Input Experience rich multimedia redirection Use VoIP applications and speech recognition. True multiple monitor support Use up to 10 monitors of any size or layout with RemoteApp and Desktops Applications behave like users expect – e.g. PowerPoint installing them locally Aero Glass for Remote Desktop Server Uses have the same new Windows 7 look and feel when using Remote Desktop Server RemoteApp™ Language Bar Support Configure applications that use alternate language settings (e.g. right to left languages) from the local language
  10. 10. RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box solution for VDI scenarios with Hyper-V RemoteApp & Desktop Connections Centrally managed list of applications and desktops (RDS & VDI) Automatically published, refreshed & integrated with Windows 7 RemoteApp & Desktop Web Access Integrated with RemoteApp & Desktop Connection management tools Provides access to applications & desktops from Windows 7, Vista & XP Integrated Single Sign On. only a single logon for RemoteApp & Desktop connections Forms based logon for RemoteApp & Desktop Web Access Remote Desktop Gateway . Session & Idle timeouts to enforce policy and authorization refresh Pluggable authentication and consent signing
  11. 11. Power management Streamlined administration Windows PowerShell remote scenarios The PowerShell graphical interface Extending Windows PowerShell scripts AD & identity management Best Practice Analyzers
  12. 12. 2.8 GHz Dual Core Processor Core Parking Adjusting P-State Percent Frequency 0 100 2.800 GHz P-states 1 90 2.520 GHz P-State=0 2 85 2.380 GHz Processor Processor GHz Centralized 3 75 2.100 Core 1 Active 4 Core 2 InactiveGHz Storage1.680 60 Area Processor storage 5 50Network GHz 1.400 Core 1 P-State Percent Frequency 0 100 2.800 GHz Processor Processor GHz 1 90 2.520 P-State=4 Core 3 Inactive 2 Core 4 InactiveGHz 85 2.380 3 75 2.100 GHz 4 60 1.680 GHz Processor 5 50 1.400 GHz Core 2
  13. 13. Management console Improvements • Provides support for remote Server Manager management of computers • Leverages capabilities provided by Active Directory Administrative Center PowerShell • Task driven user interface • Leverages capabilities provided by IIS Manager PowerShell • Task driven user interface • New VM management consoles Hyper-V™ • Updated SCVMM support
  14. 14. Server Manager PowerShell cmdlets: Get-WindowsFeature Add-WindowsFeature Remove-WindowsFeature Leverages PowerShell features/reach Richer command line experience (auto- completion, wildcards, object pipeline, etc) Remoting Availability on Server Core
  15. 15. Using pkgmgr to install Web Server (IIS): start /w pkgmgr /iu:IIS-WebServerRole;IIS-WebServer;IIS-CommonHttpFeatures;IIS- StaticContent;IIS-DefaultDocument;IIS-DirectoryBrowsing;IIS-HttpErrors;IIS-HttpRedirect;IIS- ApplicationDevelopment;IIS-ASPNET; IIS-NetFxExtensibility; IIS-ASP;IIS-CGI;IIS-ISAPIExtensions;IIS-ISAPIFilter;IIS-ServerSideIncludes;IIS- HealthAndDiagnostics;IIS-HttpLogging;IIS-LoggingLibraries;IIS-RequestMonitor; IIS-HttpTracing;IIS-CustomLogging;IIS-ODBCLogging;IIS-Security;IIS-BasicAuthentication;IIS- WindowsAuthentication;IIS-DigestAuthentication;IIS- ClientCertificateMappingAuthentication;IIS-IISCertificateMappingAuthentication; IIS-URLAuthorization;IIS-RequestFiltering; IIS-IPSecurity;IIS-Performance;IIS-HttpCompressionStatic;IIS-HttpCompressionDynamic;IIS- WebServerManagementTools;IIS-ManagementConsole;IIS-ManagementScriptingTools;IIS- ManagementService;IIS-IIS6ManagementCompatibility; IIS-Metabase;IIS-WMICompatibility;IIS-LegacyScripts;IIS-LegacySnapIn; IIS-FTPPublishingService;IIS-FTPServer;IIS-FTPManagement;WAS- WindowsActivationService;WAS-ProcessModel;WAS-NetFxEnvironment;WAS-ConfigurationAPI Or using Server Manager: Add-WindowsFeature web-server 18
  16. 16. Fan-Out (1 to Many) Send the script Select properties – Allows you to specify which properties to bring back Throttling – limits number of concurrent operations Async support – Runs the command in background on client Fan-In (Many to 1) Hosting model Share static data between sessions (eg: cmdlet metadata from snap-in) Send progress information to client (eg: Connecting, Connected)
  17. 17. Out-GridView Graphical PowerShell Multi-tabbed interface Integrated development environment Syntax coloring
  18. 18. Advanced functions Call .NET APIs Improved debugging Event log subscription Write cmdlets in PowerShell script Script translation New cmdlets Community site
  19. 19. Net Total 574 PowerShell Cmdlets in R2 (NOT FINAL NUMBER, yada,yada) http://blogs.msdn.com/powershell/archive/ta gs/Presentation/default.aspx
