WOMENS SUFFRAGE ● IN THE UNITED STATES ● BRITAIN ● SPAIN
WHAT WAS THE WOMENS SUFFRAGE? ● Womens suffrage is the right of women to vote. ● It is also used for the economic and political reform movement aimed at extending these rights to women and without any restrictions or qualifications such as property ownership, employement or marital status.
The suffrage movement was a very broad one● In Britain: The Womens Social and Political Union with Emmeline Pankhurst as its most important representator. She was arrested and sent to prison in serveral occasions between 1907 and 1917, together with other suffragists.
WOMENS SUFFRAGE IN BRITAIN● Womens suffrage in Britain was part of a gradual improvement in womens rights. The movement also campaigned for the right to divorce a husband, the right to education, and the right to have a job such as a doctor.
WOMEN SUFFRAGE IN BRITAIN● 1912 was a turning point for the Suffragettes, using more militant tactics such as chaining themselves to railings, setting fire to mailbox contents, smashing windows and occasionally detonating bombs● The First World War provided the first opportunity for women to take on traditional male jobs
IMPORTANT FACTS DURING THE CAMPAIGN● At the end of the war, in 1918 the Representation of the People Act gave women over 30 the vote, and in 1928 all women over the age of 21.● Emily Wilding died after stepped in front of a horse running in the Epsom Derby
The Suffrage movement was a very broad one● In the United States two important groups:● THE NAWSA, NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION.● THE NWP,NATIONAL AMERICAN PARTY, where the characters of the film Iron Jawed Angels took part.
WOMENS SUFFRAGE IN THE US.● Woman suffrage started in 19th Century, culminating in 1920.● World War I provided the final push for womens suffrage in America. Members of the NWP held up banners saying that the United States was not a democracy.
WOMENS SUFRAGE IN THE U.S. IMPORTANT REPRESENTATORS WHICH APPEAR IN THE FILM IRON JAWED ANGELS. ● ALICE PAULS ● LUCY BURNS ● DORIES STEVENS ● RUZA WENCLAWSKA ● CARRIE CHAPMAN ● INEZ MILLHOLLAND ● As NWPs members, upon arrest, went on hunger strikes in 1917.
The Suffrage movement was a very broad one PRECURSORS OF THE SPANISH SUFFRAGE ● CONCEPCIÓN ARENAL ● EMILIA PARDO BAZÁN
The WOMENS Suffrage in Spain● In Spain, the most important representators of Woman Suffrage were:● CLARA CAMPOAMOR● MARGARITA NELKEN
The WOMENS SUFFRAGE IN SPAIN ● During Second Republic (1931-1936) women were granted many new rights of which they had been hitherto deprived. ● Spain was therefore one of the first among South European states to enfranchise women.
THE WOMENS SUFFRAGE IN SPAIN● In 1932, laws on divorce and civil marriage were passed. Women were accorded full legal status ; abortion was legalised, the crime of adultery was abolished and legal measures ensuring womens equal access to the labour market were taken.
The end of womens freedom in Spain and its later restauration ● After the Spanish Civil War,Francos dictatorship tolled the knell of all those democratic rights.● Numerous democratic laws were abolished: the laws on civil marriage and divorce. Abortion was severely punished. Womens legal ability was greatly restricted, and subjected to the authority of the father or the husband.● In transition to democracy (1975-1978),womens legal ability was restored and extended.
SOME OF THESE HISTORICALEVENTS WILL APPEAR IN THE FILM:
SOME SCENES OF THE FILMS WERE SHOT ACCORDING TO OLD PHOTOS OF THE AGE INORDER TO GIVE MORE REALISM TO THE STORY