Discursive Essays• Definition• A discursive essay is a piece of formal writingwhich discusses a particular issue, situation orproblem.• Types1. For and against essays2. Opinion essays3. Essays suggesting solutions to problems
Suggested StructureFOR AND AGAINST OPINION SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMSIntroduction Introduction IntroductionP1: State opinion (withoutstating your opinion)P1: State the topic andyour opinionP1: State the problem andcause(s) or effect(s)Main Body Main Body Main BodyP2-3: Arguments for &justifications, examples orreasonsP4-5: Arguments against &justifications, examples orreasonsP2-4: Viewpoints & reasonsor examplesP5: Opposing viewpointand reason or exampleP2-5: Suggestions & resultsConclusion Conclusion ConclusionP6: Balanced considerationor opinionP6: Summarise or restateyour opinionP6: Summarise youropinion
Formal Style• Passive voice, impersonal constructionsIt is argued that…It is a common belief that…• A range of vocabulary: verbs, adjectives,abstract nouns, etc.A heated debate concerning the controversialissue…• Formal linking words/phrasesFurthermore, however, nonetheless, etc.
Formal Style• Complex sentences with a variety of links,dependent clauses, etc.• Inversion, especially in conditionals(If this were true, we would…)Were this true, we would…(This has never been more obvious…)Never has this been more obvious…
Beginning and Ending DiscursiveEssays: TechniquesFirst paragraph• Make reference to an unusual or strikingidea/scene/situation.• Address the reader directly and/or ask arhetorical question.• Start with a quotation or thought-provokingstatement.
Beginning and Ending DiscursiveEssays: TechniquesLast paragraph• Finish with a quotation.• Ask a rhetorical question.• Give the reader something to consider.
One Brainstorming Technique: The Discussion Clock