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SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
SPORTS
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  • 1. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA SPORTS TYPES OF SPORTSAthletic sports Training and couching Amateur ProfessionalBlood Sports Bullfighting Bull balting Fox Hunting Fox Tossing Wolf huntingDemostration sports Balloning, fire fighting, kite fllying, Motorsports, basketball, motorcycling,volleyballDisabled Sports Deflyimpics paralimpics Special Olympics Extreme gamesExtreme sports Boardsports Motorsports Watersports Free fallflyingFemale SportsIndividual Sorts Cycling Golf Pilates Judo Surfing Tennis YogaTeam Sports Basketball football soccer volleyball2
  • 2. SPORTS ATC-IBARRAEtymology"Sport" comes from the Old French desport meaning "leisure", with the oldest definition in Englishfrom around 1300 being "anything humans find amusing or entertaining".The French word for sport is based on the Persian word bord, meaning "winning" or "win".[citationneeded] The Chinese term for sport, tiyu (体育; 體育) connotes physical training. The modern Greekterm for sport is Αθλητισμός (athlitismos), directly cognate with the English terms "athlete" and"athleticism".Other meanings include gambling and events staged for the purpose of gambling; hunting; andgames and diversions, including ones that require exercise. Rogets defines the noun sport as an"activity engaged in for relaxation and amusement" with synonyms including diversion andrecreationNomenclatureThe singular term sport is used in most English dialects to describe the overall concept (e.g."children taking part in sport"), with sports used to describe multiple activities (e.g. "football andrugby are the most popular sports in England"). American English uses sports for both terms.DefinitionThe precise definition of what separates a sport from other leisure activities varies between sources,with no universally agreed definition. The closest to an international agreement on a definition isprovided by SportAccord, which is the association for all the largest international sports federations(including association football, american football, cycling, equestrian sports, baseball and more),and is therefore the de facto representative of international sport.SportAccord uses the following criteria, determining that a sport should: • have an element of competition • be in no way harmful to any living creature • not rely on equipment provided by a single supplier (excluding proprietary games such as arena football) • not rely on any luck element specifically designed in to the sportThey also recognise that sport can be primarily physical (such as rugby or athletics), primarily mind(such as chess or go), predominantly motorised (such as Formula 1 or powerboating), primarily co-ordination (such as billiard sports) or primarily animal supported (such as equestrian sport)There has been an increase in the application of the term sport to a wider set of non-physicalchallenges such as electronic sports, especially due to the large scale of participation and organisedcompetition, but these are not widely recognised by mainstream sports organisations.3
  • 3. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA Sport in EcuadorFootballMain article: Football in EcuadorEstadio Casa Blanca, the largest stadium in Quito, and home of LDU Quito.Football is the most popular sport in Ecuador. Its best known professional teams include Barcelonaand Emelec from Guayaquil, LDU Quito, Deportivo Quito, and El Nacional from Quito, Olmedofrom Riobamba, and Deportivo Cuenca from Cuenca.The matches of the Ecuador national football team are the most watched sporting events in thecountry. In June 2007, FIFA adopted a resolution, prohibiting international football games at orhigher than 2,500 m above sea level. Rafael Correa, and his presidential counterparts in Peru,Bolivia, and Colombia, issued a joint letter of protest against this ruling. Ecuador qualified for thefinal rounds of both the 2002 and 2006 FIFA World Cup. Ecuador finished ahead of Poland andCosta Rica, to come in second to Germany in Group A, in the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Futsal, oftenreferred to as Índor, is particularly popular for mass participation.BaseballBaseball is the second most popular sport in Ecuador, and is second only to football. There arebaseball teams from Guayaquil, Quito, and Cuenca, who compete in the Ecuador Baseball League,which features 15 teams. The most successful baseball team in Ecuador is Ecuadoriana de Béisbolde Guayaquil, which has won the Ecuador Cup at a record eleven times. Before the 2008 SummerOlympics, Ecuador lost in qualifying for Baseball at the Summer Olympics. TennisSee also: Ecuador Davis Cup team and Ecuador Fed Cup teamTennisSee also: Ecuador Davis Cup team and Ecuador Fed Cup team11http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sport4