  20. 20. Active Directory server role enhancements New forest functional level PowerShell management Microsoft System Center Management Pack Active Directory Administrative Center Recycle Bin Offline domain join Managed service accounts Active Directory Federated Services update Authentication assurance
  21. 21. Integrated Best Practice Analyzer Validates configuration information Enhances infrastructure reliability Improves compliance with service level agreements
  22. 22. Introducing IIS 7.5 Expanding IIS Manager Easier Troubleshooting IIS 7.5 FTP Services Extensible architecture
  23. 23. More Reliable More Control More Secure More Choice Increased availability Simplified, distributed Improved security and Flexible platform with through dynamic request management through set server protection through enhanced support for handling, improved of customizable reduced server footprint multiple application caching and powerful administration tools with and enhanced publishing development platforms troubleshooting tools easier application and request filtering and media content deployment for developers capabilities delivery ● Scalable Web ● Powerful Administration ● Enhanced Server ● ASP.NET and PHP Infrastructure Tools Protection Support ● Dynamic Caching and ● Centralized Web ● Secure Content Publishing ● Modular & Extensible Web Compression Management Server ● Improved Access ● Rich Diagnostic Tools ● Delegated Remote ● Intelligent Media Serving Protection Management
  24. 24. Enhanced IIS Manager Configuration Editor IIS Manager UI Extensions Request Filtering Windows PowerShell Provider .NET on Server Core
  25. 25. Auditing changes and application configuration Failed Request Tracing for FastCGI Best Practice Analyzer
  26. 26. Supports New Web Standards FTP over SSL USC and UTF8 IPv6 Virtual Host Names
  27. 27. Introduced Modularity and Extensibility Windows Server 2008 Extensions bundled with IIS 7.5 3rd Party PowerShell Provider, FTP publishing, WebDAV publishing and New IIS Administration Pack modules Windows Server 2008 R2
  28. 28. Extension RTW Beta Future  FTP Publishing Service for IIS 7.0  WebDAV for IIS 7.0  IIS 7.0 Manager for Remote Administration  IIS 7.0 Administration Pack  Windows PowerShell Provider for IIS 7.0  URL Rewriter  URL Scan  Web Playlists  Bit Rate Throttling  Application Request Routing  Web Deployment Tool  Database Manager  Web Platform Installer  Web Application Installer
  29. 29. Performance & Scalability Failover Clustering in Server 2008 R2 Storage Performance
  30. 30. 256 Logical Cores Reduced overhead via Server Core High performance storage
  31. 31. Improved physical processor and memory resources Runs exclusively on 64-bit processors Supports up to 256 logical processor cores Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V supports up to 32 physical processor cores Improved virtual processor resources Each virtual machine supports up to 4 logical cores Supports Second-Level Address Translation (SLAT) and CPU Core Parking
  32. 32. The OS as Components Install only what you need Example: Server Core, Branch RoDC Role = Active Directory Services Features = BitLocker Server = Kernel, TCP/IP & Security
  33. 33. Monitoring: clusters, nodes PowerShell Read-Only and applications Provider Access
  34. 34. Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows New HA Roles: DFS-Replication, Hyper- Server 2008 V and Terminal Services Session Broker R2
  35. 35. Concurrent access to a single file system SAN VHD VHD VHD Disk 5 Single Volume
  36. 36. I/O Redirected via network Routed to RedundantFailure Node Network VM running on Node 2 is unaffected Brief queuing of I/O while Volume volume SAN Network ownership is Path mounted on Volume Connectivity Connectivity Node 1 changed SAN relocates to a Failure Failure healthy node VHD
  37. 37. iSCSI Performance Enhancements Multi-path performance optimization Storage Area Network
  38. 38. DirectAccess™ BranchCache™ Read-Only DFS for branch security Serving Up the Virtual Desktop Protection for Mobile Data
  39. 39. Remote access is now ubiquitous Comprehensive anywhere access for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Seamless, always-on, secure connectivity; no separate client software required Utilizes networking technologies already in Windows Server 2008 No separate action required to connect to corpnet while remote. Corpnet is simply there. Leverages policy-based network access Enables desktop management regardless of client location.
