Juan picos at ifss2013 pontevedra 6.8.13
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  • 1. WELCOME SPEECH IN PONTEVEDRA OVERVIEW OF GALICIAN FORESTRY AND FOREST SECTOR JUAN PICOS jpicos@uvigo.es @jpicos13
  • 2. Marley was dead: to begin with.
  • 3. “Are you the Spirit, sir, whose coming was foretold to me?” asked Scrooge. “I am!” The voice was soft and gentle. Singularly low, as if instead of being so close beside him, it were at a distance. “Who, and what are you?” Scrooge demanded. “I am the Ghost of Christmas Past.”
  • 4. 'Come in!' exclaimed the Ghost. 'Come in! and know me better, man.‘ Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not the dogged Scrooge he had been; and though the Spirit's eyes were clear and kind, he did not like to meet them. 'I am the Ghost of Christmas Present,' said the Spirit. 'Look upon me!’
  • 5. 8 Foreword Galicia in figures Land Use in Galicia Timber Harvesting in Galicia Forest Based Industries in Galicia Forest Ownership in Galicia
  • 6. 9 EU – Spain - Galicia
  • 7. 10 Galicia in figures 2.7 million inhabitants ( aprox = Jamaica) Total extension: aprox. 3 M ha ( aprox = Belgium, Albania, Armenia) GDP2012 74.729 M US$ (aprox= Oman) GDP 2012 per cápita = 27.000 $ (aprox= Czech Rep., Slovenia)
  • 8. 11 Galicia in figures Population •stagnating, ageing, •coastal zone >70% inland <30%) • Disperse (76% in municipalities < 2 000 inhabitants) Own Language (Galician) Primary sectors relevant to economy (Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry+Forest Based Indust.) Other important sectors (Energy, car industry, textile …) Still Convergence Region (81% EU27 GDP per capita)
  • 9. En una carta enviada al Rey Felipe II en 1574 por el regente y los alcaldes mayores del Reino de Galicia: “dhas arboledas crian en heredades propias limitadas y amojonadas como si fusen huertas o viñas y las benefician curándolas y labrándolas y cortando de ellas de tantos en tantos años muy amenudo porque la tierra es de tal calidad que quantomas se cortare, tanto mas naçe y crece y es tanta la arboleda que produce que tiene necesidad de yrla entresacando todos los años”. Según esta fuente en las tierras particulares no eran “brauas sino que se ponen y plantan y cultivan y que en dichas arboleadas hay muchas diferencias de madera”
  • 10. Galician Forests - Main Figures 3rd National Forest Inventory 4th National Forest Inventory 1998 2009 Forest 1.372.222,00 1424094,17 ha 4% Standing Volume 133 M m3 o.b. 192 Mm3 o.b. 44% Average Volume / ha 94,70 m3 o.b. /ha 134 m3 o.b. / ha 41% Annual Increment 11 M m3 Annual Fellings 6 M m3 7,8 M m3 31%
  • 11. 23 Land Use in Galicia 60 % Forest Land (forest+shrubland) 48 % Forest Forest Shrubland Agriculture Improductive
  • 12. 24 Predominant Soil Depth Potential bioclimatic intensities “Rule of thumb” (if no limiting factors) x 2 = Eucalyptus globulus MAI x 1,5 = Pinus radiata MAI x 1 = Pinus pinaster MAI Productivity
  • 13. 25 Land Use in Galicia 8% 2% 28% 12% 14% 7% 4% 4% 22% 3% 3% 11% 2% 2% Shrubland with scattered trees Riverside Trees Pinus pinaster Eucalyptus globulus Quercus robur Quercus pyrenaica Pinus sylvestris Pinus radiata Pinus pinaster & Eucalyptus globulus Pinus pinaster, Eucalyptus globulus & Quercus robur Quercus robur, Eucalyptus globulus & other broadleaves Castanea sativa & other broadleaves Pinus pinaster & broadleaves Forest stands in Galicia by dominant specie Fuente: III IFN (data of 1996) cited in O Monte galego en Cifras 2001
  • 14. Conifers (mainly Pinus pinaster, radiata, Evergreen Broadleaves (mainly Eucalyptus sp.) Other Broadleaves (mainly Oak, Chestnut, birch) 396.417 ha 437.550 ha215.899 ha
  • 15. Average Rotation 27 Eucalyptus: globulus 12 - 17 years (20-30 High Quality sawlogs) Pinus pinaster: 30 – 35 years Pinus radiata: 25 – 30 years Pinus sylvestris: 60 years Quercus robur : 80 years Castanea sativa: 60 years :
  • 16. 28 Timber Harvesting in Galicia Harvested Annual Timber Volume in Galicia by species 39,3% 10,4% 0,6% 0,1% 46,7% 1,4% 0,4% 0,9% 2,7% Pinus pinaster Pinus radiata Pinus sylvestris Other conifers Eucalyptus sp. Castanea sp. Quercus sp Betula sp. Other broadleaves Fuente: Economía rural y agraria en Galicia, 2002
  • 17. Galicia produces 50-55 % Spanish roundwood
  • 18. Galicia = 60% of Total Spanish Timber Harvest Source: BDN-MARM (2008) Galicia = 75% of Total Spanish Private Timber Harvest Source: BDN-MARM (2008) 2010 in Galicia: 33.000 timber sales Source: Monte Industria (2010) 6,8 Mm3 industrial + aprox. 1Mm3 fuelwood Source: Monte Industria (2010) 200 m3 / timber sale in avrg. 80% of forest plots < 0,5 ha (650.000 forest owners) Spain Cartogram of annual fellings Galicia Spain Galicia
  • 19. 32 Forest Ownership in Galicia 68% 2% 11% 19% 30% Private Individual Public Private Communal (Public Management) Private Communal (Private Management)
  • 20. Galician Forests - Main Figures 33 98% of the forest is PRIVATE FOREST 672.000 individual forest owners (in a 2.7 million population) less than 2 hectares in 2 or 3 different plots per owner. 80% of the plots is smaller than 0,5 ha. 2.800 private communal forests average size 250 ha, 36% managed by Forest Service through contracts Industry Manages directly less than 12.000 hectares
  • 21. 35
  • 22. 36
  • 23. 37 Forest Based Industries in Galicia Annual turnover in Galicia: >2.000 M€ (3% Galician GDP) Direct Employment: 15.000 persons (1,3% Galician workers) Induced Employment: 60.000 persons (5,3% Galician workers) Of which in rural areas: 65 % Responsible of 5% of Galician trade to EU and overseas 1998
  • 24. 'I am in the presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come?' said Scrooge. The Spirit answered not, but pointed onward with its hand. 'You are about to show me shadows of the things that have not happened, but will happen in the time before us,' Scrooge pursued. 'Is that so, Spirit?'
  • 25. 'I am in the presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come?' said Scrooge. The Spirit answered not, but pointed onward with its hand. 'You are about to show me shadows of the things that have not happened, but will happen in the time before us,' Scrooge pursued. 'Is that so, Spirit?'
  • 26. Madrid, 18 Noviembre de 2008 Its Better a land with trees in its forests than an State with Gold in its Banks