  • 4. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA The Importance of Sports for ChildrenPhysical fitnessSports such as football or baseball involve lots of physical activities. Sports andexercises help in strengthening and toning the muscles and bones in the body. In short,the importance of sports for kids is that it keeps them in an excellent shape.Team SpiritWhen children or adults plays team sports, be it cricket or hockey, they learn to work ingroups. They learn that if the team wins, they win and if the team loses, they lose. Thisway they learn how to work in groups. Thus, the importance of sports for kids is that theyunderstand what team spirit is and thus, when they grow and actually start working, itwill help them immensely in building relationships with their co-workers, and to work inharmony with others.Mental StrengthSports make people mentally strong. Success and failure are both parts of sports as well aslife. A sportsman knows that there will be times when he will win matches; there will alsobe times when he will lose them. A sportsperson knows how to handle defeat and thus, treatssuccess and failure equally. This is an important life lesson too, which sports can teach aperson. Besides this, another importance of sports for children or for adults is that itteaches them how to handle competition, and be fearless when facing the adversaries.5
  • 5. SPORTS ATC-IBARRAConstructive Use of TimeChildren and adolescents ooze with physical energy. When they are involved in sports,their physical energies are used up in a constructive way. Teenage is such animpressionable age, if adolescents are given free time they might get involved in wrongactivities or may fall in bad company or may also display anti-social behavior. Thus, theimportance of sports in society is that it keeps adolescents from becoming anti-socialelements, which might otherwise disturb the delicate fabric of society.HealthRegularly indulging in sports helps in keeping the immune system strong and hence, preventsany kind of disease from occurring. It also increases the appetite of the person. Thus,sports promote good health. Read more on healthy diet for athletes.ConfidenceSports inculcates self confidence in a person. When a child or a person excels in aparticular sports, he becomes very self confident. Sports inculcate discipline, dedicationand responsibility in a person, which he is able to apply in other areas of life as well.This makes him achieve success in every sphere of life, thus, making him even moreconfident.Decision MakingIn sports, a person has to make quick decisions depending upon the situation that he is in.Thus, a person who is involved in sports is able to make wise and quick decisions in otherareas of life as well. 22http://myschool.in.com/student-corner/tech-talk-importance-of-sports-4176.html6
  • 6. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA Benefits of exerciseStep right up!Its the miracle cure weve all been waiting for.It can reduce your risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer by up to50% and lower your risk of early death by up to 30%.It’s free, easy to take, has an immediate effect and you don’t need a GP to get some. Its name?Exercise.Click on the links below to find out if youre doing enough for your age: • early childhood (under 5 years old) • young people (5-18 years old) • adults (19-64 years old) • older adults (65 and over)Exercise is the miracle cure we’ve always had, but we’ve neglected to take our recommended dosefor too long. Our health is now suffering as a consequence.This is no snake oil. Whatever your age, theres strong scientific evidence that being physicallyactive can help you lead a healthier and even happier life.People who do regular activity have a lower risk of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease,type 2 diabetes, stroke and some cancers.Research shows that physical activity can also boost self-esteem, mood, sleep quality and energy, aswell as reducing your risk of stress, depression, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.“If exercise were a pill, it would be one of the most cost-effective drugs ever invented,” says DrNick Cavill, a health promotion consultant.Health benefitsGiven the overwhelming evidence, it seems obvious that we should all be physically active. Itsessential if you want to live a healthy and fulfilling life into old age.7
  • 7. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA"If exercise were a pill, it would be one of the most cost-effective drugs ever invented” DrNick CavillIts medically proven that people who do regular physical activity have: • up to a 35% lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke • up to a 50% lower risk of type 2 diabetes • up to a 50% lower risk of colon cancer • up to a 20% lower risk of breast cancer • a 30% lower risk of early death • up to an 83% lower risk of osteoarthritis • up to a 68% lower risk of hip fracture • a 30% lower risk of falls (among older adults) • up to a 30% lower risk of depression • up to a 30% lower risk of dementiaWhat counts?Moderate-intensity aerobic activity means youre working hard enough to raise your heart rate andbreak a sweat. One way to tell if youre working at a moderate intensity is if you can still talk butyou cant sing the words to a song.Examples of moderate-intensity aerobic activities are: • walking fast • water aerobics • riding a bike on level ground or with few hills • playing doubles tennis • pushing a lawn mowerDaily chores such as shopping, cooking or housework dont count towards your 150 minutes. This isbecause the effort needed to do them isn’t hard enough to get your heart rate up.A modern problemPeople are less active nowadays, partly because technology has made our lives easier. We drive carsor take public transport. Machines wash our clothes. We entertain ourselves in front of a TV orcomputer screen. Fewer people are doing manual work, and most of us have jobs that involve littlephysical effort. Work, house chores, shopping and other necessary activities are far less demandingthan for previous generations.33http://www.realbuzz.com/articles/the-health-and-fitness-benefits-of-sport-gb-en/8