  40. 40. IPv4 Devices IPv6 Devices Support IPv4 via 6to4 transition IT desktop services or NAT-PT management DirectAccess provides Native IPv6 Allows desktop transparent, secured with IPSec management of AD Group Policy, access to intranet DirectAccess clients NAP, software IPv6 Transition resources without a VPN updates Services Supports direct connectivity to IPv6- Internet DirectAccess based intranet Server resources Supports variety of Allows IPSec encryption and remote network Windows 7 authentication protocols Client
  41. 41. Reduces Wide Area Network (WAN) link utilization Completely transparent to the user Supports end-to-end encryption between clients and servers HTTP, SMB and BITS protocols are optimized Two deployment models: Distributed mode Hosted caching
  42. 42. 2. Second client downloads identifiers from main office server Client 1 Main Office Client 2 1. First client downloads Branch Office data from main office server 3. Second client searches local network for data and downloads from first client
  43. 43. 4. Second client downloads from hosted cache 2. Content pushed to hosted cache from first client Client 1 Main Office 1. First client downloads Client 2 Branch Office data from main office server 3. Second client downloads identifiers from main office server
  44. 44. Regional Datacenter Support for read-only DFS Read-only Replica of DFS Read/Write Branch Office Replica of DFS Provides a read-only, replica copy of read/write DFS Deletions are resources not allowed Prevents modifications within branch office
  45. 45. RDS extended to include VDI Simplified publishing and access Support for managed & unmanaged clients Tight integration with Windows 7 ‘Feeds’ Start menu, system tray and control panel RemoteApp & Desktop Web Access Improved end-user experience High-end multimedia, multi-monitor, Aero, more
  46. 46. Encrypt data on removable drives Provided by BitLocker Drive Encryption Store encryption keys in Windows Server 2008 R2 Active Directory Windows Server 2008 R2 Active Directory
  47. 47. Increased server consolidation Greater administrative control Rich Web-based experiences Performance and scalability enhancements Unprecedented synergies with client OS Anywhere access Taking an enterprise-class foundation to the next level
  48. 48. Charlie Russel Microsoft MVP – Windows Server Windows Server 2008 Administrator's Companion Charlie@scribes.com © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  49. 49. RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box solution for VDI scenarios with Hyper-V Improving the User Experience Experience rich multimedia, VoIP integration, aero glass remoting, true multi-monitor support RemoteApp & Desktop Connections Centrally hosted applications integrated into start menu, desktop, etc. Can personalize a non-work PC with work applications without installing them locally Improved Management Toolset Reduce repetitive task with RDS PowerShell support, improved application install, connection broker install & profile management Platform Investments Multiple levels of extensibility for custom partner solutions for Remote Desktop Services & VDI based solutions
  50. 50. Remote App Servers Hyper-V-based Remote Desktops Authentication Client Remote Desktop RemoteApp & Remote Desktop Desktop Web Access Gateway Server Connection Server Broker
  51. 51. Hyper-V-based Remote Desktop Remote App Virtual Server Desktop 1 Authentication Client Remote Desktop RemoteApp & Remote Desktop Desktop Web Access Gateway Server Connection Server Broker
  52. 52. Beta 2003 2005 2008 2009 2010 RTM
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