Focus on word formation
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Focus on word formation

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One way to learn new words is to be aware of the way English words are formed. Many words are usually made up of three parts: a prefix, a stem and a suffix. You can use this knowledge to increase your ...

One way to learn new words is to be aware of the way English words are formed. Many words are usually made up of three parts: a prefix, a stem and a suffix. You can use this knowledge to increase your vocabulary.

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    Focus on word formation Focus on word formation Presentation Transcript

    • UNIVERSIDAD SIMON BOLIVAR DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMASFocus on word formation
    • word formation HOW? WHAT? adding affixes (prefix/suffix)creation of new words to the root of a word
    • word formation WHY?Learn… how English words are formed the spelling of words new word familiesIncrease… vocabulary knowledge reading comprehension
    • word formation root word?central part …for example,real word ‘comfort’stands on its own (root word)
    • word formation a prefix?group of lettersadd to the beginning of a rooteach one has a meaning…for example, dis + comfort = discomfort
    • word formation Prefix Meaning mis- ‘wrong’ or ‘badly’‘misspelled’ ‘wrongly spelled’ sub- ‘under’‘subway’ ‘a way under the ground’ pre- ‘before in time’‘prepacked’ ‘packed before’ un- ‘not‘unhurt’ ‘not hurt’
    • word formation a suffix?group of lettersword endingend of a root word…for example, comfort + able = comfortable
    • word formation Suffix ExampleVerb suffixes -ed walk + ed = walked -ing say + ing = sayingNoun suffixes -ness happy + ness = happiness -sion divide + sion = division -ment excite + ment = excitement -tion educate + tion = education -cian music + cian = musicianAdjective suffixes -al accident + al = accidental -er tall + er = taller -able accept + able = acceptable -ary imagine + ary = imaginary -est large + est = largest -ful help + ful + helpfulAdverb suffixes -ly love + ly = lovely -fully hope + fully = hopefully
    • word formation…some family words,employ: employed, employee, employer, unemployed, unemploymentuse: useless, usable, used, using, user, misusefriend: friendly, friendship, friendless unfriendlyfaith: faithful, faithfully, unfaithful, unfaithfully
    • word formation…Final Tips There are no rules to help you remember which prefix you should use Knowing the meaning of the prefix can help If you’re uncertain whether the prefix you’ve used is correct, check the word in a dictionary There are some spelling rules to help you learn why and when this happens
    • word formation…Final Tips Adding a suffix to some root words will change the spelling of the new word Adding suffixes to words can show how a word will be used in a sentence Adding suffixes to words can show what part of speech the word belongs to (noun, verb, adjective, adverb)
    • UNIVERSIDAD SIMON BOLIVAR DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMASFocus on word formationProf. Silvia Pereira