  • 8. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA THE OBESITYObesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that itmay have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increasedhealth problems.[1][2] Body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares weight andheight, defines people as overweight (pre-obese) if their BMI is between 25 and 30 kg/m2, andobese when it is greater than 30 kg/m2Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes,obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonlycaused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and geneticsusceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medicationsor psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weightdue to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditurethan their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.Dieting and physical exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity. Diet quality can beimproved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods such as those high in fat and sugars,and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite orinhibit fat absorption together with a suitable diet. If diet, exercise and medication are not effective,a gastric balloon may assist with weight loss, or surgery may be performed to reduce stomachvolume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients fromfood.Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing prevalence in adults andchildren, and authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21stcentury. Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world),though it was widely perceived as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history, and stillis in some parts of the world. 44http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obesity9
  • 9. SPORTS ATC-IBARRA What is Sport and Development?‘Sport & Development’ refers to the use of sport as a tool for development and peace.Actors in sport, academia, private sector, non-profit and non-governmental organisations,government agencies, UN agencies and international organisations, the media, the general public aswell as young people are increasingly interested in the potential of sport as a tool to reach personal,community, national and international development objectives. They are also interested in howsport can be used as a tool for addressing some of the challenges that arise from humanitarian crisesand in conflict and post-conflict settings.As sport becomes increasingly part of humanitarian and development work, as well as a part of thecorporate social responsibility practices of some private sector actors, interested parties are anxiousto explore the potential, as well as the limitations, of sport in their work.For these very different actors to understand each other better, it becomes necessary to developcommon definitions and frameworks for action in order to improve practice.55http://www.sportanddev.org/en/learnmore/what_is_sport_and_development/10
  • 10. SPORTS ATC-IBARRATable of Contents SPORTS..................................................................................2Etymology............................................................................................................................................3Nomenclature.......................................................................................................................................3Definition..............................................................................................................................................3Sport in Ecuador...................................................................................................................................4Football.................................................................................................................................................4Baseball................................................................................................................................................4 The Importance of Sports for Children.............................................................................................5Physical fitness.....................................................................................................................................5Team Spirit...........................................................................................................................................5Mental Strength....................................................................................................................................5Constructive Use of Time.....................................................................................................................6Decision Making..................................................................................................................................6 Benefits of exercise.................................................................................................7Health benefits......................................................................................................................................7What counts?........................................................................................................................................8A modern problem................................................................................................................................8 THE OBESITY......................................................................................9 What is Sport and Development?...............................................................................................1011

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